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Uphold the nuclear weapons test moratorium

King, Jonathan and Chalfie, Martin and Chomsky, Noam and Cirincione, Joseph and Decatur, Sean and Franklin, Melissa and Gerson, Joseph and Goldenberg, David P. and Goldstein, Gary and Hartung, William and Helfand, Ira and Holz, Daniel and Kahn, Peter C. and Krimsky, Sheldon and Loechler, Edward and Moghadam, Val and Newman, Stuart A. and Ozonoff, David and Parthasarathi, Prasannan and Phillips, William and Politzer, H. David and Redwine, Robert P. and Roberts, Richard J. and Robock, Alan and Royer, Catherine Ann and Scarlata, Suzanne and Scarry, Elaine and Smoot, George F. and Socolow, Robert and Solomon, Susan and Strominger, Andrew and Sundberg, Eric J. and Sur, Mriganka and Tegmark, Max and Tierney, John F. and van der Ziel, Cornelia and VanElzakker, Michael and von Hippel, Frank N. and Wittner, Lawrence and Wortis, Henry H. (2020) Uphold the nuclear weapons test moratorium. Science, 369 (6501). p. 262. ISSN 0036-8075. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20200819-134347840

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Abstract

The Trump administration is considering renewing nuclear weapons testing (1), a move that could increase the risk of another nuclear arms race as well as an inadvertent or intentional nuclear war. Following in the long tradition of scientists opposing nuclear weapons due to their harmful effects on both humanity and the planet (2), we ask the U.S. government to desist from plans to conduct nuclear tests. During the Cold War, the United States conducted 1030 nuclear weapons tests, more than all other nuclear-armed nations combined (3). In 1996, the United States signed the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT), agreeing not to conduct a nuclear weapons test of any yield (4). The United States has not yet ratified the CTBT but did spearhead the 2016 adoption of UN Security Council Resolution 2310, which calls upon all countries to uphold the object and purpose of the CTBT by not conducting nuclear tests (5). Eight of the nine nuclear-armed states, including the five permanent members of the UN Security Council, have observed a moratorium on nuclear testing since 1998 (3, 4). The ninth, North Korea, responding to international pressure, stopped testing warhead detonations (as opposed to missile flights) in 2017 (6). If the United States ratified the CTBT, joining the 168 countries who have already done so (4), there is a good chance that the other holdout countries would ratify the treaty as well (7).


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.1126/science.abd3313DOIArticle
https://science.sciencemag.org/content/369/6501/262.2PublisherArticle
https://science.sciencemag.org/content/suppl/2020/07/15/369.6501.262-b.DC1PublisherSupplementary Materials
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Politzer, H. David0000-0002-4983-6621
Additional Information:© 2020 American Association for the Advancement of Science. This is an article distributed under the terms of the Science Journals Default License. Competing Interests: D.H., R.S., and S. Solomon are members (in an unpaid advisory capacity) of the Science and Security Board of the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. J.F.T. is affiliated with the Center for Arms Control and Non-Proliferation.
Group:TAPIR
Issue or Number:6501
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20200819-134347840
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20200819-134347840
Official Citation:Uphold the nuclear weapons test moratorium. BY JONATHAN KING, MARTIN CHALFIE, NOAM CHOMSKY, JOSEPH CIRINCIONE, SEAN DECATUR, MELISSA FRANKLIN, JOSEPH GERSON, DAVID P. GOLDENBERG, GARY GOLDSTEIN, WILLIAM HARTUNG, IRA HELFAND, DANIEL HOLZ, PETER C. KAHN, SHELDON KRIMSKY, EDWARD LOECHLER, VAL MOGHADAM, STUART A. NEWMAN, DAVID OZONOFF, PRASANNAN PARTHASARATHI, WILLIAM PHILLIPS, H. DAVID POLITZER, ROBERT P. REDWINE, RICHARD J. ROBERTS, ALAN ROBOCK, CATHERINE ANN ROYER, SUZANNE SCARLATA, ELAINE SCARRY, GEORGE F. SMOOT, ROBERT SOCOLOW, SUSAN SOLOMON, ANDREW STROMINGER, ERIC J. SUNDBERG, MRIGANKA SUR, MAX TEGMARK, JOHN F. TIERNEY, CORNELIA VAN DER ZIEL, MICHAEL VANELZAKKER, FRANK N. VON HIPPEL, LAWRENCE WITTNER, HENRY H. WORTIS. SCIENCE 17 JUL 2020: 262; doi: 10.1126/science.abd3313
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:105035
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:19 Aug 2020 21:09
Last Modified:19 Aug 2020 21:09

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