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High Fidelity Aerodynamic Force Estimation for Multirotor Crafts in Free Flight

Veismann, Marcel and Gharib, Morteza (2020) High Fidelity Aerodynamic Force Estimation for Multirotor Crafts in Free Flight. In: AIAA Scitech 2020 Forum. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics , Reston, VA, Art. No. 2020-0303. ISBN 9781624105951. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20200331-141548015

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Abstract

Aerodynamic investigation of multirotor crafts under non-hover conditions plays a vital role in the development of efficient and stable systems. Non-hover conditions include any flight scenario where the craft is no longer subject to to an infinite, stationary and undisturbed fluid. Examples of non-hover conditions are forward-flight, axial descent, and flying under ground effects. This paper presents the experimental framework for estimating multirotor free-flight forces. The presented method does not require rigid mounting of the craft to a load cell. Instead, the forces on the craft are estimated using two complementary methods-- one based on rigid body dynamics obtained by motion capture measurements and the other inferred from rotor rotational speed measurements. By considering these two independent estimates, with the dynamically-derived forces serving as a continuous reference, we are able to evaluate relative rotor performance, even under conditions where net forces on the craft are fluctuating. In order to map rotor rotational rates to rotor forces, we developed a closed-form expression which incorporates Reynolds number and rotor-rotor interaction effects. Using our free-flight force estimation technique, we accurately estimated rotor performance during various vertical flight conditions (i.e. ascent, descent, and hover with and without ground effects) with a high degree of accuracy.


Item Type:Book Section
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.2514/6.2020-0303DOIArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Gharib, Morteza0000-0002-2204-9302
Additional Information:© 2020 American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics. Published Online: 5 Jan 2020.
Group:GALCIT
Other Numbering System:
Other Numbering System NameOther Numbering System ID
AIAA Paper2020-0303
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20200331-141548015
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20200331-141548015
Official Citation:High Fidelity Aerodynamic Force Estimation for Multirotor Crafts in Free Flight. Marcel Veismann and Morteza Gharib. AIAA Scitech 2020 Forum. January 2020; doi: 10.2514/6.2020-0303
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:102209
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:31 Mar 2020 21:24
Last Modified:31 Mar 2020 21:24

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