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Diffusional transfer function for the scanning electrical mobility spectrometer (SEMS)

Huang, Yuanlong and Seinfeld, John H. and Flagan, Richard C. (2020) Diffusional transfer function for the scanning electrical mobility spectrometer (SEMS). Aerosol Science and Technology, 54 (10). pp. 1157-1168. ISSN 0278-6826. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20200625-112849901

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Abstract

The scanning electrical mobility spectrometer (SEMS), or scanning mobility particle sizer (SMPS), uses the differential mobility analyzer (DMA) operated in scanning mode to measure particle size distribution rapidly. To obtain the actual size distribution, the real-time transfer function (transmission efficiency of particles of different mobilities) is necessary, which has previously been investigated with numerical simulations or semi-analytical calculations. We present here a rigorous derivation of the diffusional DMA transfer function for an increasing-voltage scan based on analytically resolving particle trajectories between the instrument inlet and the outlet. This requires a 2D integration in the inlet and outlet space over the contour plot of the particle mobility distribution that can successfully transmit through the scanning DMA. For the first time, we show that the up-scan DMA transfer function for non-diffusive particles is trapezoidal (instead of triangular). The key parameter that determines the shape of the scanning DMA transfer function is the ratio of the characteristic scanning time to the average residence time, which yields the same transfer function as that for the static DMA when the ratio gets sufficiently large. The effect of particle diffusion is included via an extended outlet. The dimensionless equations for the trajectories and the method presented here can be generalized to the column DMA of any geometry.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.1080/02786826.2020.1760199DOIArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Huang, Yuanlong0000-0002-6726-8904
Seinfeld, John H.0000-0003-1344-4068
Flagan, Richard C.0000-0001-5690-770X
Additional Information:© 2020 American Association for Aerosol Research. Received 06 Mar 2020, Accepted 20 Apr 2020, Accepted author version posted online: 29 Apr 2020, Published online: 21 May 2020. We thank Huajun Mai for helpful discussion. This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. AGS-1602086.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NSFAGS-1602086
Issue or Number:10
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20200625-112849901
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20200625-112849901
Official Citation:Yuanlong Huang, John H. Seinfeld & Richard C. Flagan (2020) Diffusional transfer function for the scanning electrical mobility spectrometer (SEMS), Aerosol Science and Technology, 54:10, 1157-1168, DOI: 10.1080/02786826.2020.1760199
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:104049
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:25 Jun 2020 19:03
Last Modified:08 Sep 2020 16:37

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