A Caltech Library Service

Smooth Nonlinear Hysteresis Model for Coupled Biaxial Soil-Pipe Interaction in Sandy Soils

Nguyen, Kien T. and Asimaki, Domniki (2020) Smooth Nonlinear Hysteresis Model for Coupled Biaxial Soil-Pipe Interaction in Sandy Soils. Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, 146 (6). Art. No. 04020035. ISSN 1090-0241.

Full text is not posted in this repository. Consult Related URLs below.

Use this Persistent URL to link to this item:


Pipelines as infrastructure components are very vulnerable to geohazard-induced ground deformation and failure. Soil–pipe interaction (SPI) thus is very important for the assessment and design of resilient pipeline systems. Previous work on SPI modeling has been based on crude assumptions, such as representation of the soil as uncoupled three-dimensional bilinear springs, and quasi-static loading conditions. This paper proposes a simplified macroelement designed to capture the effects of dynamic SPI in cohesionless soils subjected to arbitrary loading normal to the pipeline axis. First, we present the development of a uniaxial hysteresis model that can capture the smooth nonlinear reaction force-relative displacement curves (FDCs) of SPI problems. Using the unscented Kalman filter, we derived the model parameter κ that controls the smoothness of transition zone from linear to plastic using published empirical and experimental data. We extended this uniaxial model to biaxial loading effects, and showed that the macroelement can capture effects such as pinching and shear–dilation coupling. The model input parameters were calibrated using finite-element (FE) analyses validated by experiments. The FDCs of the biaxial model were verified by comparison with FE and smoothed-particle hydrodynamic (SPH) simulations for different loading patterns: cyclic uniaxial, 0-shaped, 8-shaped, and transient loading. Accounting for smooth nonlinearity, hysteresis, pinching, and coupling effects, the proposed biaxial macroelement showed good agreement with FE and SPH analyses, while maintaining the computational efficiency and simplicity of beam on nonlinear Winkler foundation models, as well as a small number of input parameters.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
Nguyen, Kien T.0000-0001-5761-3156
Asimaki, Domniki0000-0002-3008-8088
Additional Information:© 2020 American Society of Civil Engineers. Received: January 02, 2019; Accepted: October 30, 2019; Published online: March 18, 2020.
Subject Keywords:Sandy soils, Biaxial loads, Transient loads, Coupling, Nonlinear analysis, Parameters (statistics), Finite element method, Hysteresis
Issue or Number:6
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20200514-145101649
Persistent URL:
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:103211
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:14 May 2020 22:06
Last Modified:14 May 2020 22:06

Repository Staff Only: item control page