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Emergent Hydrodynamics in Nonequilibrium Quantum Systems

Ye, Bingtian and Machado, Francisco and White, Christopher David and Mong, Roger S. K. and Yao, Norman Y. (2020) Emergent Hydrodynamics in Nonequilibrium Quantum Systems. Physical Review Letters, 125 (3). Art. No. 030601. ISSN 0031-9007. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20200715-154527286

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Abstract

A tremendous amount of recent attention has focused on characterizing the dynamical properties of periodically driven many-body systems. Here, we use a novel numerical tool termed “density matrix truncation” (DMT) to investigate the late-time dynamics of large-scale Floquet systems. We find that DMT accurately captures two essential pieces of Floquet physics, namely, prethermalization and late-time heating to infinite temperature. Moreover, by implementing a spatially inhomogeneous drive, we demonstrate that an interplay between Floquet heating and diffusive transport is crucial to understanding the system’s dynamics. Finally, we show that DMT also provides a powerful method for quantitatively capturing the emergence of hydrodynamics in static (undriven) Hamiltonians; in particular, by simulating the dynamics of generic, large-scale quantum spin chains (up to L=100), we are able to directly extract the energy diffusion coefficient.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.125.030601DOIArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Ye, Bingtian0000-0002-1440-7843
Machado, Francisco0000-0003-0068-5073
White, Christopher David0000-0002-8372-2492
Yao, Norman Y.0000-0003-0194-7266
Additional Information:© 2020 American Physical Society. Received 7 August 2019; revised 13 November 2019; accepted 16 June 2020; published 15 July 2020. We would like to thank Yuval Baum, Soonwon Choi, Bryce Kobrin, Gregory D. Meyer, Mark Rudner, Michael Zaletel, Canxun Zhang, and Chong Zu for helpful conversations. Krylov-subspace simulations were performed using the software package Dynamite, a wrapper for the petsc/slepc libraries [50–52,67]. This work is supported by the US Department of Energy (No. DE-SC0019241 and GeoFlow Award No. DE-SC0019380), the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, the David and Lucile Packard Foundation, and the W. M. Keck Foundation. R. M. acknowledges support from the NSF (DMR-1848336). C. D. W. gratefully acknowledges the support of the Caltech Institute for Quantum Information and Matter, a NSF Physics Frontiers Center supported by the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, and the National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship under Grant No. DGE1745301.
Group:Institute for Quantum Information and Matter
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-SC0019241
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-SC0019380
Alfred P. Sloan FoundationUNSPECIFIED
David and Lucile Packard FoundationUNSPECIFIED
W. M. Keck FoundationUNSPECIFIED
NSFDMR-1848336
Institute for Quantum Information and Matter (IQIM)UNSPECIFIED
Gordon and Betty Moore FoundationUNSPECIFIED
NSF Graduate Research FellowshipDGE-1745301
Issue or Number:3
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20200715-154527286
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20200715-154527286
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:104393
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:15 Jul 2020 23:08
Last Modified:15 Jul 2020 23:08

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