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The golden age of social science

Buyalskaya, Anastasia and Gallo, Marcos and Camerer, Colin F. (2021) The golden age of social science. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 118 (5). Art. No. e2002923118. ISSN 0027-8424. PMCID PMC7865154. doi:10.1073/pnas.2002923118.

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Social science is entering a golden age, marked by the confluence of explosive growth in new data and analytic methods, interdisciplinary approaches, and a recognition that these ingredients are necessary to solve the more challenging problems facing our world. We discuss how developing a “lingua franca” can encourage more interdisciplinary research, providing two case studies (social networks and behavioral economics) to illustrate this theme. Several exemplar studies from the past 12 y are also provided. We conclude by addressing the challenges that accompany these positive trends, such as career incentives and the search for unifying frameworks, and associated best practices that can be employed in response.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription CentralArticle Paper
Buyalskaya, Anastasia0000-0002-1848-1661
Gallo, Marcos0000-0002-8227-2661
Camerer, Colin F.0000-0003-4049-1871
Additional Information:© 2021 the Author(s). Published by PNAS. This open access article is distributed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License 4.0 (CC BY-NC-ND). Edited by Matthew O. Jackson, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, and approved November 23, 2020 (received for review May 14, 2020). We thank Fred Blum, Jerry Davis, Jonathan Katz, Joseph Henrich, Philip Hoffman, Keri Leigh Merritt, Scott Page, Duncan Watts, our editor, and two anonymous referees for constructive comments and discussions. We thank the T&C Chen Center (Fellowships for M.G., A.B., support for C.F.C.), the Behavioral and Neuroeconomics Discovery Fund at Caltech and MacArthur Foundation (for C.F.C.), NSF Social, Behavioral and Economic Sciences award 1851902 (supporting M.G., C.F.C.), NSF award 1851745 (for C.F.C.), and especially Trilience (for C.F.C.) for financial support for research on this topic. Data Availability: There are no data underlying this work. Author contributions: A.B. and C.F.C. designed research; A.B., M.G., and C.F.C. performed research; M.G. analyzed data; and A.B., M.G., and C.F.C. wrote the paper. The authors declare no competing interest. This article is a PNAS Direct Submission.
Group:Tianqiao and Chrissy Chen Institute for Neuroscience
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Tianqiao and Chrissy Chen Institute for NeuroscienceUNSPECIFIED
Behavioral and Neuroeconomics Discovery FundUNSPECIFIED
John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Trilience ResearchUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:interdisciplinarity; diverse teams; new data; difficult challenges
Issue or Number:5
Classification Code:JEL: D03
PubMed Central ID:PMC7865154
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20200327-125416584
Persistent URL:
Official Citation:The golden age of social science. Anastasia Buyalskaya, Marcos Gallo, Colin F. Camerer. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Feb 2021, 118 (5) e2002923118; DOI: 10.1073/pnas.2002923118
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:102147
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:27 Mar 2020 20:51
Last Modified:01 Jun 2023 23:12

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