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Efficient microwave frequency conversion mediated by a photonics compatible silicon nitride nanobeam oscillator

Fink, J. M. and Kalaee, M. and Norte, R. and Pitanti, A. and Painter, O. (2020) Efficient microwave frequency conversion mediated by a photonics compatible silicon nitride nanobeam oscillator. Quantum Science and Technology, 5 (3). Art. No. 034011. ISSN 2058-9565. doi:10.1088/2058-9565/ab8dce.

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Microelectromechanical systems and integrated photonics provide the basis for many reliable and compact circuit elements in modern communication systems. Electro-opto-mechanical devices are currently one of the leading approaches to realize ultra-sensitive, low-loss transducers for an emerging quantum information technology. Here we present an on-chip microwave frequency converter based on a planar aluminum on silicon nitride platform that is compatible with slot-mode coupled photonic crystal cavities. We show efficient frequency conversion between two propagating microwave modes mediated by the radiation pressure interaction with a metalized dielectric nanobeam oscillator. We achieve bidirectional coherent conversion with a total device efficiency of up to ~60%, a dynamic range of 2 × 10⁹ photons/s and an instantaneous bandwidth of up to 1.7 kHz. A high fidelity quantum state transfer would be possible if the drive dependent output noise of currently ~14 photons s⁻¹ Hz⁻¹ is further reduced. Such a silicon nitride based transducer is in situ reconfigurable and could be used for on-chip classical and quantum signal routing and filtering, both for microwave and hybrid microwave-optical applications.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription Paper
Fink, J. M.0000-0001-8112-028X
Painter, O.0000-0002-1581-9209
Alternate Title:Efficient microwave frequency conversion mediated by the vibrational motion of a silicon nitride nanobeam oscillator
Additional Information:© 2020 IOP Publishing Ltd. Original content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 licence. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI. Received 27 November 2019; Accepted 28 April 2020; Accepted Manuscript online 28 April 2020; Published 25 May 2020. We thank Lukas Heinzle, Joe Redford, Marcelo Davanço, Kartik Srinivasan and Greg McCabe for help in the early parts of this work and Shabir Barzanjeh for discussions. This research was supported by the DARPA MESO program, the ARO-MURI Quantum Opto-Mechanics with Atoms and Nanostructured Diamond (Grant N00014-15-1-2761) and the Institute for Quantum Information and Matter, an NSF Physics Frontiers Center (Grant PHY-1125565) with support of the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation. AP was supported by a Marie Curie International Outgoing Fellowship within the 7th European Community Framework Program, NEMO (GA 298861). JMF acknowledges support from the European Research Council under Grant agreement number 758053 (ERC StG QUNNECT), the Austrian Science Fund (FWF) through BeyondC (F71), an NOMIS Foundation Research Grant, and the EU's Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Program under Grant agreement number 732894 (FET Proactive HOT).
Group:Institute for Quantum Information and Matter, Kavli Nanoscience Institute
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA)UNSPECIFIED
Army Research Office (ARO)UNSPECIFIED
Office of Naval Research (ONR)N00014-15-1-2761
Institute for Quantum Information and Matter (IQIM)UNSPECIFIED
Gordon and Betty Moore FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Marie Curie FellowshipGA 298861
European Research Council (ERC)758053
FWF Der WissenschaftsfondsUNSPECIFIED
European Research Council (ERC)732894
Subject Keywords:superconducting circuits, electromechanics, optomechanics, MEMS, frequency conversion, hybrid devices, silicon nitride membranes
Issue or Number:3
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20200504-123037615
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Official Citation:J M Fink et al 2020 Quantum Sci. Technol. 5 034011
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:102975
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:04 May 2020 20:11
Last Modified:16 Nov 2021 18:17

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