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SCExAO/CHARIS High-Contrast Imaging of Spirals and Darkening Features in the HD 34700 A Protoplanetary Disk

Uyama, Taichi and Currie, Thayne and Christiaens, Valentin and Bae, Jaehan and Muto, Takayuki and Takahashi, Sanemichi Z. and Tazaki, Ryo and Ygouf, Marie and Kasdin, Jeremy N. and Groff, Tyler and Brandt, Timothy D. and Chilcote, Jeffrey and Hayashi, Masahiko and McElwain, Michael W. and Guyon, Olivier and Lozi, Julien and Jovanovic, Nemanja and Martinache, Frantz and Kudo, Tomoyuki and Tamura, Motohide and Akiyama, Eiji and Beichman, Charles A. and Grady, Carol A. and Knapp, Gillian R. and Kwon, Jungmi and Sitko, Michael and Takami, Michihiro and Wagner, Kevin R. and Wisniewski, John P. and Yang, Yi (2020) SCExAO/CHARIS High-Contrast Imaging of Spirals and Darkening Features in the HD 34700 A Protoplanetary Disk. Astrophysical Journal, 900 (2). Art. No. 135. ISSN 1538-4357. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/aba8f6. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20200817-123125126

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Abstract

We present Subaru/SCExAO+Coronagraphic High Angular Resolution Imaging Spectrograph (CHARIS) broadband (JHK-band) integral field spectroscopy of HD 34700 A. CHARIS data recover HD 34700 A's disk ring and confirm multiple spirals discovered by Monnier et al. We set limits on substellar companions of ~12 M_(Jup) at 0.”3 (in the ring gap) and ~5 M_(Jup) at 0.”75 (outside the ring). The data reveal darkening effects on the ring and spiral, although we do not identify the origin of each feature such as shadows or physical features related to the outer spirals. Geometric albedos converted from the surface brightness suggest a greater scale height and/or prominently abundant submicron dust at position angles between ~45° and 90°. Spiral fitting resulted in very large pitch angles (~30°–50°); a stellar flyby of HD 34700 B or infall from a possible envelope is perhaps a reasonable scenario to explain the large pitch angles.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/aba8f6DOIArticle
https://arxiv.org/abs/2007.11655arXivDiscussion Paper
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Uyama, Taichi0000-0002-6879-3030
Currie, Thayne0000-0002-7405-3119
Christiaens, Valentin0000-0002-0101-8814
Takahashi, Sanemichi Z.0000-0003-3038-364X
Ygouf, Marie0000-0001-7591-2731
Groff, Tyler0000-0001-5978-3247
Brandt, Timothy D.0000-0003-2630-8073
Chilcote, Jeffrey0000-0001-6305-7272
McElwain, Michael W.0000-0003-0241-8956
Guyon, Olivier0000-0002-1097-9908
Lozi, Julien0000-0002-3047-1845
Jovanovic, Nemanja0000-0001-5213-6207
Martinache, Frantz0000-0003-1180-4138
Kudo, Tomoyuki0000-0002-9294-1793
Tamura, Motohide0000-0002-6510-0681
Akiyama, Eiji0000-0002-5082-8880
Beichman, Charles A.0000-0002-5627-5471
Grady, Carol A.0000-0001-5440-1879
Knapp, Gillian R.0000-0002-9259-1164
Kwon, Jungmi0000-0003-2815-7774
Sitko, Michael0000-0003-1799-1755
Takami, Michihiro0000-0001-9248-7546
Wisniewski, John P.0000-0001-9209-1808
Yang, Yi0000-0002-9024-4150
Additional Information:© 2020 The American Astronomical Society. Received 2020 June 1; revised 2020 July 22; accepted 2020 July 22; published 2020 September 9. The authors would like to thank the anonymous referees for their constructive comments and suggestions to improve the quality of the paper. We thank John Monnier for authorization to use GPI-PDI images originally presented in Monnier et al. (2019). The authors are grateful to Gijs Mulders for helpful comments. This research is based on data collected at the Subaru Telescope, which is operated by the National Astronomical Observatories of Japan. This research has made use of NASA's Astrophysics Data System Bibliographic Services. This research has made use of the SIMBAD database, operated at CDS, Strasbourg, France. This research made use of Astropy, a community-developed core Python package for Astronomy (Astropy Collaboration et al. 2013, 2018). T.U. acknowledges JSPS overseas research fellowship. T.C. is funded by a NASA Senior Postdoctoral Fellowship. J.W. acknowledges funding support from the NASA XRP program via grants 80NSSC20K0252 and NNX17AF88G. S.T. is supported by JSPS KAKENHI Grant-in-Aid for Early-Career Scientists No. 19K14764. M.T. is supported by MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI grant Nos. 18H05442, 15H02063, and 22000005. E.A. is supported by MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI grant No. 17K05399. The development of SCExAO was supported by JSPS (Grant-in-Aid for Research #23340051, #26220704 & #23103002), Astrobiology Center of NINS, Japan, the Mt Cuba Foundation, and the director's contingency fund at Subaru Telescope. CHARIS was developed under the support by the Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research on Innovative Areas #2302. The authors wish to acknowledge the very significant cultural role and reverence that the summit of Maunakea has always had within the indigenous Hawaiian community. We are most fortunate to have the opportunity to conduct observations from this mountain.
Group:Infrared Processing and Analysis Center (IPAC)
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NASA Senior Postdoctoral FellowshipUNSPECIFIED
NASA80NSSC20K0252
NASANNX17AF88G
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)19K14764
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)18H05442
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)15H02063
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)22000005
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)17K05399
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)23340051
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)26220704
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)23103002
National Institutes of Natural Sciences (NINS)UNSPECIFIED
Mt. Cuba Astronomical FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Subaru TelescopeUNSPECIFIED
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)2302
Subject Keywords:Coronagraphic imaging, Protoplanetary disks
Issue or Number:2
Classification Code:Unified Astronomy Thesaurus concepts: Protoplanetary disks (1300); Coronagraphic imaging (313)
DOI:10.3847/1538-4357/aba8f6
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20200817-123125126
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20200817-123125126
Official Citation:Taichi Uyama et al 2020 ApJ 900 135
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:104981
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:17 Aug 2020 20:23
Last Modified:16 Nov 2021 18:38

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