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Relaxation of spin polarized 3He in mixtures of 3He and 4He below the 4He lambda point

Ye, Q. and Dutta, D. and Gao, H. and Kramer, H. and Qian, X. and Zong, X. and Hannelius, L. and McKeown, R. D. and Heyburn, B. and Singer, S. and Golub, R. and Korobkina, E. (2008) Relaxation of spin polarized 3He in mixtures of 3He and 4He below the 4He lambda point. Physical Review A, 77 (5). Art. No. 053408. ISSN 1050-2947. doi:10.1103/PhysRevA.77.053408.

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We report a first study of the depolarization behavior of spin polarized 3He in a mixture of 3He-4He at a temperature below the 4He lambda point in a deuterated tetraphenyl butadiene-doped deuterated polystyrene (dTPB-dPS) coated acrylic cell. In our experiment the measured 3He relaxation time is due to the convolution of the 3He longitudinal relaxation time, T1, and the diffusion time constant of 3He in superfluid 4He since depolarization takes place on the walls. We have obtained a 3He relaxation time of ~3000 s at a temperature around 1.9 K. We have shown that it is possible to achieve values of wall depolarization probability on the order of (1–2)×10^−7 for polarized 3He in the superfluid 4He from a dTPB-dPS coated acrylic surface.

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Additional Information:©2008 The American Physical Society. (Received 7 April 2008; published 20 May 2008) We thank R.P. Behringer, T. Clegg, D. Haase, G. Finkelstein, T. Gentile, M. Hayden, V. Cianciolo, P. Huffman, T. Katabuchi, H. Meyer, and A. Tobais for helpful discussions. We also thank J. Rishel for making all the glassware for these measurements and N. Boccabello, B. Carlin, J. Dunham, R. O’Quinn, P. Mulkey, and C. Westerfeld for the technical support. This work is supported in part by the School of Arts and Science of the Duke University, the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-FG02-03ER41231, and additional support from DOE.
Subject Keywords:convolution; cryogenics; helium 3-nucleus reactions; mixtures; relaxation; spin polarised transport; superfluid helium-4
Issue or Number:5
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:YEQpra08
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Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:10620
Deposited By: Archive Administrator
Deposited On:28 May 2008
Last Modified:08 Nov 2021 21:09

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