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Robo-AO M-dwarf Multiplicity Survey: Catalog

Lamman, Claire and Baranec, Christoph and Berta-Thompson, Zachory K. and Law, Nicholas M. and Schonhut-Stasik, Jessica and Ziegler, Carl and Salama, Maïssa and Jensen-Clem, Rebecca and Duev, Dmitry A. and Riddle, Reed and Kulkarni, Shrinivas R. and Winters, Jennifer G. and Irwin, Jonathan M. (2020) Robo-AO M-dwarf Multiplicity Survey: Catalog. Astronomical Journal, 159 (4). Art. No. 139. ISSN 1538-3881. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20200304-080142898

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Abstract

We analyze observations from Robo-AO's field M dwarf survey taken on the 2.1 m Kitt Peak telescope and perform a multiplicity comparison with Gaia DR2. Through its laser-guided, automated system, the Robo-AO instrument has yielded the largest adaptive optics M dwarf multiplicity survey to date. After developing an interface to visually identify and locate stellar companions, we selected 11 low-significance Robo-AO detections for follow-up on the Keck II telescope using NIRC2. In the Robo-AO survey we find 553 candidate companions within 4'' around 534 stars out of 5566 unique targets, most of which are new discoveries. Using a position cross-match with DR2 on all targets, we assess the binary recoverability of Gaia DR2 and compare the properties of multiples resolved by both Robo-AO and Gaia. The catalog of nearby M dwarf systems and their basic properties presented here can assist other surveys which observe these stars, such as the NASA TESS mission.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-3881/ab6ef1DOIArticle
https://arxiv.org/abs/2001.05988arXivDiscussion Paper
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Lamman, Claire0000-0002-6731-9329
Baranec, Christoph0000-0002-1917-9157
Berta-Thompson, Zachory K.0000-0002-3321-4924
Law, Nicholas M.0000-0001-9380-6457
Schonhut-Stasik, Jessica0000-0002-1043-8853
Ziegler, Carl0000-0002-0619-7639
Salama, Maïssa0000-0002-5082-6332
Jensen-Clem, Rebecca0000-0003-0054-2953
Duev, Dmitry A.0000-0001-5060-8733
Riddle, Reed0000-0002-0387-370X
Kulkarni, Shrinivas R.0000-0001-5390-8563
Winters, Jennifer G.0000-0001-6031-9513
Additional Information:© 2020 The American Astronomical Society. Received 2018 December 11; revised 2019 December 16; accepted 2019 December 18; published 2020 March 3. C.L. acknowledges support from a Boettcher Foundation Educational Enrichment Grant and the Research Experience for Undergraduate program at the Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawai'i funded through NSF grant AST-1560413. She is grateful for the expertise Sean Moss contributed throughout the project. This paper is also possible through Paul Coleman's tremendous engagement and support of the IfA REU program. C.B. acknowledges support from the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation. C.Z. is supported by a Dunlap Fellowship at the Dunlap Institute for Astronomy & Astrophysics, funded through an endowment established by the Dunlap family and the University of Toronto. J.G.W. is supported by a grant from the John Templeton Foundation. The opinions expressed in this publication are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the John Templeton Foundation. This research uses observations made with the Robo-AO instrument at the 2.1 m telescope at Kitt Peak National Observatory, National Optical Astronomy Observatory, which is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA) under cooperative agreement with the National Science Foundation. The authors are honored to be permitted to conduct astronomical research on Iolkam Du'ag (Kitt Peak), a mountain with particular significance to the Tohono O'odham. The Robo-AO team thanks NSF and NOAO for making the Kitt Peak 2.1 m telescope available. Robo-AO K.P. is a partnership between the California Institute of Technology, the University of Hawai'i, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, the Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics (IUCAA) at Pune, India, and the National Central University, Taiwan. The Murty family feels very happy to have added a small value to this important project. Robo-AO K.P. is also supported by grants from the John Templeton Foundation and the Mt. Cuba Astronomical Foundation. The Robo-AO instrument was developed with support from the National Science Foundation under grants AST-0906060, AST-0960343, and AST-1207891, the Mt. Cuba Astronomical Foundation, and by a gift from Samuel Oschin. These data are based on observations at Kitt Peak National Observatory, National Optical Astronomy Observatory (NOAO Prop. ID: 15B-3001), which is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA) under cooperative agreement with the National Science Foundation. Some of the data presented herein were obtained at the W. M. Keck Observatory, which is operated as a scientific partnership among the California Institute of Technology, the University of California and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. The Observatory was made possible by the generous financial support of the W. M. Keck Foundation. The authors wish to recognize and acknowledge the very significant cultural role and reverence that the summit of Maunakea has always had within the indigenous Hawaiian community. We are most fortunate to have the opportunity to conduct observations from this mountain. Some of the data presented in this paper were obtained from the Mikulski Archive for Space Telescopes (MAST). STScI is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc., under NASA contract NAS5-26555. This research has made use of the SIMBAD database, operated at CDS, Strasbourg, France. This research has made use of the Exoplanet Follow-up Observation Program website, which is operated by the California Institute of Technology, under contract with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration under the Exoplanet Exploration Program. This research has made use of the Washington Double Star Catalog maintained at the U.S. Naval Observatory. This research has made use of the NASA Exoplanet Archive, which is operated by the California Institute of Technology, under contract with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration under the Exoplanet Exploration Program. This work has made use of data from the European Space Agency (ESA) mission Gaia (https://www.cosmos.esa.int/gaia), processed by the Gaia Data Processing and Analysis Consortium (DPAC, https://www.cosmos.esa.int/web/gaia/dpac/consortium). Funding for the DPAC has been provided by national institutions, in particular the institutions participating in the Gaia Multilateral Agreement. This publication makes use of data products from the Two Micron All Sky Survey, which is a joint project of the University of Massachusetts and the Infrared Processing and Analysis Center/California Institute of Technology, funded by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and the National Science Foundation. Facilities: KPNO:2.1 m (Robo-AO) - , Keck:II (NIRC2-NGS). -
Group:Astronomy Department
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
University of HawaiiUNSPECIFIED
NSFAST-1560413
Alfred P. Sloan FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Dunlap Institute for Astronomy and AstrophysicsUNSPECIFIED
University of TorontoUNSPECIFIED
John Templeton FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Mt. Cuba Astronomical FoundationUNSPECIFIED
NSFAST-0906060
NSFAST-0960343
NSFAST-1207891
Samuel OschinUNSPECIFIED
W. M. Keck FoundationUNSPECIFIED
NASANAS5-26555
Gaia Multilateral AgreementUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:M dwarf stars ; Binary stars ; Catalogs ; Multiple stars ; Close binary stars ; Trinary stars ; Visual binary stars
Issue or Number:4
Classification Code:Unified Astronomy Thesaurus concepts: M dwarf stars (982); Binary stars (154); Catalogs (205); Multiple stars (1081); Close binary stars (254); Trinary stars (1714); Visual binary stars (1777)
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20200304-080142898
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20200304-080142898
Official Citation:Claire Lamman et al 2020 AJ 159 139
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:101692
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:04 Mar 2020 20:02
Last Modified:04 Mar 2020 20:02

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