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First Resolved Scattered-light Images of Four Debris Disks in Scorpius-Centaurus with the Gemini Planet Imager

Hom, Justin and Patience, Jennifer and Esposito, Thomas M. and Duchêne, Gaspard and Worthen, Kadin and Kalas, Paul and Jang-Condell, Hannah and Saboi, Kezman and Arriaga, Pauline and Mazoyer, Johan and Wolff, Schuyler and Millar-Blanchaer, Maxwell A. and Fitzgerald, Michael P. and Perrin, Marshall D. and Chen, Christine H. and Macintosh, Bruce and Matthews, Brenda C. and Wang, Jason J. and Graham, James R. and Marchis, Franck and Ammons, S. Mark and Bailey, Vanessa P. and Barman, Travis and Bulger, Joanna and Chilcote, Jeffrey K. and Cotten, Tara and De Rosa, Robert J. and Doyon, René and Follette, Katherine B. and Goodsell, Steven and Greenbaum, Alexandra Z. and Hibon, Pascale and Ingraham, Patrick and Konopacky, Quinn and Larkin, James E. and Maire, Jerome and Marley, Mark S. and Marois, Christian and Matthews, Elisabeth and Metchev, Stanimir and Nielsen, Eric L. and Oppenheimer, Rebecca and Palmer, David and Poyneer, Lisa A. and Pueyo, Laurent and Rajan, Abhijith and Rameau, Julien and Rantakyrö, Fredrik T. and Ren, Bin and Savransky, Dmitry and Schneider, Adam and Sivaramakrishnan, Anand and Song, Inseok and Soummer, Rémi and Tallis, Melisa and Thomas, Sandrine and Wallace, J. Kent and Ward-Duong, Kimberly and Wiktorowicz, Sloane J. and Zuckerman, Ben (2020) First Resolved Scattered-light Images of Four Debris Disks in Scorpius-Centaurus with the Gemini Planet Imager. Astronomical Journal, 159 (1). Art. No. 31. ISSN 1538-3881. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20200504-093654799

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Abstract

We present the first spatially resolved scattered-light images of four debris disks around members of the Scorpius-Centaurus (Sco-Cen) OB association with high-contrast imaging and polarimetry using the Gemini Planet Imager (GPI). All four disks are resolved for the first time in polarized light, and one disk is also detected in total intensity. The three disks imaged around HD 111161, HD 143675, and HD 145560 are symmetric in both morphology and brightness distribution. The three systems span a range of inclinations and radial extents. The disk imaged around HD 98363 shows indications of asymmetries in morphology and brightness distribution, with some structural similarities to the HD 106906 planet–disk system. Uniquely, HD 98363 has a wide comoving stellar companion, Wray 15-788, with a recently resolved disk with very different morphological properties. HD 98363 A/B is the first binary debris disk system with two spatially resolved disks. All four targets have been observed with ALMA, and their continuum fluxes range from one nondetection to one of the brightest disks in the region. With the new results, a total of 15 A/F stars in Sco-Cen have resolved scattered-light debris disks, and approximately half of these systems exhibit some form of asymmetry. Combining the GPI disk structure results with information from the literature on millimeter fluxes and imaged planets reveals a diversity of disk properties in this young population. Overall, the four newly resolved disks contribute to the census of disk structures measured around A/F stars at this important stage in the development of planetary systems.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-3881/ab5af2DOIArticle
https://arxiv.org/abs/1911.09667arXivDiscussion Paper
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Hom, Justin0000-0001-9994-2142
Esposito, Thomas M.0000-0002-0792-3719
Duchêne, Gaspard0000-0002-5092-6464
Kalas, Paul0000-0002-6221-5360
Jang-Condell, Hannah0000-0002-7639-1322
Arriaga, Pauline0000-0001-6364-2834
Mazoyer, Johan0000-0002-9133-3091
Wolff, Schuyler0000-0002-9977-8255
Millar-Blanchaer, Maxwell A.0000-0001-6205-9233
Fitzgerald, Michael P.0000-0002-0176-8973
Perrin, Marshall D.0000-0002-3191-8151
Chen, Christine H.0000-0002-8382-0447
Macintosh, Bruce0000-0003-1212-7538
Matthews, Brenda C.0000-0003-3017-9577
Wang, Jason J.0000-0003-0774-6502
Marchis, Franck0000-0001-7016-7277
Ammons, S. Mark0000-0001-5172-7902
Bailey, Vanessa P.0000-0002-5407-2806
Barman, Travis0000-0002-7129-3002
Bulger, Joanna0000-0003-4641-2003
Chilcote, Jeffrey K.0000-0001-6305-7272
Cotten, Tara0000-0003-0156-3019
De Rosa, Robert J.0000-0002-4918-0247
Follette, Katherine B.0000-0002-7821-0695
Greenbaum, Alexandra Z.0000-0002-7162-8036
Hibon, Pascale0000-0003-3726-5494
Ingraham, Patrick0000-0003-3715-8138
Konopacky, Quinn0000-0002-9936-6285
Larkin, James E.0000-0001-7687-3965
Marley, Mark S.0000-0002-5251-2943
Marois, Christian0000-0002-4164-4182
Metchev, Stanimir0000-0003-3050-8203
Nielsen, Eric L.0000-0001-6975-9056
Oppenheimer, Rebecca0000-0001-7130-7681
Palmer, David0000-0001-7128-0802
Rajan, Abhijith0000-0002-9246-5467
Rameau, Julien0000-0003-0029-0258
Rantakyrö, Fredrik T.0000-0002-9667-2244
Ren, Bin0000-0003-1698-9696
Savransky, Dmitry0000-0002-8711-7206
Schneider, Adam0000-0002-6294-5937
Sivaramakrishnan, Anand0000-0003-1251-4124
Song, Inseok0000-0002-5815-7372
Soummer, Rémi0000-0003-2753-2819
Thomas, Sandrine0000-0002-9121-3436
Wallace, J. Kent0000-0001-5299-6899
Ward-Duong, Kimberly0000-0002-4479-8291
Wiktorowicz, Sloane J.0000-0003-4483-5037
Zuckerman, Ben0000-0001-6809-3045
Additional Information:© 2020 The American Astronomical Society. Received 2019 September 30; revised 2019 November 21; accepted 2019 November 21; published 2020 January 2. This work is based on observations obtained at the Gemini Observatory, which is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc., under a cooperative agreement with the NSF on behalf of the Gemini partnership: the National Science Foundation (United States), the National Research Council (Canada), CONICYT (Chile), Ministerio de Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación Productiva (Argentina), and Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia e Inovação (Brazil). This work has made use of data from the European Space Agency (ESA) mission Gaia (https://www.cosmos.esa.int/gaia), processed by the Gaia Data Processing and Analysis Consortium (DPAC; https://www.cosmos.esa.int/web/gaia/dpac/consortium). Funding for the DPAC has been provided by national institutions, in particular the institutions participating in the Gaia Multilateral Agreement. This research has made use of the SIMBAD and VizieR databases, operated at CDS, Strasbourg, France. Supported by NSF grants AST-1411868 (E.L.N., K.B.F., B.M., and J.P.), AST-141378 (G.D.), and AST-1518332 (R.D.R., J.J.W., T.M.E., J.R.G., P.K., G.D.). Supported by NASA grants NNX14AJ80G (E.L.N., S.C.B., B.M., F.M., and M.P.), NNX15AC89G and NNX15AD95G/NExSS (B.M., J.E.W., T.M.E., R.J.D.R., G.D., J.R.G., P.K.), NN15AB52l (D.S.), and NNX16AD44G (K.M.M.). J.R., R.D., and D.L. acknowledge support from the Fonds de Recherche du Quèbec. J.R.M.'s work was performed in part under contract with the California Institute of Technology (Caltech)/Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) funded by NASA through the Sagan Fellowship Program executed by the NASA Exoplanet Science Institute. M.M.B. and J.M. were supported by NASA through Hubble Fellowship grant No. 51378.01-A and HST-HF2-51414.001, respectively, and I.C. through Hubble Fellowship grant HST-HF2-51405.001-A, awarded by the Space Telescope Science Institute, which is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc., for NASA, under contract NAS5-26555. K.W.D. is supported by NRAO Student Observing Support Award SOSPA3-007. J.J.W. is supported by the Heising-Simons Foundation 51 Pegasi b postdoctoral fellowship. This work benefited from NASA's Nexus for Exoplanet System Science (NExSS) research coordination network, sponsored by NASA's Science Mission Directorate. Portions of this work were also performed under the auspices of the U.S. Department of Energy by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory under contract DE-AC52-07NA27344. Facility: Gemini:South - Gemini South Telescope. Software: Gemini Planet Imager Data Pipeline (Perrin et al. 2014, 2016; http://ascl.net/1411.018), pyKLIP (Wang et al. 2015; http://ascl.net/1506.001), numpy, scipy, Astropy (Astropy Collaboration et al. 2018), matplotlib (Hunter 2007; Droettboom et al. 2017), iPython (Perez & Granger 2007), emcee (Foreman-Mackey et al. 2013; http://ascl.net/1303.002), corner (Foreman-Mackey 2017; http://ascl.net/1702.002).
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Gaia Multilateral AgreementUNSPECIFIED
NSFAST-1411868
NSFAST-141378
NSFAST-1518332
NASANNX14AJ80G
NASANNX15AC89G
NASANNX15AD95G
NASANN15AB52l
NASANNX16AD44G
Fonds de Recherche du QuébecUNSPECIFIED
NASA/JPL/CaltechUNSPECIFIED
NASA Sagan FellowshipUNSPECIFIED
NASA Hubble Fellowship51378.01-A
NASA Hubble FellowshipHST-HF2-51414.001
NASA Hubble FellowshipHST-HF2-51405.001-A
NASANAS5-26555
National Radio Astronomy ObservatorySOSPA3-007
Heising-Simons Foundation51 Pegasi b Fellowship
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-AC52-07NA27344
Subject Keywords:Circumstellar disks ; Debris disks ; Direct imaging ; Planetary system formation ; Near infrared astronomy ; Circumstellar dust ; Circumstellar matter
Issue or Number:1
Classification Code:Unified Astronomy Thesaurus concepts: Circumstellar disks (235); Debris disks (363); Direct imaging (387); Planetary system formation (1257); Near infrared astronomy (1093); Circumstellar dust (236); Circumstellar matter (241)
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20200504-093654799
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20200504-093654799
Official Citation:Justin Hom et al 2020 AJ 159 31
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:102973
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:04 May 2020 16:52
Last Modified:04 May 2020 16:52

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