A Caltech Library Service

The 16th Data Release of the Sloan Digital Sky Surveys: First Release from the APOGEE-2 Southern Survey and Full Release of eBOSS Spectra

Ahumada, Romina and Allende Prieto, Carlos and Almeida, Andrés and Anders, Friedrich and Anderson, Scott F. and Andrews, Brett H. and Anguiano, Borja and Arcodia, Riccardo and Armengaud, Eric and Aubert, Marie and Avila, Santiago and Avila-Reese, Vladimir and Badenes, Carles and Balland, Christophe and Barger, Kat and Barrera-Ballesteros, Jorge K. and Basu, Sarbani and Bautista, Julian and Beaton, Rachael L. and Beers, Timothy C. and Benavides, B. Izamar T. and Bender, Chad F. and Bernardi, Mariangela and Bershady, Matthew and Beutler, Florian and Bidin, Christian Moni and Bird, Jonathan and Bizyaev, Dmitry and Blanc, Guillermo A. and Blanton, Michael R. and Boquien, Médéric and Borissova, Jura and Bovy, Jo and Brandt, W. N. and Brinkmann, Jonathan and Brownstein, Joel R. and Bundy, Kevin and Bureau, Martin and Burgasser, Adam and Burtin, Etienne and Cano-Díaz, Mariana and Capasso, Raffaella and Cappellari, Michele and Carrera, Ricardo and Chabanier, Solène and Chaplin, William and Chapman, Michael and Cherinka, Brian and Chiappini, Cristina and Doohyun Choi, Peter and Chojnowski, S. Drew and Chung, Haeun and Clerc, Nicolas and Coffey, Damien and Comerford, Julia M. and Comparat, Johan and da Costa, Luiz and Cousinou, Marie-Claude and Covey, Kevin and Crane, Jeffrey D. and Cunha, Katia and Ilha, Gabriele da Silva and Dai, Yu Sophia and Damsted, Sanna B. and Darling, Jeremy and Davidson, James W. and Davies, Roger and Dawson, Kyle and De, Nikhil and de la Macorra, Axel and De Lee, Nathan and de Andrade Queiroz, Anna Bárbara and Deconto Machado, Alice and de la Torre, Sylvain and Dell’Agli, Flavia and du Mas des Bourboux, Hélion and Diamond-Stanic, Aleksandar M. and Dillon, Sean and Donor, John and Drory, Niv and Duckworth, Chris and Dwelly, Tom and Ebelke, Garrett and Eftekharzadeh, Sarah and Davis Eigenbrot, Arthur and Elsworth, Yvonne P. and Eracleous, Mike and Erfanianfar, Ghazaleh and Escoffier, Stephanie and Fan, Xiaohui and Farr, Emily and Fernández-Trincado, José G. and Feuillet, Diane and Finoguenov, Alexis and Fofie, Patricia and Fraser-McKelvie, Amelia and Frinchaboy, Peter M. and Fromenteau, Sebastien and Fu, Hai and Galbany, Lluís and Garcia, Rafael A. and García-Hernández, D. A. and Garma Oehmichen, Luis Alberto and Ge, Junqiang and Geimba Maia, Marcio Antonio and Geisler, Doug and Gelfand, Joseph and Goddy, Julian and Gonzalez-Perez, Violeta and Grabowski, Kathleen and Green, Paul and Grier, Catherine J. and Guo, Hong and Guy, Julien and Harding, Paul and Hasselquist, Sten and Hawken, Adam James and Hayes, Christian R. and Hearty, Fred and Hekker, S. and Hogg, David W. and Holtzman, Jon A. and Horta, Danny and Hou, Jiamin and Hsieh, Bau-Ching and Huber, Daniel and Hunt, Jason A. S. and Ider Chitham, J. and Imig, Julie and Jaber, Mariana and Jimenez Angel, Camilo Eduardo and Johnson, Jennifer A. and Jones, Amy M. and Jönsson, Henrik and Jullo, Eric and Kim, Yerim and Kinemuchi, Karen and Kirkpatrick IV, Charles C. and Kite, George W. and Klaene, Mark and Kneib, Jean-Paul and Kollmeier, Juna A. and Kong, Hui and Kounkel, Marina and Krishnarao, Dhanesh and Lacerna, Ivan and Lan, Ting-Wen and Lane, Richard R. and Law, David R. and Le Goff, Jean-Marc and Leung, Henry W. and Lewis, Hannah and Li, Cheng and Lian, Jianhui and Lin, Lihwai and Long, Dan and Longa-Peña, Penélope and Lundgren, Britt and Lyke, Brad W. and Ted Mackereth, J. and MacLeod, Chelsea L. and Majewski, Steven R. and Manchado, Arturo and Maraston, Claudia and Martini, Paul and Masseron, Thomas and Masters, Karen L. and Mathur, Savita and McDermid, Richard M. and Merloni, Andrea and Merrifield, Michael and Mészáros, Szabolcs and Miglio, Andrea and Minniti, Dante and Minsley, Rebecca and Miyaji, Takamitsu and Mohammad, Faizan Gohar and Mosser, Benoit and Mueller, Eva-Maria and Muna, Demitri and Muñoz-Gutiérrez, Andrea and Myers, Adam D. and Nadathur, Seshadri and Nair, Preethi and Nandra, Kirpal and do Nascimento, Janaina Correa and Nevin, Rebecca Jean and Newman, Jeffrey A. and Nidever, David L. and Nitschelm, Christian and Noterdaeme, Pasquier and O’Connell, Julia E. and Olmstead, Matthew D. and Oravetz, Daniel and Oravetz, Audrey and Osorio, Yeisson and Pace, Zachary J. and Padilla, Nelson and Palanque-Delabrouille, Nathalie and Palicio, Pedro A. and Pan, Hsi-An and Pan, Kaike and Parker, James and Paviot, Romain and Peirani, Sebastien and Peña Ramŕez, Karla and Penny, Samantha and Percival, Will J. and Perez-Fournon, Ismael and Pérez-Ràfols, Ignasi and Petitjean, Patrick and Pieri, Matthew M. and Pinsonneault, Marc and Poovelil, Vijith Jacob and Povick, Joshua Tyler and Prakash, Abhishek and Price-Whelan, Adrian M. and Raddick, M. Jordan and Raichoor, Anand and Ray, Amy and Rembold, Sandro Barboza and Rezaie, Mehdi and Riffel, Rogemar A. and Riffel, Rogério and Rix, Hans-Walter and Robin, Annie C. and Roman-Lopes, A. and Román-Zúñiga, Carlos and Rose, Benjamin and Ross, Ashley J. and Rossi, Graziano and Rowlands, Kate and Rubin, Kate H. R. and Salvato, Mara and Sánchez, Ariel G. and Sánchez-Menguiano, Laura and Sánchez-Gallego, José R. and Sayres, Conor and Schaefer, Adam and Schiavon, Ricardo P. and Schimoia, Jaderson S. and Schlafly, Edward and Schlegel, David and Schneider, Donald P. and Schultheis, Mathias and Schwope, Axel and Seo, Hee-Jong and Serenelli, Aldo M. and Shafieloo, Arman and Shamsi, Shoaib Jamal and Shao, Zhengyi and Shen, Shiyin and Shetrone, Matthew and Shirley, Raphael and Silva Aguirre, Víctor and Simon, Joshua D. and Skrutskie, M. F. and Slosar, Anže and Smethurst, Rebecca and Sobeck, Jennifer and Sodi, Bernardo Cervantes and Souto, Diogo and Stark, David V. and Stassun, Keivan G. and Steinmetz, Matthias and Stello, Dennis and Stermer, Julianna and Storchi-Bergmann, Thaisa and Streblyanska, Alina and Stringfellow, Guy S. and Stutz, Amelia and Suárez, Genaro and Sun, Jing and Taghizadeh-Popp, Manuchehr and Talbot, Michael S. and Tayar, Jamie and Thakar, Aniruddha R. and Theriault, Riley and Thomas, Daniel and Thomas, Zak C. and Tinker, Jeremy and Tojeiro, Rita and Toledo, Hector Hernandez and Tremonti, Christy A. and Troup, Nicholas W. and Tuttle, Sarah and Unda-Sanzana, Eduardo and Valentini, Marica and Vargas-González, Jaime and Vargas-Magaña, Mariana and Vázquez-Mata, Jose Antonio and Vivek, M. and Wake, David and Wang, Yuting and Weaver, Benjamin Alan and Weijmans, Anne-Marie and Wild, Vivienne and Wilson, John C. and Wilson, Robert F. and Wolthuis, Nathan and Wood-Vasey, W. M. and Yan, Renbin and Yang, Meng and Yèche, Christophe and Zamora, Olga and Zarrouk, Pauline and Zasowski, Gail and Zhang, Kai and Zhao, Cheng and Zhao, Gongbo and Zheng, Zheng and Zheng, Zheng and Zhu, Guangtun and Zou, Hu (2020) The 16th Data Release of the Sloan Digital Sky Surveys: First Release from the APOGEE-2 Southern Survey and Full Release of eBOSS Spectra. Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, 249 (1). Art. No. 3. ISSN 1538-4365. doi:10.3847/1538-4365/ab929e.

[img] PDF - Published Version
Creative Commons Attribution.

[img] PDF - Accepted Version
See Usage Policy.


Use this Persistent URL to link to this item:


This paper documents the 16th data release (DR16) from the Sloan Digital Sky Surveys (SDSS), the fourth and penultimate from the fourth phase (SDSS-IV). This is the first release of data from the Southern Hemisphere survey of the Apache Point Observatory Galactic Evolution Experiment 2 (APOGEE-2); new data from APOGEE-2 North are also included. DR16 is also notable as the final data release for the main cosmological program of the Extended Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (eBOSS), and all raw and reduced spectra from that project are released here. DR16 also includes all the data from the Time Domain Spectroscopic Survey and new data from the SPectroscopic IDentification of ERosita Survey programs, both of which were co-observed on eBOSS plates. DR16 has no new data from the Mapping Nearby Galaxies at Apache Point Observatory (MaNGA) survey (or the MaNGA Stellar Library "MaStar"). We also preview future SDSS-V operations (due to start in 2020), and summarize plans for the final SDSS-IV data release (DR17).

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription Paper
Allende Prieto, Carlos0000-0002-0084-572X
Andrews, Brett H.0000-0001-8085-5890
Anguiano, Borja0000-0001-5261-4336
Avila-Reese, Vladimir0000-0002-3461-2342
Badenes, Carles0000-0003-3494-343X
Barger, Kat0000-0001-5817-0932
Barrera-Ballesteros, Jorge K.0000-0003-2405-7258
Basu, Sarbani0000-0002-6163-3472
Bautista, Julian0000-0002-9885-3989
Beaton, Rachael L.0000-0002-1691-8217
Beers, Timothy C.0000-0003-4573-6233
Bender, Chad F.0000-0003-4384-7220
Bershady, Matthew0000-0002-3131-4374
Bizyaev, Dmitry0000-0002-3601-133X
Blanc, Guillermo A.0000-0003-4218-3944
Blanton, Michael R.0000-0003-1641-6222
Boquien, Médéric0000-0003-0946-6176
Borissova, Jura0000-0002-5936-7718
Bovy, Jo0000-0001-6855-442X
Brandt, W. N.0000-0002-0167-2453
Brownstein, Joel R.0000-0002-8725-1069
Bundy, Kevin0000-0001-9742-3138
Bureau, Martin0000-0003-4980-1012
Burgasser, Adam0000-0002-6523-9536
Cappellari, Michele0000-0002-1283-8420
Carrera, Ricardo0000-0001-6143-8151
Chaplin, William0000-0002-5714-8618
Cherinka, Brian0000-0002-4289-7923
Chojnowski, S. Drew0000-0001-9984-0891
Chung, Haeun0000-0002-3043-2555
Comerford, Julia M.0000-0001-8627-4907
Comparat, Johan0000-0001-9200-1497
Covey, Kevin0000-0001-6914-7797
Crane, Jeffrey D.0000-0002-5226-787X
Cunha, Katia0000-0001-6476-0576
Darling, Jeremy0000-0003-2511-2060
Davies, Roger0000-0001-7897-3812
Dawson, Kyle0000-0002-0553-3805
De Lee, Nathan0000-0002-3657-0705
de la Torre, Sylvain0000-0002-0839-2884
Drory, Niv0000-0002-7339-3170
Davis Eigenbrot, Arthur0000-0003-0810-4368
Eracleous, Mike0000-0002-3719-940X
Fan, Xiaohui0000-0003-3310-0131
Feuillet, Diane0000-0002-3101-5921
Finoguenov, Alexis0000-0002-4606-5403
Frinchaboy, Peter M.0000-0002-0740-8346
Fu, Hai0000-0001-9608-6395
Galbany, Lluís0000-0002-1296-6887
Garcia, Rafael A.0000-0002-8854-3776
Geisler, Doug0000-0002-3900-8208
Gelfand, Joseph0000-0003-4679-1058
Goddy, Julian0000-0002-8933-9574
Gonzalez-Perez, Violeta0000-0001-9938-2755
Green, Paul0000-0002-8179-9445
Grier, Catherine J.0000-0001-9920-6057
Guo, Hong0000-0003-4936-8247
Harding, Paul0000-0003-3442-6248
Hayes, Christian R.0000-0003-2969-2445
Hogg, David W.0000-0003-2866-9403
Holtzman, Jon A.0000-0002-9771-9622
Hsieh, Bau-Ching0000-0001-5615-4904
Huber, Daniel0000-0001-8832-4488
Hunt, Jason A. S.0000-0001-8917-1532
Johnson, Jennifer A.0000-0001-7258-1834
Jönsson, Henrik0000-0003-2340-588X
Jullo, Eric0000-0002-9253-053X
Kinemuchi, Karen0000-0001-7908-7724
Kneib, Jean-Paul0000-0002-4616-4989
Kollmeier, Juna A.0000-0001-9852-1610
Kounkel, Marina0000-0002-5365-1267
Krishnarao, Dhanesh0000-0002-7955-7359
Lacerna, Ivan0000-0002-7802-7356
Lan, Ting-Wen0000-0001-8857-7020
Law, David R.0000-0002-9402-186X
Lewis, Hannah0000-0002-7871-085X
Li, Cheng0000-0002-8280-3119
Lian, Jianhui0000-0001-5258-1466
Lin, Lihwai0000-0001-7218-7407
Lundgren, Britt0000-0002-6463-2483
Lyke, Brad W.0000-0002-5078-2472
Majewski, Steven R.0000-0003-2025-3147
Manchado, Arturo0000-0002-3011-686X
Maraston, Claudia0000-0001-7711-3677
Martini, Paul0000-0002-4279-4182
Masters, Karen L.0000-0003-0846-9578
Mathur, Savita0000-0002-0129-0316
Miglio, Andrea0000-0001-5998-8533
Minniti, Dante0000-0002-7064-099X
Miyaji, Takamitsu0000-0002-7562-485X
Nadathur, Seshadri0000-0001-9070-3102
Nandra, Kirpal0000-0002-7150-9192
Nevin, Rebecca Jean0000-0003-1056-8401
Newman, Jeffrey A.0000-0001-8684-2222
Nidever, David L.0000-0002-1793-3689
Nitschelm, Christian0000-0003-4752-4365
Pace, Zachary J.0000-0003-4843-4185
Padilla, Nelson0000-0001-9850-9419
Palanque-Delabrouille, Nathalie0000-0003-3188-784X
Pan, Hsi-An0000-0002-1370-6964
Pan, Kaike0000-0002-2835-2556
Percival, Will J.0000-0002-0644-5727
Perez-Fournon, Ismael0000-0002-2807-6459
Pinsonneault, Marc0000-0002-7549-7766
Povick, Joshua Tyler0000-0002-6553-7082
Prakash, Abhishek0000-0003-4451-4444
Price-Whelan, Adrian M.0000-0003-0872-7098
Riffel, Rogemar A.0000-0003-0483-3723
Rix, Hans-Walter0000-0003-4996-9069
Robin, Annie C.0000-0001-8654-9499
Roman-Lopes, A.0000-0002-1379-4204
Román-Zúñiga, Carlos0000-0001-8600-4798
Rose, Benjamin0000-0002-1873-8973
Ross, Ashley J.0000-0002-7522-9083
Rowlands, Kate0000-0001-7883-8434
Rubin, Kate H. R.0000-0001-6248-1864
Salvato, Mara0000-0001-7116-9303
Schimoia, Jaderson S.0000-0002-5640-6697
Schlafly, Edward0000-0002-3569-7421
Schlegel, David0000-0002-5042-5088
Schultheis, Mathias0000-0002-6590-1657
Seo, Hee-Jong0000-0002-6588-3508
Serenelli, Aldo M.0000-0001-6359-2769
Shafieloo, Arman0000-0001-6815-0337
Shen, Shiyin0000-0002-3073-5871
Shetrone, Matthew0000-0003-0509-2656
Shirley, Raphael0000-0002-1114-0135
Slosar, Anže0000-0002-8713-3695
Sobeck, Jennifer0000-0002-4989-0353
Souto, Diogo0000-0002-7883-5425
Stark, David V.0000-0002-3746-2853
Stassun, Keivan G.0000-0002-3481-9052
Steinmetz, Matthias0000-0001-6516-7459
Stello, Dennis0000-0002-4879-3519
Storchi-Bergmann, Thaisa0000-0003-1772-0023
Stringfellow, Guy S.0000-0003-1479-3059
Stutz, Amelia0000-0003-2300-8200
Suárez, Genaro0000-0002-2011-4924
Sun, Jing0000-0002-8226-2412
Tayar, Jamie0000-0002-4818-7885
Thomas, Daniel0000-0001-9415-5991
Troup, Nicholas W.0000-0003-3248-3097
Tuttle, Sarah0000-0002-7327-565X
Valentini, Marica0000-0003-0974-4148
Vázquez-Mata, Jose Antonio0000-0001-8694-1204
Wake, David0000-0002-6047-1010
Wang, Yuting0000-0001-7756-8479
Wood-Vasey, W. M.0000-0001-7113-1233
Yan, Renbin0000-0003-1025-1711
Yang, Meng0000-0001-9902-1722
Zasowski, Gail0000-0001-6761-9359
Zhang, Kai0000-0002-9808-3646
Zhu, Guangtun0000-0002-7574-8078
Zou, Hu0000-0002-6684-3997
Alternate Title:The Sixteenth Data Release of the Sloan Digital Sky Surveys: First Release from the APOGEE-2 Southern Survey and Full Release of eBOSS Spectra
Additional Information:© 2020. The Author(s). Published by the American Astronomical Society. Original content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 licence. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI. Received 2019 December 4; revised 2020 May 7; accepted 2020 May 11; published 2020 June 25. Funding for the Sloan Digital Sky Survey IV has been provided by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science, and the Participating Institutions. SDSS-IV acknowledges support and resources from the Center for High-Performance Computing at the University of Utah. The SDSS website is SDSS-IV is managed by the Astrophysical Research Consortium for the Participating Institutions of the SDSS Collaboration including the Brazilian Participation Group, the Carnegie Institution for Science, Carnegie Mellon University, the Chilean Participation Group, the French Participation Group, Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, The Johns Hopkins University, Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe (IPMU)/University of Tokyo, Korean Participation Group, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Leibniz Institut für Astrophysik Potsdam (AIP), Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie (MPIA Heidelberg), Max-Planck-Institut für Astrophysik (MPA Garching), Max-Planck-Institut für Extraterrestrische Physik (MPE), National Astronomical Observatories of China, New Mexico State University, New York University, University of Notre Dame, Observatário Nacional/MCTI, The Ohio State University, Pennsylvania State University, Shanghai Astronomical Observatory, United Kingdom Participation Group, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, University of Arizona, University of Colorado Boulder, University of Oxford, University of Portsmouth, University of Utah, University of Virginia, University of Washington, University of Wisconsin, Vanderbilt University, and Yale University. Co-authorship on SDSS-IV data papers is alphabetical by last name and offered to all collaboration members who have contributed at least one month FTE toward any of the surveys during the period up to the end of data collection; and any external collaboration who has contributed at least one month FTE to work critical to the data release. We would like to thank the Center for Cosmology and AstroParticle Physics (CCAPP) at the Ohio State University for their hospitality during "DocuBrew" 2019. This event held in 2019 August was the main venue for documentation updates for DR16 (including this paper), was organized by A.R., J.J., and A.-M.W and attended by R.B., J.B., B.C., K.D., S.H., A.J., J.H., K.M., J.R., J.S.-G., F.S., and M.T. (and remotely by H.J., J.B., J.H., J.S., C.G. J.C., S.A., R.T., B.L., and J.P.). Figures 1 and 2 were made by C.H. Figure 4 was made by A.R. and Figure 5 by M.V. and J.B. This research made use of astropy, a community-developed core python ( package for Astronomy (Robitaille et al. 2013), ipython (Pérez & Granger 2007), matplotlib (Hunter 2007), numpy (Walt et al. 2011), scipy (Virtanen et al. 2020), and topcat (Taylor 2005).
Group:Infrared Processing and Analysis Center (IPAC)
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Alfred P. Sloan FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Department of Energy (DOE)UNSPECIFIED
Participating InstitutionsUNSPECIFIED
NSF Astronomy and Astrophysics FellowshipUNSPECIFIED
Hungarian Academy of SciencesUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:Astronomy databases ; Optical telescopes ; Infrared astronomy ; Redshift surveys ; Galactic abundances ; Stellar spectral lines ; Stellar properties
Issue or Number:1
Classification Code:Unified Astronomy Thesaurus concepts: Astronomy databases (83); Optical telescopes (1174); Infrared astronomy (786); Redshift surveys (1378); Galactic abundances (2002); Stellar spectral lines (1630); Stellar properties (1624)
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20200626-103611474
Persistent URL:
Official Citation:Romina Ahumada et al 2020 ApJS 249 3
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:104069
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:26 Jun 2020 18:01
Last Modified:16 Nov 2021 18:28

Repository Staff Only: item control page