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Embedding PbS Quantum Dots (QDs) in Pb-Halide Perovskite Matrices: QD Surface Chemistry and Antisolvent Effects on QD Dispersion and Confinement Properties

Gaulding, E. Ashley and Chen, Xihan and Yang, Ye and Harvey, Steven P. and To, Bobby and Kim, Young-Hoon and Beard, Matthew C. and Sercel, Peter C. and Luther, Joseph M. (2020) Embedding PbS Quantum Dots (QDs) in Pb-Halide Perovskite Matrices: QD Surface Chemistry and Antisolvent Effects on QD Dispersion and Confinement Properties. ACS Materials Letters, 2 (11). pp. 1464-1472. ISSN 2639-4979. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20200925-135425481

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Abstract

Hybrid materials of metal chalcogenide colloidal quantum dots (QDs) embedded in metal halide perovskites (MHPs) have led to composites with synergistic properties. Here, we investigate how QD size, surface chemistry, and MHP film formation methods affect the resulting optoelectronic properties of QD/MHP “dot-in-matrix” systems. We monitor the QD absorption and photoluminescence throughout synthesis, ligand exchange, and transfer into the MHP ink, and we characterize the final QD/MHP films via electron microscopy and transient absorption. In addition, we are the first to globally map how PbS QDs are distributed on the micrometer scale within these dot-in-matrix systems, using three-dimensional (3D) tomography time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry. The surface chemistry imparted during synthesis directly affects the optical properties of the dot-in-matrix composites. Pb-halide passivation leads to QD/MHP dot-in-matrix samples with optical properties that are well-described by a theoretical model, based on a Type I finite-barrier heterostructure between the PbS QD and the MHP matrix. Samples without Pb-halide passivation show complicated size-dependent behavior, indicating a transition from a Type I heterostructure between the PbS QD wells and MHP barriers for small-sized QDs to PbS QDs that are electronically decoupled from the MHP matrix for larger QDs. Furthermore, the choice in perovskite antisolvent crystallization method leads to a difference in the spatial QD distribution within the perovskite matrix, differences in carrier lifetime, and photoluminescence shifts of up to 180 meV for PbS in methylammonium lead iodide. This work establishes an understanding of such emerging synergistic systems relevant for technologies such as photovoltaics, infrared emitters and detectors, and other unexplored technological applications.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.1021/acsmaterialslett.0c00302DOIArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Gaulding, E. Ashley0000-0002-1772-1993
Chen, Xihan0000-0001-7907-2549
Yang, Ye0000-0003-2827-3572
Harvey, Steven P.0000-0001-6120-7062
Beard, Matthew C.0000-0002-2711-1355
Sercel, Peter C.0000-0002-1734-3793
Luther, Joseph M.0000-0002-4054-8244
Alternate Title:Embedding PbS QDs in Pb-halide perovskite matrices: QD Surface chemistry and antisolvent effects on QD dispersion and confinement properties
Additional Information:© 2020 American Chemical Society. Received: July 7, 2020; Accepted: September 22, 2020; Published: September 22, 2020. This work is supported by the Center for Hybrid Organic Inorganic Semiconductors for Energy (CHOISE), an Energy Frontier Research Center funded by the Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences within the U.S. Department of Energy. E.A.G. acknowledges support from the Director’s Fellowship within NREL’s Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) program. Part of this work was authored by Alliance for Sustainable Energy, Limited Liability Company, the manager and operator of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, under Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308. The views expressed in the article do not necessarily represent the views of the Department of Energy or the U.S. Government. The U.S. Government retains and the publisher, by accepting the article for publication, acknowledges that the U.S. Government retains a nonexclusive, paid-up, irrevocable, worldwide license to publish or reproduce the published form of this work, or allow others to do so, for U.S. Government purposes. The authors declare no competing financial interest.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
National Renewable Energy LaboratoryUNSPECIFIED
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-AC36-08GO28308
Issue or Number:11
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20200925-135425481
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20200925-135425481
Official Citation:Embedding PbS Quantum Dots (QDs) in Pb-Halide Perovskite Matrices: QD Surface Chemistry and Antisolvent Effects on QD Dispersion and Confinement Properties. E. Ashley Gaulding, Xihan Chen, Ye Yang, Steven P. Harvey, Bobby To, Young-Hoon Kim, Matthew C. Beard, Peter C. Sercel, and Joseph M. Luther. ACS Materials Letters 2020 2 (11), 1464-1472; DOI: 10.1021/acsmaterialslett.0c00302
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:105566
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:25 Sep 2020 21:43
Last Modified:05 Nov 2020 21:12

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