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Supernova neutrino detection in NOvA

Acero, M. A. and Adamson, P. and Agam, G. and Aliaga, L. and Alion, T. and Allakhverdian, V. and Anfimov, N. and Antoshkin, A. and Arrieta-Diaz, E. and Asquith, L. and Aurisano, A. and Back, A. and Backhouse, C. and Baird, M. and Balashov, N. and Baldi, P. and Bambah, B. A. and Bashar, S. and Bays, K. and Bending, S. and Bernstein, R. and Bhatnagar, V. and Bhuyan, B. and Bian, J. and Blair, J. and Booth, A. C. and Bour, P. and Bowles, R. and Bromberg, C. and Buchanan, N. and Butkevich, A. and Bychkov, V. and Calvez, S. and Carroll, T. J. and Catano-Mur, E. and Childress, S. and Choudhary, B. C. and Coan, T. E. and Colo, M. and Corwin, L. and Cremonesi, L. and Davies, G. S. and Derwent, P. F. and Ding, P. and Djurcic, Z. and Dolce, M. and Doyle, D. and Dueñas Tonguino, D. and Dukes, E. C. and Dung, P. and Duyang, H. and Edayath, S. and Ehrlich, R. and Elkins, M. and Feldman, G. J. and Filip, P. and Flanagan, W. and Franc, J. and Frank, M. J. and Gallagher, H. R. and Gandrajula, R. and Gao, F. and Germani, S. and Giri, A. and Gomes, R. A. and Goodman, M. C. and Grichine, V. and Groh, M. and Group, R. and Guo, B. and Habig, A. and Hakl, F. and Hall, A. and Hartnell, J. and Hatcher, R. and Hatzikoutelis, A. and Heller, K. and Hewes, J. and Himmel, A. and Holin, A. and Howard, B. and Huang, J. and Hylen, J. and Jediny, F. and Johnson, C. and Judah, M. and Kakorin, I. and Kalra, D. and Kaplan, D. M. and Keloth, R. and Klimov, O. and Koerner, L. W. and Kolupaeva, L. and Kotelnikov, S. and Kubu, M. and Kullenberg, Ch. and Kumar, A. and Kuruppu, C. D. and Kus, V. and Lackey, T. and Lang, K. and Li, L. and Lin, S. and Lister, A. and Lokajicek, M. and Luchuk, S. and Magill, S. and Mann, W. A. and Marshak, M. L. and Martinez-Casales, M. and Matveev, V. and Mayes, B. and Méndez, D. P. and Messier, M. D. and Meyer, H. and Miao, T. and Miller, W. H. and Mishra, S. R. and Mislivec, A. and Mohanta, R. and Moren, A. and Morozova, A. and Mualem, L. and Muether, M. and Mufson, S. and Mulder, K. and Murphy, R. and Musser, J. and Naples, D. and Nayak, N. and Nelson, J. K. and Nichol, R. and Nikseresht, G. and Niner, E. and Norman, A. and Norrick, A. and Nosek, T. and Olshevskiy, A. and Olson, T. and Paley, J. and Patterson, R. B. and Pawloski, G. and Petrova, O. and Petti, R. and Plunkett, R. K. and Psihas, F. and Rafique, A. and Raj, V. and Ramson, B. and Rebel, B. and Rojas, P. and Ryabov, V. and Samoylov, O. and Sanchez, M. C. and Sánchez Falero, S. and Seong, I. S. and Shanahan, P. and Sheshukov, A. and Singh, P. and Singh, V. and Smith, E. and Smolik, J. and Snopok, P. and Solomey, N. and Sousa, A. and Soustruznik, K. and Strait, M. and Suter, L. and Sutton, A. and Sweeney, C. and Talaga, R. L. and Tapia Oregui, B. and Tas, P. and Thayyullathil, R. B. and Thomas, J. and Tiras, E. and Torbunov, D. and Tripathi, J. and Tsaris, A. and Torun, Y. and Urheim, J. and Vahle, P. and Vallari, Z. and Vasel, J. and Vokac, P. and Vrba, T. and Wallbank, M. and Warburton, T. K. and Wetstein, M. and Whittington, D. and Wickremasinghe, D. A. and Wojcicki, S. G. and Wolcott, J. and Yallappa Dombara, A. and Yonehara, K. and Yu, S. and Yu, Y. and Zadorozhnyy, S. and Zalesak, J. and Zhang, Y. and Zwaska, R. (2020) Supernova neutrino detection in NOvA. Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, 2020 (10). Art. No. 014. ISSN 1475-7516.

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The NOvA long-baseline neutrino experiment uses a pair of large, segmented, liquid-scintillator calorimeters to study neutrino oscillations, using GeV-scale neutrinos from the Fermilab NuMI beam. These detectors are also sensitive to the flux of neutrinos which are emitted during a core-collapse supernova through inverse beta decay interactions on carbon at energies of O(10 MeV). This signature provides a means to study the dominant mode of energy release for a core-collapse supernova occurring in our galaxy. We describe the data-driven software trigger system developed and employed by the NOvA experiment to identify and record neutrino data from nearby galactic supernovae. This technique has been used by NOvA to self-trigger on potential core-collapse supernovae in our galaxy, with an estimated sensitivity reaching out to 10 kpc distance while achieving a detection efficiency of 23% to 49% for supernovae from progenitor stars with masses of 9.6 M_⊙ to 27 M_⊙, respectively.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription Paper
Mualem, L.0000-0003-3716-5100
Patterson, R. B.0000-0002-5787-9517
Additional Information:© 2020 IOP Publishing Ltd and Sissa Medialab. Received 15 May 2020; Accepted 2 August 2020; Published 5 October 2020. This document was prepared by the NOvA collaboration using the resources of the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab), a U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, HEP User Facility. Fermilab is managed by Fermi Research Alliance, LLC (FRA), acting under Contract No. DE-AC02-07CH11359. This work was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy; the U.S. National Science Foundation; the Department of Science and Technology, India; the European Research Council; the MSMT CR, GA UK, Czech Republic; the RAS, RFBR, RMES, RSF, and BASIS Foundation, Russia; CNPq and FAPEG, Brazil; STFC, and the Royal Society, United Kingdom; and the state and University of Minnesota. We are grateful for the contributions of the staffs of the University of Minnesota at the Ash River Laboratory and of Fermilab.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-AC02-07CH11359
Department of Science and Technology (India)UNSPECIFIED
European Research Council (ERC)UNSPECIFIED
Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports (Czech Republic)UNSPECIFIED
Grantová Agentura České RepublikyUNSPECIFIED
Russian Academy of SciencesUNSPECIFIED
Russian Foundation for Basic ResearchUNSPECIFIED
Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian FederationUNSPECIFIED
Russian Science FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)UNSPECIFIED
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de Goiás (FAPEG)UNSPECIFIED
Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC)UNSPECIFIED
State of MinnesotaUNSPECIFIED
University of MinnesotaUNSPECIFIED
Issue or Number:10
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20201007-130710951
Persistent URL:
Official Citation:M.A. Acero et al JCAP10(2020)014
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:105895
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:07 Oct 2020 22:03
Last Modified:11 Nov 2020 23:04

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