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Size-dependent influence of NO_x on the growth rates of organic aerosol particles

Yan, C. and Nie, W. and Vogel, A. L. and Dada, L. and Lehtipalo, K. and Stolzenburg, D. and Wagner, R. and Rissanen, M. P. and Xiao, M. and Ahonen, L. and Fischer, L. and Rose, C. and Bianchi, F. and Gordon, H. and Simon, M. and Heinritzi, M. and Garmash, O. and Roldin, P. and Dias, A. and Ye, P. and Hofbauer, V. and Amorim, A. and Bauer, P. S. and Bergen, A. and Bernhammer, A.-K. and Breitenlechner, M. and Brilke, S. and Buchholz, A. and Buenrostro Mazon, S. and Canagaratna, M. R. and Chen, X. and Ding, A. and Dommen, J. and Draper, D. C. and Duplissy, J. and Frege, C. and Heyn, C. and Guida, R. and Hakala, J. and Heikkinen, L. and Hoyle, C. R. and Jokinen, T. and Kangasluoma, J. and Kirkby, J. and Kontkanen, J. and Kürten, A. and Lawler, M. J. and Mai, H. and Mathot, S. and Mauldin, R. L., III and Molteni, U. and Nichman, L. and Nieminen, T. and Nowak, J. and Ojdanic, A. and Onnela, A. and Pajunoja, A. and Petäjä, T. and Piel, F. and Quéléver, L. L. J. and Sarnela, N. and Schallhart, S. and Sengupta, K. and Sipilä, M. and Tomé, A. and Tröst, J. and Väisänen, O. and Wagner, A. C. and Ylisirniö, A. and Zha, Q. and Baltensperger, U. and Carslaw, K. S. and Curtius, J. and Flagan, R. C. and Hansel, A. and Riipinen, I. and Smith, J. N. and Virtanen, A. and Winkler, P. M. and Donahue, N. M. and Kerminen, V.-M. and Kulmala, M. and Ehn, M. and Worsnop, D. R. (2020) Size-dependent influence of NO_x on the growth rates of organic aerosol particles. Science Advances, 6 (22). Art. No. eaay4945. ISSN 2375-2548. PMCID PMC7253163. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20200527-142816830

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Abstract

Atmospheric new-particle formation (NPF) affects climate by contributing to a large fraction of the cloud condensation nuclei (CCN). Highly oxygenated organic molecules (HOMs) drive the early particle growth and therefore substantially influence the survival of newly formed particles to CCN. Nitrogen oxide (NO_x) is known to suppress the NPF driven by HOMs, but the underlying mechanism remains largely unclear. Here, we examine the response of particle growth to the changes of HOM formation caused by NO_x. We show that NO_x suppresses particle growth in general, but the suppression is rather nonuniform and size dependent, which can be quantitatively explained by the shifted HOM volatility after adding NO_x. By illustrating how NO_x affects the early growth of new particles, a critical step of CCN formation, our results help provide a refined assessment of the potential climatic effects caused by the diverse changes of NO_x level in forest regions around the globe.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.aay4945DOIArticle
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmc7253163/PubMed CentralArticle
https://advances.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/6/22/eaay4945/DC1PublisherSupplementary Materials
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Flagan, R. C.0000-0001-5690-770X
Additional Information:© 2020 The Authors, some rights reserved; exclusive licensee American Association for the Advancement of Science. No claim to original U.S. Government Works. Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial License 4.0 (CC BY-NC). Submitted 1 July 2019; Accepted 19 March 2020; Published 27 May 2020. We thank CERN for supporting CLOUD with technical and financial resources. We thank P. Carrie, L. P. De Menezes, J. Dumollard, K. Ivanova, F. Josa, I. Krasin, R. Kristic, A. Laassiri, O. S. Maksumov, B. Marichy, H. Martinati, S. V. Mizin, R. Sitals, A. Wasem, and M. Wilhelmsson for their contributions to the experiment. We thank the tofTools team for providing programs for data analysis of mass spectrometry. This research has received funding from the EC Seventh Framework Programme and European Union’s Horizon 2020 programme (Marie Curie ITN no. 316662 “CLOUD-TRAIN,” MSCA-IF no. 656994 “nano-CAVa,” MC-COFUND grant no. 600377, and ERC project no. 692891 “DAMOCLES,” no. 638703 “COALA,” no. 257360 “MOCAPAF,” no. 227463 “ATMNUCLE,” no. 616075 “NANODYNAMITE,” no. 335478 “QAPPA,” and no.742206 “ATM-GTP”), the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (project nos. 01LK0902A, 01LK1222A, and 01LK1601A), the Swiss National Science Foundation (project nos. 200020_135307, 206620_141278, 200021_140663, and 206021_144947/1), the Academy of Finland (Center of Excellence no. 1118615, project nos. 135054, 133872, 251427, 139656, 139995, 137749, 141217, 141451, 299574, 138951, 251007, 317380, 320094, and 316114), the Finnish Funding Agency for Technology and Innovation, the Väisälä Foundation, the Nessling Foundation, the Austrian Science Fund (FWF; project no. J3951-N36), the Austrian Research Funding Association (FFG, project no. 846050), the Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology (project no. CERN/FP/116387/2010), the Swedish Research Council Formas (project no. 2015-749), Vetenskapsrådet (grant 2011-5120), the Presidium of the Russian Academy of Sciences and Russian Foundation for Basic Research (grants 08-02-91006-CERN and 12-02-91522-CERN), the U.S. National Science Foundation (grants AGS1136479, AGS1447056, AGS1439551, CHE1012293, AGS1649147, and AGS1602086), the U.S. Department of Energy (grant DE-SC0014469), the NERC GASSP project NE/J024252/1m, the Royal Society (Wolfson Merit Award), United Kingdom Natural Environment Research Council grant NE/K015966/1, Dreyfus Award EP-11-117, the French National Research Agency, the Nord-Pas de Calais, European Funds for Regional Economic Development Labex-Cappa grant ANR-11-LABX-0005-01, the National Natural Science Foundation of China, (D0512/41675145), and the Jiangsu Collaborative Innovation Center for Climate Change. M.S. acknowledges funding from the Academy of Finland (3282290) and H2020 European Research Council ERC-StG (“GASPARCON”, 714621). Author contributions: C.Y., W.N., K.L., M.E., and M.K. designed the experiments and wrote the paper. C.Y., W.N., A.L.V., L.D., K.L., D.S., R.W., M.X., and C.R. analyzed the main datasets. All other authors contributed to the design of the facility, preparation of the instruments, or data collection and commented on the manuscript. Competing interests: The authors declare that they have no competing interests. The authors declare that they have no competing interests. Data and materials availability: All data needed to evaluate the conclusions in the paper are present in the paper and/or the Supplementary Materials. Additional data related to this paper may be requested from the authors. The datasets generated during and/or analyzed during the current study are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
CERNUNSPECIFIED
Marie Curie Fellowship316662
Marie Curie Fellowship656994
Marie Curie Fellowship600377
European Research Council (ERC)692891
European Research Council (ERC)638703
European Research Council (ERC)257360
European Research Council (ERC)227463
European Research Council (ERC)616075
European Research Council (ERC)335478
European Research Council (ERC)742206
Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (BMBF)01LK0902A
Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (BMBF)01LK1222A
Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (BMBF)01LK1601A
Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF)200020_135307
Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF)206620_141278
Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF)200021_140663
Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF)206021_144947/1
Academy of Finland1118615
Academy of Finland135054
Academy of Finland133872
Academy of Finland251427
Academy of Finland139656
Academy of Finland139995
Academy of Finland137749
Academy of Finland141217
Academy of Finland141451
Academy of Finland299574
Academy of Finland138951
Academy of Finland251007
Academy of Finland317380
Academy of Finland320094
Academy of Finland316114
Finnish Funding Agency for Technology and InnovationUNSPECIFIED
Väisälä FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Nessling FoundationUNSPECIFIED
FWF Der WissenschaftsfondsJ3951-N36
Österreichische Forschungsförderungsgesellschaft846050
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia (FCT)CERN/FP/116387/2010
Swedish Research Council2015-749
Vetenskapsrådet2011-5120
Presidium of the Russian Academy of SciencesUNSPECIFIED
Russian Foundation for Basic Research08-02-91006-CERN
Russian Foundation for Basic Research12-02-91522-CERN
NSFAGS-1136479
NSFAGS-1447056
NSFAGS-1439551
NSFCHE-1012293
NSFAGS-1649147
NSFAGS-1602086
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-SC0014469
Natural Environment Research Council (NERC)NE/J024252/1m
Royal SocietyUNSPECIFIED
Natural Environment Research Council (NERC)NE/K015966/1
Camille and Henry Dreyfus FoundationEP-11-117
Agence Nationale pour la Recherche (ANR)ANR-11-LABX-0005-01
Nord-Pas de CalaisUNSPECIFIED
European Funds for Regional Economic DevelopmentUNSPECIFIED
National Natural Science Foundation of ChinaD0512/41675145
Jiangsu Collaborative Innovation Center for Climate ChangeUNSPECIFIED
Academy of Finland3282290
European Research Council (ERC)714621
Issue or Number:22
PubMed Central ID:PMC7253163
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20200527-142816830
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20200527-142816830
Official Citation:Size-dependent influence of NOx on the growth rates of organic aerosol particles. BY C. YAN, W. NIE, A. L. VOGEL, L. DADA, K. LEHTIPALO, D. STOLZENBURG, R. WAGNER, M. P. RISSANEN, M. XIAO, L. AHONEN, L. FISCHER, C. ROSE, F. BIANCHI, H. GORDON, M. SIMON, M. HEINRITZI, O. GARMASH, P. ROLDIN, A. DIAS, P. YE, V. HOFBAUER, A. AMORIM, P. S. BAUER, A. BERGEN, A.-K. BERNHAMMER, M. BREITENLECHNER, S. BRILKE, A. BUCHHOLZ, S. BUENROSTRO MAZON, M. R. CANAGARATNA, X. CHEN, A. DING, J. DOMMEN, D. C. DRAPER, J. DUPLISSY, C. FREGE, C. HEYN, R. GUIDA, J. HAKALA, L. HEIKKINEN, C. R. HOYLE, T. JOKINEN, J. KANGASLUOMA, J. KIRKBY, J. KONTKANEN, A. KÜRTEN, M. J. LAWLER, H. MAI, S. MATHOT, R. L. MAULDIN III, U. MOLTENI, L. NICHMAN, T. NIEMINEN, J. NOWAK, A. OJDANIC, A. ONNELA, A. PAJUNOJA, T. PETÄJÄ, F. PIEL, L. L. J. QUÉLÉVER, N. SARNELA, S. SCHALLHART, K. SENGUPTA, M. SIPILÄ, A. TOMÉ, J. TRÖSTL, O. VÄISÄNEN, A. C. WAGNER, A. YLISIRNIÖ, Q. ZHA, U. BALTENSPERGER, K. S. CARSLAW, J. CURTIUS, R. C. FLAGAN, A. HANSEL, I. RIIPINEN, J. N. SMITH, A. VIRTANEN, P. M. WINKLER, N. M. DONAHUE, V.-M. KERMINEN, M. KULMALA, M. EHN, D. R. WORSNOP. SCIENCE ADVANCES 27 MAY 2020: EAAY4945; doi: 10.1126/sciadv.aay4945
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:103505
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:27 May 2020 22:26
Last Modified:14 Jul 2020 16:18

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