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Simultaneous X-Ray and Radio Observations of the Repeating Fast Radio Burst FRB ∼ 180916.J0158+65

Scholz, P. and Cook, A. and Cruces, M. and Hessels, J. W. T. and Kaspi, V. M. and Majid, W. A. and Naidu, A. and Pearlman, A. B. and Spitler, L. G. and Bandura, K. M. and Bhardwaj, M. and Cassanelli, T. and Chawla, P. and Gaensler, B. M. and Good, D. C. and Josephy, A. and Karuppusamy, R. and Keimpema, A. and Kirichenko, A. Yu. and Kirsten, F. and Kocz, J. and Leung, C. and Marcote, B. and Masui, K. and Mena-Parra, J. and Merryfield, M. and Michilli, D. and Naudet, C. J. and Nimmo, K. and Pleunis, Z. and Prince, T. A. and Rafiei-Ravandi, M. and Rahman, M. and Shin, K. and Smith, K. M. and Stairs, I. H. and Tendulkar, S. P. and Vanderlinde, K. (2020) Simultaneous X-Ray and Radio Observations of the Repeating Fast Radio Burst FRB ∼ 180916.J0158+65. Astrophysical Journal, 901 (2). Art. No. 165. ISSN 1538-4357. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20201007-071354417

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Abstract

We report on simultaneous radio and X-ray observations of the repeating fast radio burst source FRB 180916.J0158+65 using the Canadian Hydrogen Intensity Mapping Experiment (CHIME), Effelsberg, and Deep Space Network (DSS-14 and DSS-63) radio telescopes and the Chandra X-ray Observatory. During 33 ks of Chandra observations, we detect no radio bursts in overlapping Effelsberg or Deep Space Network observations and a single burst during CHIME/FRB source transits. We detect no X-ray events in excess of the background during the Chandra observations. These non-detections imply a 5σ limit of <5 × 10⁻¹⁰ erg cm⁻² for the 0.5–10 keV fluence of prompt emission at the time of the radio burst and 1.3 × 10⁻⁹ erg cm⁻² at any time during the Chandra observations. Given the host-galaxy redshift of FRB 180916.J0158+65 (z ~ 0.034), these correspond to energy limits of <1.6 × 10⁴⁵ erg and <4 × 10⁴⁵ erg, respectively. We also place a 5σ limit of <8 × 10⁻¹⁵ erg s⁻¹ cm⁻² on the 0.5–10 keV absorbed flux of a persistent source at the location of FRB 180916.J0158+65. This corresponds to a luminosity limit of <2 × 10⁴⁰ erg s⁻¹. Using an archival set of radio bursts from FRB 180916.J0158+65, we search for prompt gamma-ray emission in Fermi/GBM data but find no significant gamma-ray bursts, thereby placing a limit of 9 × 10⁻⁹ erg cm⁻² on the 10–100 keV fluence. We also search Fermi/LAT data for periodic modulation of the gamma-ray brightness at the 16.35 days period of radio burst activity and detect no significant modulation. We compare these deep limits to the predictions of various fast radio burst models, but conclude that similar X-ray constraints on a closer fast radio burst source would be needed to strongly constrain theory.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/abb1a8DOIArticle
https://arxiv.org/abs/2004.06082arXivDiscussion Paper
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Scholz, P.0000-0002-7374-7119
Cook, A.0000-0001-6422-8125
Hessels, J. W. T.0000-0003-2317-1446
Kaspi, V. M.0000-0001-9345-0307
Majid, W. A.0000-0002-4694-4221
Naidu, A.0000-0002-9225-9428
Pearlman, A. B.0000-0002-8912-0732
Spitler, L. G.0000-0002-3775-8291
Bandura, K. M.0000-0003-3772-2798
Bhardwaj, M.0000-0002-3615-3514
Cassanelli, T.0000-0003-2047-5276
Chawla, P.0000-0002-3426-7606
Gaensler, B. M.0000-0002-3382-9558
Good, D. C.0000-0003-1884-348X
Josephy, A.0000-0003-3059-6223
Karuppusamy, R.0000-0002-5307-2919
Keimpema, A.0000-0002-5575-2774
Kirichenko, A. Yu.0000-0002-8139-8414
Kirsten, F.0000-0001-6664-8668
Kocz, J.0000-0003-0249-7586
Leung, C.0000-0002-4209-7408
Marcote, B.0000-0001-9814-2354
Masui, K.0000-0002-4279-6946
Mena-Parra, J.0000-0002-0772-9326
Merryfield, M.0000-0003-2095-0380
Michilli, D.0000-0002-2551-7554
Naudet, C. J.0000-0001-6898-0533
Nimmo, K.0000-0003-0510-0740
Pleunis, Z.0000-0002-4795-697X
Prince, T. A.0000-0002-8850-3627
Rahman, M.0000-0003-1842-6096
Shin, K.0000-0002-6823-2073
Stairs, I. H.0000-0001-9784-8670
Tendulkar, S. P.0000-0003-2548-2926
Vanderlinde, K.0000-0003-4535-9378
Additional Information:© 2020 The American Astronomical Society. Received 2020 April 13; revised 2020 August 18; accepted 2020 August 20; published 2020 October 6. We thank the Dominion Radio Astrophysical Observatory, operated by the National Research Council Canada, for gracious hospitality and useful expertise. The CHIME/FRB Project is funded by a grant from the Canada Foundation for Innovation 2015 Innovation Fund (Project 33213), as well as by the Provinces of British Columbia and Québec, and by the Dunlap Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics at the University of Toronto. Additional support was provided by the Canadian Institute for Advanced Research (CIFAR), McGill University and the McGill Space Institute via the Trottier Family Foundation, and the University of British Columbia. The Dunlap Institute is funded by an endowment established by the David Dunlap family and the University of Toronto. Research at Perimeter Institute is supported by the Government of Canada through Industry Canada and by the Province of Ontario through the Ministry of Research & Innovation. The National Radio Astronomy Observatory is a facility of the National Science Foundation operated under cooperative agreement by Associated Universities, Inc. This work is based on observations with the 100-m telescope of the MPIfR (Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie) at Effelsberg. We thank the DSN scheduling team and the Goldstone Deep Space Communication Complex (GDSCC) and the Madrid Deep Space Communication Complex (MDSCC) staff for scheduling and carrying out the DSN observations. A portion of this research was performed at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology and the Caltech campus, under a Research and Technology Development Grant through a contract with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. U.S. government sponsorship is acknowledged. A.B.P. acknowledges support by the Department of Defense (DoD) through the National Defense Science and Engineering Graduate (NDSEG) Fellowship Program and by the National Science Foundation (NSF) Graduate Research Fellowship under Grant No. DGE-1144469. B.M. acknowledges support from the Spanish Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (MINECO) under grant AYA2016-76012-C3-1-P. D.M. is a Banting Fellow. F.K. is supported by the Swedish Research Council. FRB research at UBC is supported by an NSERC Discovery Grant and by the Canadian Institute for Advanced Research. J.W.T.H. acknowledges funding from an NWO Vici fellowship. L.G.S. is a Lise-Meitner independent research group leader and acknowledges support from the Max Planck Society. M.B. is supported by an FRQNT Doctoral Research Award. P.C. is supported by an FRQNT Doctoral Research Award. P.S. is a Dunlap Fellow and an NSERC Postdoctoral Fellow. B.M.G. acknowledges the support of the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) through grant RGPIN-2015-05948, and of the Canada Research Chairs program. V.M.K. holds the Lorne Trottier Chair in Astrophysics & Cosmology and a Distinguished James McGill Chair and receives support from an NSERC Discovery Grant and Herzberg Award, from an R. Howard Webster Foundation Fellowship from the Canadian Institute for Advanced Research (CIFAR), and from the FRQNT Centre de Recherche en Astrophysique du Québec. W.A.M, T.A.P, and C.J.N acknowledge support by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory's Spontaneous Concept Research and Technology Development program. Z.P. is supported by a Schulich Graduate Fellowship.
Group:Astronomy Department
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Canada Foundation for Innovation33213
Province of British ColumbiaUNSPECIFIED
Province of QuébecUNSPECIFIED
Dunlap Institute for Astronomy and AstrophysicsUNSPECIFIED
Canadian Institute for Advanced Research (CIFAR)UNSPECIFIED
McGill UniversityUNSPECIFIED
McGill Space InstituteUNSPECIFIED
Trottier Family FoundationUNSPECIFIED
University of British ColumbiaUNSPECIFIED
David Dunlap FamilyUNSPECIFIED
University of TorontoUNSPECIFIED
Perimeter Institute for Theoretical PhysicsUNSPECIFIED
Industry CanadaUNSPECIFIED
Ontario Ministry of Research and InnovationUNSPECIFIED
NASA/JPL/CaltechUNSPECIFIED
National Defense Science and Engineering Graduate (NDSEG) FellowshipUNSPECIFIED
NSF Graduate Research FellowshipDGE-1144469
Ministerio de Economía, Industria y Competitividad (MINECO)AYA2016-76012-C3-1-P
Banting FellowshipUNSPECIFIED
Swedish Research CouncilUNSPECIFIED
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC)RGPIN-2015-05948
Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek (NWO)UNSPECIFIED
Max Planck SocietyUNSPECIFIED
Fonds de recherche du Québec – Nature et technologies (FRQNT)UNSPECIFIED
Canada Research Chairs ProgramUNSPECIFIED
Lorne Trottier Chair in Astrophysics and CosmologyUNSPECIFIED
R. Howard Webster FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Schulich Graduate FellowshipUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:Radio transient sources ; High energy astrophysics ; Neutron stars ; X-ray bursts
Issue or Number:2
Classification Code:Unified Astronomy Thesaurus concepts: Radio transient sources (2008); High energy astrophysics (739); Neutron stars (1108); X-ray bursts (1814)
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20201007-071354417
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20201007-071354417
Official Citation:P. Scholz et al 2020 ApJ 901 165
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:105851
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:07 Oct 2020 15:38
Last Modified:07 Oct 2020 15:38

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