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Reducing scattered light in LIGO's third observing run

Soni, S. and Austin, C. and Effler, A. and Schofield, R. M. S. and González-Abad, G. and Frolov, V. V. and Driggers, J. C. and Pele, A. and Urban, A. L. and Valdes, G. and Abbott, R. and Adams, C. and Adhikari, R. X. and Ananyeva, A. and Appert, S. and Arai, K. and Areeda, J. S. and Asali, Y. and Aston, S. M. and Baer, A. M. and Ball, M. and Ballmer, S. W. and Banagiri, S. and Barker, D. and Barsotti, L. and Bartlett, J. and Berger, B. K. and Betzwieser, J. and Bhattacharjee, D. and Billingsley, G. and Biscans, S. and Blair, C. D. and Blair, R. M. and Bode, N. and Booker, P. and Bork, R. and Bramley, A. and Brooks, A. F. and Brown, D. D. and Buikema, A. and Cahillane, C. and Cannon, K. C. and Chen, X. and Ciobanu, A. A. and Clara, F. and Cooper, S. J. and Corley, K. R. and Countryman, S. T. and Covas, P. B. and Coyne, D. C. and Datrier, L. E. H. and Davis, D. and Di Fronzo, C. and Dooley, K. L. and Dupej, P. and Dwyer, S. E. and Etzel, T. and Evans, M. and Evans, T. M. and Feicht, J. and Fernandez-Galiana, A. and Fritschel, P. and Fulda, P. and Fyffe, M. and Giaime, J. A. and Giardina, K. D. and Godwin, P. and Goetz, E. and Gras, S. and Gray, C. and Gray, R. and Green, A. C. and Gustafson, E. K. and Gustafson, R. and Hanks, J. and Hanson, J. and Hardwick, T. and Hasskew, R. K. and Heintze, M. C. and Helmling-Cornell, A. F. and Holland, N. A. and Jones, J. D. and Kandhasamy, S. and Karki, S. and Kasprzack, M. and Kawabe, K. and Kijbunchoo, N. and King, P. J. and Kissel, J. S. and Kumar, Rahul and Landry, M. and Lane, B. B. and Lantz, B. and Laxen, M. and Lecoeuche, Y. K. and Leviton, J. and Liu, J. and Lormand, M. and Lundgren, A. P. and Macas, R. and MacInnis, M. and Macleod, D. M. and Mansell, G. L. and Márka, S. and Márka, Z. and Martynov, D. V. and Mason, K. and Massinger, T. J. and Matichard, F. and Mavalvala, N. and McCarthy, R. and McClelland, D. E. and McCormick, S. and McCuller, L. and McIver, J. and McRae, T. and Mendell, G. and Merfeld, K. and Merilh, E. L. and Meylahn, F. and Mistry, T. and Mittleman, R. and Moreno, G. and Mow-Lowry, C. M. and Mozzon, S. and Mullavey, A. and Nelson, T. J. N. and Nguyen, P. and Nuttall, L. K. and Oberling, J. and Oram, Richard J. and Osthelder, C. and Ottaway, D. J. and Overmier, H. and Palamos, J. R. and Parker, W. and Payne, E. and Penhorwood, R. and Perez, C. J. and Pirello, M. and Radkins, H. and Ramirez, K. E. and Richardson, J. W. and Riles, K. and Robertson, N. A. and Rollins, J. G. and Romel, C. L. and Romie, J. H. and Ross, M. P. and Ryan, K. and Sadecki, T. and Sanchez, E. J. and Sanchez, L. E. and Saravanan, T. R. and Savage, R. L. and Schaetzl, D. and Schnabel, R. and Schwartz, E. and Sellers, D. and Shaffer, T. and Sigg, D. and Slagmolen, B. J. J. and Smith, J. R. and Sorazu, B. and Spencer, A. P. and Strain, K. A. and Sun, L. and Szczepańczyk, M. J. and Thomas, M. and Thomas, P. and Thorne, K. A. and Toland, K. and Torrie, C. I. and Traylor, G. and Tse, M. and Vajente, G. and Vander-Hyde, D. C. and Veitch, P. J. and Venkateswara, K. and Venugopalan, G. and Viets, A. D. and Vo, T. and Vorvick, C. and Wade, M. and Ward, R. L. and Warner, J. and Weaver, B. and Weiss, R. and Whittle, C. and Willke, B. and Wipf, C. C. and Xiao, L. and Yamamoto, H. and Yu, Hang and Yu, Haocun and Zhang, L. and Zucker, M. E. and Zweizig, J. (2021) Reducing scattered light in LIGO's third observing run. Classical and Quantum Gravity, 38 (2). Art. No. 025016. ISSN 0264-9381. doi:10.1088/1361-6382/abc906.

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Noise due to scattered light has been a frequent disturbance in the advanced LIGO gravitational wave detectors, hindering the detection of gravitational waves. The non stationary scatter noise caused by low frequency motion can be recognized as arches in the time-frequency plane of the gravitational wave channel. In this paper, we characterize the scattering noise for LIGO and Virgo's third observing run O3 from April, 2019 to March, 2020. We find at least two different populations of scattering noise and we investigate the multiple origins of one of them as well as its mitigation. We find that relative motion between two specific surfaces is strongly correlated with the presence of scattered light and we implement a technique to reduce this motion. We also present an algorithm using a witness channel to identify the times this noise can be present in the detector.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription Paper
Soni, S.0000-0003-3856-8534
González-Abad, G.0000-0002-8090-6480
Pele, A.0000-0002-1873-3769
Adhikari, R. X.0000-0002-5731-5076
Arai, K.0000-0001-8916-8915
Barsotti, L.0000-0001-9819-2562
Billingsley, G.0000-0002-4141-2744
Biscans, S.0000-0002-9635-7527
Brooks, A. F.0000-0003-4295-792X
Buikema, A.0000-0001-9409-5757
Cahillane, C.0000-0002-3888-314X
Cannon, K. C.0000-0003-4068-6572
Ciobanu, A. A.0000-0002-4793-093X
Coyne, D. C.0000-0002-6427-3222
Davis, D.0000-0001-5620-6751
Dooley, K. L.0000-0002-1636-0233
Evans, M.0000-0001-8459-4499
Evans, T. M.0000-0001-5442-1300
Feicht, J.0000-0001-5223-7091
Fernandez-Galiana, A.0000-0002-8940-9261
Fritschel, P.0000-0003-1983-3187
Helmling-Cornell, A. F.0000-0002-7709-8638
Kasprzack, M.0000-0003-4618-5939
Kijbunchoo, N.0000-0002-2874-1228
Kissel, J. S.0000-0002-1702-9577
Lantz, B.0000-0002-7404-4845
Lecoeuche, Y. K.0000-0002-9186-7034
Massinger, T. J.0000-0002-3429-5025
Matichard, F.0000-0001-8982-8418
McClelland, D. E.0000-0001-6210-5842
McCuller, L.0000-0003-0851-0593
McIver, J.0000-0003-0316-1355
Mow-Lowry, C. M.0000-0002-0351-4555
Mullavey, A.0000-0002-8123-7338
Ottaway, D. J.0000-0001-6794-1591
Richardson, J. W.0000-0002-1472-4806
Rollins, J. G.0000-0002-9388-2799
Sanchez, L. E.0000-0001-6903-5736
Schnabel, R.0000-0003-2896-4218
Schwartz, E.0000-0001-8922-7794
Sigg, D.0000-0003-4606-6526
Slagmolen, B. J. J.0000-0002-2471-3828
Sun, L.0000-0001-7959-892X
Tse, M.0000-0003-1510-4921
Vajente, G.0000-0002-7656-6882
Venugopalan, G.0000-0003-4414-9918
Viets, A. D.0000-0002-4241-1428
Whittle, C.0000-0002-8833-7438
Xiao, L.0000-0003-2703-449X
Yamamoto, H.0000-0001-6919-9570
Yu, Hang0000-0002-6011-6190
Yu, Haocun0000-0002-7597-098X
Zhang, L.0000-0002-0898-787X
Zucker, M. E.0000-0002-2544-1596
Zweizig, J.0000-0002-1521-3397
Additional Information:© 2020 IOP Publishing Ltd. Received 14 August 2020; Revised 18 October 2020; Accepted 10 November 2020; Published 14 December 2020. LIGO was constructed by the California Institute of Technology and Massachusetts Institute of Technology with funding from the National Science Foundation and operates under Cooperative Agreement No. PHY-1764464. Advanced LIGO was built under Grant No. PHY-0823459. We acknowledge support from the NSF grant PHY-1806656, PHY-1505779, and PHY-1912604. We also acknowledge the discussions with the members of Detector Characterization Group of the LIGO Scientific Collaboration. For this paper, we use the data from the advanced LIGO detectors and we used the LIGO computing clusters to perform the analysis and calculations.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Subject Keywords:scattered light, LIGO, ground motion, interferometry
Other Numbering System:
Other Numbering System NameOther Numbering System ID
LIGO DocumentP2000172
Issue or Number:2
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20200901-071323982
Persistent URL:
Official Citation:S Soni et al 2021 Class. Quantum Grav. 38 025016
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:105189
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:08 Sep 2020 19:28
Last Modified:28 Oct 2022 22:58

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