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Detectability of axion dark matter with phonon polaritons and magnons

Mitridate, Andrea and Trickle, Tanner and Zhang, Zhengkang and Zurek, Kathryn M. (2020) Detectability of axion dark matter with phonon polaritons and magnons. Physical Review D, 102 (9). Art. No. 095005. ISSN 2470-0010. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20200624-085004879

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Abstract

Collective excitations in condensed matter systems, such as phonons and magnons, have recently been proposed as novel detection channels for light dark matter. We show that excitation of (i) optical phonon polaritons in polar materials in an O(1  T) magnetic field (via the axion-photon coupling), and (ii) gapped magnons in magnetically ordered materials (via the axion wind coupling to the electron spin), can cover the difficult-to-reach O(1–100)  meV mass window of QCD axion dark matter with less than a kilogram-year exposure. Finding materials with a large number of optical phonon or magnon modes that can couple to the axion field is crucial, suggesting a program to search for a range of materials with different resonant energies and excitation selection rules; we outline the rules and discuss a few candidate targets, leaving a more exhaustive search for future work. Ongoing development of single photon, phonon, and magnon detectors will provide the key for experimentally realizing the ideas presented here.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.102.095005DOIArticle
https://arxiv.org/abs/2005.10256arXivDiscussion Paper
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Mitridate, Andrea0000-0003-2898-5844
Trickle, Tanner0000-0003-1371-4988
Zhang, Zhengkang0000-0001-8305-5581
Zurek, Kathryn M.0000-0002-2629-337X
Additional Information:© 2020 Published by the American Physical Society under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license. Further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the published article’s title, journal citation, and DOI. Funded by SCOAP3. Received 23 June 2020; accepted 5 October 2020; published 6 November 2020. We thank Rana Adhikari, Maurice Garcia-Sciveres, Sinéad Griffin, Thomas Harrelson, David Hsieh, Stephen Lyon, Matt Pyle, and Thomas Schenkel for discussions. This material is based upon work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of High Energy Physics, under Award No. DE-AC02-05CH11231. A. M., T. T., Z. Z., and K. Z. are supported by the Quantum Information Science Enabled Discovery (QuantISED) for High Energy Physics (KA2401032). Z. Z.’s work was also supported in part by the NSF Grant No. PHY-1638509.
Group:Walter Burke Institute for Theoretical Physics
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-AC02-05CH11231
Quantum Information Science Enabled Discovery for High Energy PhysicsKA2401032
NSFPHY-1638509
SCOAP3UNSPECIFIED
Issue or Number:9
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20200624-085004879
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20200624-085004879
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:103984
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:24 Jun 2020 16:30
Last Modified:06 Nov 2020 19:34

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