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Personality beyond taxonomy

Dubois, Julien and Eberhardt, Frederick and Paul, Lynn K. and Adolphs, Ralph (2020) Personality beyond taxonomy. Nature Human Behaviour, 4 (11). pp. 1110-1117. ISSN 2397-3374. doi:10.1038/s41562-020-00989-3.

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Human and animal behaviour exhibits complex but regular patterns over time, often referred to as expressions of personality. Yet it remains unclear what personality really is: is it just the behavioural patterns themselves, something in the brain, in the genes or perhaps all of these? Here we offer a set of causal hypotheses about the role of personality, integrating psychological and neuroscientific approaches to personality in a testable framework. These hypotheses clarify the causal and constitutive relations that personality has with genes, environment, brain, mind and behaviour, and we suggest specific experiments that can adjudicate amongst the different hypotheses. We focus on a set of models that propose that personality is instantiated in the brain, distally caused by genes and environment and, in turn, causing the overt behaviours from which it is often inferred. We argue that articulating and testing such models will be essential in a mature science of personality.

Item Type:Article
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URLURL TypeDescription ReadCube access
Dubois, Julien0000-0002-3029-173X
Paul, Lynn K.0000-0002-3128-8313
Adolphs, Ralph0000-0002-8053-9692
Additional Information:© 2020 Springer Nature America. Received 18 November 2018; Accepted 28 September 2020; Published 09 November 2020. We are grateful for feedback on this paper from the members of our laboratory and from T. Yarkoni, S. Vazire, W. Revelle and C. DeYoung. The authors are supported in part by NSF grants BCS-1840756 and BCS-1845958. The authors have no competing interests. Peer review information: Primary Handling Editor: Marike Schiffer.
Group:Tianqiao and Chrissy Chen Institute for Neuroscience
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Subject Keywords:Cognitive neuroscience; Human behaviour
Issue or Number:11
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20201109-135419046
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Official Citation:Dubois, J., Eberhardt, F., Paul, L.K. et al. Personality beyond taxonomy. Nat Hum Behav 4, 1110–1117 (2020).
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:106516
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:09 Nov 2020 22:06
Last Modified:16 Nov 2021 18:54

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