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Dynamic Heterogeneity in Ring-Linear Polymer Blends

Katsarou, Anna F. and Tsamopoulos, Alexandros J. and Tsalikis, Dimitrios G. and Mavrantzas, Vlasis G. (2020) Dynamic Heterogeneity in Ring-Linear Polymer Blends. Polymers, 12 (4). Art. No. 752. ISSN 2073-4360. PMCID PMC7240694. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20200330-130735525

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Abstract

We present results from a direct statistical analysis of long molecular dynamics (MD) trajectories for the orientational relaxation of individual ring molecules in blends with equivalent linear chains. Our analysis reveals a very broad distribution of ring relaxation times whose width increases with increasing ring/linear molecular length and increasing concentration of the blend in linear chains. Dynamic heterogeneity is also observed in the pure ring melts but to a lesser extent. The enhanced degree of dynamic heterogeneity in the blends arises from the substantial increase in the intrinsic timescales of a large subpopulation of ring molecules due to their involvement in strong threading events with a certain population of the linear chains present in the blend. Our analysis suggests that the relaxation dynamics of the rings are controlled by the different states of their threading by linear chains. Unthreaded or singly-threaded rings exhibit terminal relaxation very similar to that in their own melt, but multiply-threaded rings relax much slower due to the long lifetimes of the corresponding topological interactions. By further analyzing the MD data for ring molecule terminal relaxation in terms of the sum of simple exponential functions we have been able to quantify the characteristic relaxation times of the corresponding mechanisms contributing to ring relaxation both in their pure melts and in the blends, and their relative importance. The extra contribution due to ring-linear threadings in the blends becomes immediately apparent through such an analysis.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12040752DOIArticle
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7240694PubMed CentralArticle
Additional Information:© 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). Received: 7 February 2020; Revised: 15 March 2020; Accepted: 18 March 2020; Published: 30 March 2020. This work was supported by computational time granted from the Greek Research and Technology Network (GRNET) in the National HPC facility—ARIS—under project pr008046. This research was funded by the Limmat Foundation Zurich, Switzerland through the project “Multiscale Simulations of Complex Polymer Systems” (MuSiComPS). Author Contributions: Conceptualization: V.G.M.; methodology: A.F.K., A.J.T., D.G.T. and V.G.M.; software: A.F.K., A.J.T. and D.G.T.; investigation: A.F.K., A.J.T. and D.G.T.; resources: D.G.T. and V.G.M.; data curation: A.F.K. and D.G.T.; writing—original draft preparation: A.F.K., D.G.T. and V.G.M.; supervision: D.G.T. and V.G.M.; project administration: V.G.M; funding acquisition: V.G.M. All authors have read and agreed to the published version of the manuscript. The authors declare no conflict of interest.
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Funding AgencyGrant Number
Limmat Foundation ZurichUNSPECIFIED
Issue or Number:4
PubMed Central ID:PMC7240694
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20200330-130735525
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20200330-130735525
Official Citation:Katsarou, A.F.; Tsamopoulos, A.J.; Tsalikis, D.G.; Mavrantzas, V.G. Dynamic Heterogeneity in Ring-Linear Polymer Blends. Polymers 2020, 12, 752.
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:102172
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:30 Mar 2020 20:30
Last Modified:15 Jun 2020 16:00

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