A Caltech Library Service

The role of auditory feedback in the control of vocalization in the white-crowned sparrow

Konishi, Masakazu (1965) The role of auditory feedback in the control of vocalization in the white-crowned sparrow. Zeitschrift fur Tierpsychologie, 22 (7). pp. 770-783. ISSN 0044-3573. doi:10.1111/j.1439-0310.1965.tb01688.x.

Full text is not posted in this repository. Consult Related URLs below.

Use this Persistent URL to link to this item:


The song dialects of White-crowned Sparrows are maintained from generation to generation through learning of songs of the adult birds by the young. Songs are learned during a short critical time by young birds before they begin to sing. If the birds which have been exposed to a wild White-crowned Sparrow song during this critical period are deafened before they start singing, they cannot reproduce the heard song. Intact control birds produce a fair copy of the song. Regardless of whether birds have or have not learned a song during the critical period, they will develop similarly atypical songs if they are deafened before the onset of singing. Once birds have sung, the pattern of song can be maintained relatively unaltered after deafening. Although the final song patterns produced by the deaf birds were extremely abnormal, there was gradual progress toward the end forms during their development as in normal birds. However, the deaf birds failed to keep the fine structure of their songs stable. Individual differences in the general pattern of deaf birds' songs were maintained relatively unchanged at least throughout the study period. Induction of singing in the female White-crowned Sparrow by testosterone implantation revealed learning of song dialects by female individuals, which do not sing naturally in this species.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
Additional Information:© 1965 Blackwell Verlag. Received 4. 5. 1965. I am very grateful to Dr. Peter Marler for his excellent advice and practical assistance. I should like to thank Drs. P. Marler, K. Nelson, P. Winter, Misses M. Tamura, H. Schmitz and M. Studier for their generous assistance in preparing this paper. Thanks are also due to the Schering Co. for the supply of testosterone. This work was supported by a grant to Dr. Marler from the National Science Foundation.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Issue or Number:7
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20200814-164408767
Persistent URL:
Official Citation:Konishi, M. (1965), The Role of Auditory Feedback in the Control of Vocalization in the White‐Crowned Sparrow1. Zeitschrift für Tierpsychologie, 22: 770-783. doi:10.1111/j.1439-0310.1965.tb01688.x
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:104968
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:17 Aug 2020 14:47
Last Modified:16 Nov 2021 18:38

Repository Staff Only: item control page