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High-Fidelity Control, Detection, and Entanglement of Alkaline-Earth Rydberg Atoms

Madjarov, Ivaylo S. and Covey, Jacob P. and Shaw, Adam L. and Choi, Joonhee and Kale, Anant and Cooper, Alexandre and Pichler, Hannes and Schkolnik, Vladimir and Williams, Jason R. and Endres, Manuel (2020) High-Fidelity Control, Detection, and Entanglement of Alkaline-Earth Rydberg Atoms. Nature Physics, 16 (8). pp. 857-861. ISSN 1745-2473. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20200312-141649005

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Abstract

Trapped neutral atoms have become a prominent platform for quantum science, where entanglement fidelity records have been set using highly excited Rydberg states. However, controlled two-qubit entanglement generation has so far been limited to alkali species, leaving the exploitation of more complex electronic structures as an open frontier that could lead to improved fidelities and fundamentally different applications such as quantum-enhanced optical clocks. Here, we demonstrate a novel approach utilizing the two-valence electron structure of individual alkaline-earth Rydberg atoms. We find fidelities for Rydberg state detection, single-atom Rabi operations and two-atom entanglement that surpass previously published values. Our results pave the way for novel applications, including programmable quantum metrology and hybrid atom–ion systems, and set the stage for alkaline-earth based quantum computing architectures.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.1038/s41567-020-0903-zDOIArticle
https://rdcu.be/b4ryCPublisherFree ReadCube access
https://arxiv.org/abs/2001.04455arXivDiscussion Paper
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Covey, Jacob P.0000-0001-5104-6883
Shaw, Adam L.0000-0002-8059-5950
Kale, Anant0000-0002-7049-5630
Cooper, Alexandre0000-0002-8759-9647
Schkolnik, Vladimir0000-0002-2902-5549
Endres, Manuel0000-0002-4461-224X
Additional Information:© 2020 Springer Nature Limited. Received 24 January 2020; Accepted 07 April 2020; Published 25 May 2020. We acknowledge discussions with C. Greene and H. Levine as well as funding provided by the Institute for Quantum Information and Matter, an NSF Physics Frontiers Center grant (no. PHY-1733907), an NSF CAREER award (1753386), AFOSR YIP (FA9550-19-1-0044), the Sloan Foundation and F. Blum. Research was carried out at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory and the California Institute of Technology under a contract with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and funded through the President’s and Director’s Research and Development Fund (PDRDF). J.P.C. acknowledges support from the PMA Prize postdoctoral fellowship and J.C. acknowledges support from the IQIM postdoctoral fellowship. H.P. acknowledges support by the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation. A.K. acknowledges funding from the Larson SURF fellowship and Caltech Student-Faculty Programs. Data availability: The data that support the findings of this study are available from the corresponding author upon reasonable request. Author Contributions: M.E. conceived the idea and initiated the study. I.S.M., J.P.C., A.L.S., J.C., A.C. and V.S. designed and carried out the experiments. I.S.M., J.P.C., A.L.S., J.C., A.K. and H.P. performed theory and simulation work. I.S.M., J.P.C., A.L.S. and J.C. contributed to data analysis. I.S.M., J.P.C., A.L.S., J.C. and M.E. contributed to writing the manuscript and the Supplementary Information. J.P.C., J.R.W. and M.E. supervised and guided this work. The authors declare no competing interests.
Group:Institute for Quantum Information and Matter
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Institute for Quantum Information and Matter (IQIM)UNSPECIFIED
NSFPHY-1733907
NSFPHY-1753386
Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR)FA9550-19-1-0044
Alfred P. Sloan FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Fred BlumUNSPECIFIED
NASA/JPL/CaltechUNSPECIFIED
JPL President and Director's FundUNSPECIFIED
Caltech Division of Physics, Mathematics and AstronomyUNSPECIFIED
Gordon and Betty Moore FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Caltech Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF)UNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:Atomic and molecular interactions with photons; Atomic and molecular physics; Exotic atoms and molecules; Quantum information; Quantum physics
Issue or Number:8
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20200312-141649005
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20200312-141649005
Official Citation:Madjarov, I.S., Covey, J.P., Shaw, A.L. et al. High-fidelity entanglement and detection of alkaline-earth Rydberg atoms. Nat. Phys. 16, 857–861 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41567-020-0903-z
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:101897
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:12 Mar 2020 21:24
Last Modified:27 Aug 2020 23:04

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