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The Gemini Planet Imager view of the HD 32297 debris disk

Duchêne, Gaspard and Rice, Malena and Hom, Justin and Zalesky, Joseph and Esposito, Thomas M. and Millar-Blanchaer, Maxwell A. and Ren, Bin and Kalas, Paul and Fitzgerald, Michael and Arriaga, Pauline and Bruzzone, Sebastian and Bulger, Joanna and Chen, Christine H. and Chiang, Eugene and Cotten, Tara and Czekala, Ian and De Rosa, Robert J. and Dong, Ruobing and Draper, Zachary H. and Follette, Katherine B. and Graham, James R. and Hung, Li-Wei and Lopez, Ronald and Macintosh, Bruce and Matthews, Brenda C. and Mazoyer, Johan and Metchev, Stan and Patience, Jennifer and Perrin, Marshall D. and Rameau, Julien and Song, Inseok and Stahl, Kevin and Wang, Jason and Wolff, Schuyler and Zuckerman, Ben and Ammons, S. Mark and Bailey, Vanessa P. and Barman, Travis and Chilcote, Jeffrey and Doyon, Rene and Gerard, Benjamin L. and Goodsell, Stephen J. and Greenbaum, Alexandra Z. and Hibon, Pascale and Ingraham, Patrick and Konopacky, Quinn and Maire, Jérôme and Marchis, Franck and Marley, Mark S. and Marois, Christian and Nielsen, Eric L. and Oppenheimer, Rebecca and Palmer, David and Poyneer, Lisa and Pueyo, Laurent and Rajan, Abhijith and Rantrakiro, Fredrik T. and Ruffio, Jean-Baptiste and Savransky, Dmitry and Schneider, Adam C. and Sivaramakrishnan, Anand and Soummer, Rémi and Thomas, Sandrine (2020) The Gemini Planet Imager view of the HD 32297 debris disk. Astronomical Journal, 159 (6). Art. No. 251. ISSN 1538-3881. doi:10.3847/1538-3881/ab8881.

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We present new H-band scattered light images of the HD 32297 edge-on debris disk obtained with the Gemini Planet Imager. The disk is detected in total and polarized intensity down to a projected angular separation of 0.”15, or 20 au. On the other hand, the large-scale swept-back halo remains undetected, likely a consequence of its markedly blue color relative to the parent body belt. We analyze the curvature of the disk spine and estimate a radius of ≈100 au for the parent body belt, smaller than past scattered light studies but consistent with thermal emission maps of the system. We employ three different flux-preserving post-processing methods to suppress the residual starlight and evaluate the surface brightness and polarization profile along the disk spine. Unlike past studies of the system, our high-fidelity images reveal the disk to be highly symmetric and devoid of morphological and surface brightness perturbations. We find the dust scattering properties of the system to be consistent with those observed in other debris disks, with the exception of HR 4796. Finally, we find no direct evidence for the presence of a planetary-mass object in the system.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription Paper
Duchêne, Gaspard0000-0002-5092-6464
Rice, Malena0000-0002-7670-670X
Esposito, Thomas M.0000-0002-0792-3719
Millar-Blanchaer, Maxwell A.0000-0001-6205-9233
Ren, Bin0000-0003-1698-9696
Kalas, Paul0000-0002-6221-5360
Fitzgerald, Michael0000-0002-0176-8973
Chen, Christine H.0000-0002-8382-0447
Chiang, Eugene0000-0002-6246-2310
Czekala, Ian0000-0002-1483-8811
De Rosa, Robert J.0000-0002-4918-0247
Dong, Ruobing0000-0001-9290-7846
Draper, Zachary H.0000-0002-1834-3496
Macintosh, Bruce0000-0003-1212-7538
Mazoyer, Johan0000-0002-9133-3091
Metchev, Stan0000-0003-3050-8203
Perrin, Marshall D.0000-0002-3191-8151
Rameau, Julien0000-0003-0029-0258
Song, Inseok0000-0002-5815-7372
Wang, Jason0000-0003-0774-6502
Ammons, S. Mark0000-0001-5172-7902
Bailey, Vanessa P.0000-0002-5407-2806
Barman, Travis0000-0002-7129-3002
Chilcote, Jeffrey0000-0001-6305-7272
Gerard, Benjamin L.0000-0003-3978-9195
Konopacky, Quinn0000-0002-9936-6285
Marchis, Franck0000-0001-7016-7277
Marley, Mark S.0000-0002-5251-2943
Marois, Christian0000-0002-4164-4182
Nielsen, Eric L.0000-0001-6975-9056
Oppenheimer, Rebecca0000-0001-7130-7681
Pueyo, Laurent0000-0003-3818-408X
Ruffio, Jean-Baptiste0000-0003-2233-4821
Schneider, Adam C.0000-0002-6294-5937
Soummer, Rémi0000-0003-2753-2819
Additional Information:© 2020 The American Astronomical Society. Received 2020 February 11; revised 2020 March 25; accepted 2020 April 3; published 2020 May 7. We are grateful to Glenn Schneider for making his STIS image available for analysis. This work is based on observations obtained at the Gemini Observatory, which is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc. (AURA), under a cooperative agreement with the National Science Foundation (NSF) on behalf of the Gemini partnership: the NSF (United States), the National Research Council (Canada), CONICYT (Chile), Ministerio de Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación Productiva (Argentina), and Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia e Inovação (Brazil). This work made use of data from the European Space Agency mission Gaia (, processed by the Gaia Data Processing and Analysis Consortium (DPAC, Funding for the DPAC has been provided by national institutions, in particular, the institutions participating in the Gaia Multilateral Agreement. This research made use of the SIMBAD and VizieR databases, operated at CDS, Strasbourg, France. This work was supported by NSF grants AST-1411868 (E.L.N., K.B.F., B.M., and J.P.), AST-141378 (G.D.), and AST-1518332 (T.M.E., R.J.D.R., J.R.G., P.K., and G.D.). This work was also supported by NASA grants NNX14AJ80G (E.L.N., B.M., F.M., and M.P.), NNX15AC89G and NNX15AD95G/NExSS (T.M.E., B.M., R.J.D.R., G.D., J.J.W., J.R.G., and P.K.), NN15AB52l (D.S.). M.R. is supported by the NSF Graduate Research Fellowship Program under grant No. DGE-1752134. J.R. and R.D. acknowledge support from the Fonds de Recherche du Quèbec. J.M.'s work was performed in part under contract with the California Institute of Technology/Jet Propulsion Laboratory funded by NASA through the Sagan Fellowship Program executed by the NASA Exoplanet Science Institute. M.M.B. and J.M. were supported by NASA through Hubble Fellowship grants #51378.01-A and HST-HF2-51414.001, respectively, and I.C. through Hubble Fellowship grant HST-HF2-51405.001-A, awarded by the Space Telescope Science Institute, which is operated by AURA, for NASA, under contract NAS5-26555. J.J.W. is supported by the Heising-Simons Foundation 51 Pegasi b postdoctoral fellowship. This work benefited from NASA's Nexus for Exoplanet System Science (NExSS) research coordination network sponsored by NASA's Science Mission Directorate. Portions of this work were also performed under the auspices of the U.S. Department of Energy by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory under Contract DE-AC52-07NA27344. Facility: Gemini:South. - Software: MCFOST (Pinte et al. 2006), Gemini Planet Imager Data Reduction Pipeline (Perrin et al. 2014, 2016,, pyKLIP (Wang et al. 2015,, NumPy (Oliphant 2006,, SciPy (Jones et al. 2001,, Astropy (The Astropy Collaboration et al. 2018), matplotlib (Hunter 2007; Droettboom et al. 2017), iPython (Pérez & Granger 2007), emcee (Foreman-Mackey et al. 2013,, corner (Foreman-Mackey 2016,
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Gaia Multilateral AgreementUNSPECIFIED
NSF Graduate Research FellowshipDGE-1752134
Fonds de Recherche du QuèbecUNSPECIFIED
NASA Hubble Fellowship51378.01-A
NASA Hubble FellowshipHST-HF2-51414.001
NASA Hubble FellowshipHST-HF2-51405.001-A
Heising-Simons Foundation51 Pegasi b Fellowship
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-AC52-07NA27344
Subject Keywords:Debris disks ; Circumstellar dust
Issue or Number:6
Classification Code:Unified Astronomy Thesaurus concepts: Debris disks (363); Circumstellar dust (236)
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20200501-110435114
Persistent URL:
Official Citation:Gaspard Duchêne et al 2020 AJ 159 251
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:102962
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:04 May 2020 14:16
Last Modified:16 Nov 2021 18:17

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