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Extended Radio AGN at z ∼ 1 in the ORELSE Survey: The Confining Effect of Dense Environments

Shen, Lu and Liu, Guilin and Zhang, Meng-Fei and Lemaux, Brian C. and Lubin, Lori M. and Pelliccia, Debora and Moravec, Emily and Golden-Marx, Emmet and Zhou, Hongyan and Fang, Wenjuan and Tomczak, Adam and McKean, John and Miller, Neal A. and Fassnacht, Christopher D. and Wu, Po-Feng and Kocevski, Dale and Gal, Roy and Hung, Denise and Squires, Gordon (2020) Extended Radio AGN at z ∼ 1 in the ORELSE Survey: The Confining Effect of Dense Environments. Astrophysical Journal, 902 (2). Art. No. 101. ISSN 1538-4357.

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Recent hydrodynamic simulations and observations of radio jets have shown that the surrounding environment has a large effect on their resulting morphology. To investigate this, we use a sample of 50 Extended Radio Active Galactic Nuclei (ERAGN) detected in the Observations of Redshift Evolution in Large-Scale Environments survey. These sources are all successfully cross-identified to galaxies within a redshift range of 0.55 ≤ z ≤ 1.35, either through spectroscopic redshifts or accurate photometric redshifts. We find that ERAGN are more compact in high-density environments than those in low-density environments at a significance level of 4.5σ. Among a series of internal properties under our scrutiny, only the radio power demonstrates a positive correlation with their spatial extent. After removing the possible radio power effect, the difference of size in low- and high-density environments persists. In the global environment analyses, the majority (86%) of high-density ERAGN reside in the cluster/group environment. In addition, ERAGN in the cluster/group central regions are preferentially compact with a small scatter in size, compared to those in the cluster/group intermediate regions and fields. In conclusion, our data appear to support the interpretation that the dense intracluster gas in the central regions of galaxy clusters plays a major role in confining the spatial extent of radio jets.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription Paper
Shen, Lu0000-0001-9495-7759
Liu, Guilin0000-0003-2390-7927
Zhang, Meng-Fei0000-0001-8261-3254
Lemaux, Brian C.0000-0002-1428-7036
Lubin, Lori M.0000-0003-4249-5315
Pelliccia, Debora0000-0002-3007-0013
Moravec, Emily0000-0001-9793-5416
Golden-Marx, Emmet0000-0001-5160-6713
Zhou, Hongyan0000-0003-1956-9021
Tomczak, Adam0000-0003-2008-1752
Miller, Neal A.0000-0003-1076-7558
Fassnacht, Christopher D.0000-0002-4030-5461
Wu, Po-Feng0000-0002-9665-0440
Gal, Roy0000-0001-8255-6560
Hung, Denise0000-0001-7523-140X
Squires, Gordon0000-0002-1977-5717
Additional Information:© 2020. The American Astronomical Society. Received 2020 May 11; revised 2020 August 11; accepted 2020 September 2; published 2020 October 16. We thank Paolo Padovani for helpful comments and suggestions. L.S. and G.L. acknowledge the grant from the National Key R&D Program of China (2016YFA0400702), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 11673020 and No. 11421303). W.F. acknowledges the NSFC grants No. 11773024. This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under grant No. 1411943. P.F.W. acknowledges the support of an EACOA Fellowship from the East Asian Core Observatories Association. This study is based on data taken with the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array which is operated by the National Radio Astronomy Observatory. The National Radio Astronomy Observatory is a facility of the National Science Foundation operated under cooperative agreement by Associated Universities, Inc. This work is based in part on observations made with the Spitzer Space Telescope, which is operated by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology under a contract with NASA. SPIRE has been developed by a consortium of institutes led by Cardiff University (UK) and including Univ. Lethbridge (Canada); NAOC (China); CEA, LAM (France); IFSI, Univ. Padua (Italy); IAC (Spain); Stockholm Observatory (Sweden); Imperial College London, RAL, UCL-MSSL, UKATC, Univ. Sussex (UK); and Caltech, JPL, NHSC, Univ. Colorado (USA). This development has been supported by national funding agencies: CSA (Canada); NAOC (China); CEA, CNES, CNRS (France); ASI (Italy); MCINN (Spain); SNSB (Sweden); STFC, UKSA (UK); and NASA (USA). This work is based in part on data collected at the Subaru Telescope and obtained from the SMOKA, which is operated by the Astronomy Data center, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan; observations made with the Spitzer Space Telescope, which is operated by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology under a contract with NASA; and data collected at UKIRT which is supported by NASA and operated under an agreement among the University of Hawaii, the University of Arizona, and Lockheed Martin Advanced Technology center; operations are enabled through the cooperation of the East Asian Observatory. When the data reported here were acquired, UKIRT was operated by the Joint Astronomy Centre on behalf of the Science and Technology Facilities Council of the UK. This study is also based, in part, on observations obtained with WIRCam, a joint project of CFHT, Taiwan, Korea, Canada, France, and the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope which is operated by the National Research Council (NRC) of Canada, the Institut National des Sciences de l'Univers of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique of France, and the University of Hawai'i. The scientific results reported in this article are based in part on observations made by the Chandra X-ray Observatory and data obtained from the Chandra Data Archive. The spectrographic data presented herein were obtained at the W.M. Keck Observatory, which is operated as a scientific partnership among the California Institute of Technology, the University of California, and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. The Observatory was made possible by the generous financial support of the W.M. Keck Foundation. We wish to thank the indigenous Hawaiian community for allowing us to be guests on their sacred mountain, a privilege, without with, this work would not have been possible. We are most fortunate to be able to conduct observations from this site.
Group:Infrared Processing and Analysis Center (IPAC)
Funding AgencyGrant Number
National Key Research and Development Program of China2016YFA0400702
National Natural Science Foundation of China11673020
National Natural Science Foundation of China11421303
National Natural Science Foundation of China11773024
East Asian Core Observatories Association (EACOA)UNSPECIFIED
W. M. Keck FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:Radio active galactic nuclei ; Radio galaxies ; Galaxy clusters ; Radio jets
Issue or Number:2
Classification Code:Unified Astronomy Thesaurus concepts: Radio active galactic nuclei (2134); Radio galaxies (1343); Galaxy clusters (584); Radio jets (1347)
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20201016-131847697
Persistent URL:
Official Citation:Lu Shen et al 2020 ApJ 902 101
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:106115
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:16 Oct 2020 21:06
Last Modified:16 Oct 2020 21:06

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