A Caltech Library Service

Effect of Confinement on Capillary Phase Transition in Granular Aggregates

Monfared, Siavash and Zhou, Tingtao and Andrade, José E. and Ioannidou, Katerina and Radjai, Farhang and Ulm, Franz-Josef and Pellenq, Roland J.-M. (2020) Effect of Confinement on Capillary Phase Transition in Granular Aggregates. Physical Review Letters, 125 (25). Art. No. 255501. ISSN 0031-9007. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.125.255501.

[img] PDF - Published Version
See Usage Policy.

[img] PDF - Submitted Version
See Usage Policy.

[img] PDF (includes detailed information regarding generation of porous materials, their characterization in terms of pair correlation functions, pore size distributions, surface-surface correlations, capillary stress definition, isotherms and capillary curves...) - Supplemental Material
See Usage Policy.


Use this Persistent URL to link to this item:


Using a 3D mean-field lattice-gas model, we analyze the effect of confinement on the nature of capillary phase transition in granular aggregates with varying disorder and their inverse porous structures obtained by interchanging particles and pores. Surprisingly, the confinement effects are found to be much less pronounced in granular aggregates as opposed to porous structures. We show that this discrepancy can be understood in terms of the surface-surface correlation length with a connected path through the fluid domain, suggesting that this length captures the true degree of confinement. We also find that the liquid-gas phase transition in these porous materials is of second order nature near capillary critical temperature, which is shown to represent a true critical temperature, i.e., independent of the degree of disorder and the nature of the solid matrix, discrete or continuous. The critical exponents estimated here from finite-size scaling analysis suggest that this transition belongs to the 3D random field Ising model universality class as hypothesized by F. Brochard and P.G. de Gennes, with the underlying random fields induced by local disorder in fluid-solid interactions.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription Paper
Monfared, Siavash0000-0002-7629-7977
Zhou, Tingtao0000-0002-1766-719X
Ioannidou, Katerina0000-0001-5454-5418
Radjai, Farhang0000-0003-1376-7705
Ulm, Franz-Josef0000-0002-7089-8069
Additional Information:© 2020 American Physical Society. Received 10 August 2020; accepted 16 November 2020; published 15 December 2020. The authors would like to thank Professor Mehran Kardar (Department of Physics at MIT) for reviewing the first draft of this paper and providing very insightful suggestions, including carrying out a finite-size scaling analysis. The authors also thank Professor Emanuela Del Gado (Department of Physics at Georgetown University) for reviewing the last draft of this paper before its final version and providing critical feedback incorporated into this final version. S. M. and T. Z. also thank Professor Enrico Masoero (School of Engineering at Newcastle University) for fruitful discussions. T. Z. thanks the Drinkward Fellowship at Caltech’s Mechanical and Civil Engineering Department.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Issue or Number:25
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20200908-135709048
Persistent URL:
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:105272
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:08 Sep 2020 21:08
Last Modified:16 Nov 2021 18:41

Repository Staff Only: item control page