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Almost periodic Schröder operators: A review

Simon, Barry (1982) Almost periodic Schröder operators: A review. In: Mathematical Problems in Theoretical Physics. Lecture Notes in Physics. No.153. Springer Berlin Heidelberg , Berlin, Heidelberg, p. 157. ISBN 9783540111924.

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We review the recent rigorous literature on the one dimensional Schördinger equation, H=−d²/dx²+V(x) with V(x) al most periodic and the discrete (= tight binding) analogy, i. e. the doubly infinite Jacobi matrix, h_(ij) = σ_(i,j+1) + σ_(i,j−1) + v_(iσi,j) with v_i almost periodic on the integers. Two themes dominate. The first is that the gaps in the spectrum tend to be dense so that the spectrum is a Cantor set. We describe intuitions for this from the point of view of where gaps open and from the point of view of anamalous long time behaviour. We give a theorem of Avron-Simn, Chulasvsky and Moser that for a generic sequence with Σ|a_n| < ∞, the continuum operator with V(x) = Σ a_n cos(x/2^n) has a Cantor spectrum. The second theme involves unusual spectral types that tend to occur. We describe recurrent absolutely continuous spectrum and show it occurs in some examples of the type just discussed. We give an intuition for dense point spectrum to occur and some theorems on the occurende of point spectrum. We sketch the proof of Avron-Simon that for the discrete case with V_n = λcos(2πα_n + θ) if λ > 2 and α is a Lionville number, then for a.e. θ, h has purely singular continuous spectrum.

Item Type:Book Section
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Simon, Barry0000-0003-2561-8539
Additional Information:© Springer-Verlag 1982.
Series Name:Lecture Notes in Physics
Issue or Number:153
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20201007-081705982
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Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:105863
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:07 Oct 2020 16:46
Last Modified:16 Nov 2021 18:47

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