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Integrative Omics Analyses Reveal Epigenetic Memory in Diabetic Renal Cells Regulating Genes Associated With Kidney Dysfunction

Bansal, Anita and Balasubramanian, Sreeram and Dhawan, Sangeeta and Leung, Amy and Chen, Zhen and Natarajan, Rama (2020) Integrative Omics Analyses Reveal Epigenetic Memory in Diabetic Renal Cells Regulating Genes Associated With Kidney Dysfunction. Diabetes, 69 (11). pp. 2490-2502. ISSN 0012-1797. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20200805-101311520

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Abstract

Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is a major complication of diabetes and the leading cause of end-stage renal failure. Epigenetics has been associated with metabolic memory, in which prior periods of hyperglycemia enhance the future risk of developing DKD despite subsequent glycemic control. To understand the mechanistic role of such epigenetic memory in human DKD and identify new therapeutic targets, we profiled gene expression, DNA methylation, and chromatin accessibility in kidney proximal tubule epithelial cells (PTECs) derived from non-diabetic and Type-2 diabetic (T2D) subjects. T2D-PTECs displayed persistent gene expression and epigenetic changes with and without TGFβ1 treatment, even after culturing in vitro under similar conditions as non-diabetic PTECs, signified by deregulation of fibrotic and transport associated genes (TAGs). Motif-analysis of differential DNA methylation and chromatin accessibility regions associated with genes differentially regulated in T2D revealed enrichment for SMAD3, HNF4A, and CTCF transcription factor binding sites. Furthermore, the downregulation of several TAGs in T2D (including CLDN10, CLDN14, CLDN16, SLC16A2, SLC16A5) was associated with promoter hypermethylation, decreased chromatin accessibility and reduced enrichment of HNF4A, histone H3-lysine-27-acetylation, and CTCF. Together, these integrative analyses reveal epigenetic memory underlying the deregulation of key target genes in T2D-PTECs that may contribute to sustained renal dysfunction in DKD.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.2337/db20-0382DOIArticle
https://doi.org/10.2337/figshare.12749288OtherSupplementary Material
Additional Information:© 2020 by the American Diabetes Association. Received April 20, 2020; Accepted July 30, 2020.
Issue or Number:11
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20200805-101311520
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20200805-101311520
Official Citation:Integrative Omics Analyses Reveal Epigenetic Memory in Diabetic Renal Cells Regulating Genes Associated With Kidney Dysfunction. Anita Bansal, Sreeram Balasubramanian, Sangeeta Dhawan, Amy Leung, Zhen Chen, Rama Natarajan. Diabetes Nov 2020, 69 (11) 2490-2502; DOI: 10.2337/db20-0382
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:104753
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:05 Aug 2020 18:54
Last Modified:21 Oct 2020 22:47

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