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Implications of the Lacking Relationship Between Cognitive Task and Self-report Measures for Psychiatry

Enkavi, A. Zeynep and Poldrack, Russell A. (2021) Implications of the Lacking Relationship Between Cognitive Task and Self-report Measures for Psychiatry. Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging, 6 (7). pp. 670-672. ISSN 2451-9022. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20200629-101953467

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Abstract

At the heart of science is measurement, and the quality of measurements determines the quality of the resulting conclusions. In psychiatric research, the most common measurement has traditionally been through self-report, using scales that assess the degree and frequency of psychiatric symptoms. However, self-report has largely been eschewed within biological and computational psychiatry for lacking the ability to provide mechanistic insights into the disorders in question. Instead, researchers now focus primarily on task-based measures of behavior combined with model-based analyses. This approach is thought to allow a deeper insight into the underlying neural and computational mechanisms whose dysfunction ultimately gives rise to psychiatric symptoms and illness. Indeed, the Research Domain Criteria framework is explicitly built around these underlying neurocognitive dimensions. The measures proposed in the framework are meant to assess the function of the underlying neural and computational mechanisms instead of or in addition to the frequency and severity of symptoms. The subjective nature of self-report, compared with the seemingly objective nature of cognitive tasks in combination with sophisticated computational models, has led many researchers to move away from the former.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bpsc.2020.06.010DOIArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Enkavi, A. Zeynep0000-0001-7040-3620
Poldrack, Russell A.0000-0001-6755-0259
Additional Information:© 2020 Society of Biological Psychiatry. Published by Elsevier Inc. Received 27 May 2020, Accepted 19 June 2020, Available online 26 June 2020. This work was supported by the NOMIS Foundation (to AZE). The authors report no biomedical financial interests or potential conflicts of interest.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NOMIS FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:measurement; psychometrics; reliability; validity; computational models
Issue or Number:7
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20200629-101953467
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20200629-101953467
Official Citation:A. Zeynep Enkavi, Russell A. Poldrack, Implications of the Lacking Relationship Between Cognitive Task and Self-report Measures for Psychiatry, Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging, Volume 6, Issue 7, 2021, Pages 670-672, ISSN 2451-9022, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bpsc.2020.06.010. (https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2451902220301646)
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:104125
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:29 Jun 2020 17:38
Last Modified:09 Jul 2021 21:33

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