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First results on ProtoDUNE-SP liquid argon time projection chamber performance from a beam test at the CERN Neutrino Platform

Abi, B. and Abed Abud, A. and Acciarri, R. and Acero, M. A. and Adamov, G. and Adamowski, M. and Adams, D. and Adrien, P. and Adinolfi, M. and Ahmad, Z. and Ahmed, J. and Alion, T. and Alonso Monsalve, S. and Alt, C. and Anderson, J. and Andreopoulos, C. and Andrews, M. P. and Andrianala, F. and Andringa, S. and Ankowski, A. and Antonova, M. and Antusch, S. and Aranda-Fernandez, A. and Ariga, A. and Arnold, L. O. and Arroyave, M. A. and Asaadi, J. and Aurisano, A. and Aushev, V. and Autiero, D. and Azfar, F. and Back, H. and Back, J. J. and Backhouse, C. and Baesso, P. and Bagby, L. and Bajou, R. and Balasubramanian, S. and Baldi, P. and Bambah, B. and Barao, F. and Barenboim, G. and Barker, G. J. and Barkhouse, W. and Barnes, C. and Barr, G. and Barranco Monarca, J. and Barros, N. and Barrow, J. L. and Bashyal, A. and Basque, V. and Bay, F. and Bazo Alba, J. L. and Beacom, J. F. and Bechetoille, E. and Behera, B. and Bellantoni, L. and Bellettini, G. and Bellini, V. and Beltramello, O. and Belver, D. and Benekos, N. and Bento Neves, F. and Berger, J. and Berkman, S. and Bernardini, P. and Berner, R. M. and Berns, H. and Bertolucci, S. and Betancourt, M. and Bezawada, Y. and Bhattacharjee, M. and Bhuyan, B. and Biagi, S. and Bian, J. and Biassoni, M. and Biery, K. and Bilki, B. and Bishai, M. and Bitadze, A. and Blake, A. and Blanco Siffert, B. and Blaszczyk, F. D. M. and Blazey, G. C. and Blucher, E. and Boissevain, J. and Bolognesi, S. and Bolton, T. and Bonesini, M. and Bongrand, M. and Bonini, F. and Booth, A. and Booth, C. and Bordoni, S. and Borkum, A. and Boschi, T. and Bostan, N. and Bour, P. and Boyd, S. B. and Boyden, D. and Bracinik, J. and Braga, D. and Brailsford, D. and Brandt, A. and Bremer, J. and Brew, C. and Brianne, E. and Brice, S. 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J. and Wolcott, J. and Wongjirad, T. and Wood, K. and Wood, L. and Worcester, E. and Worcester, M. and Wret, C. and Wu, W. and Wu, W. and Xiao, Y. and Yang, G. and Yang, T. and Yershov, N. and Yonehara, K. and Young, T. and Yu, B. and Yu, H. W. and Yu, H. Z. and Yu, J. and Yu, Z. Y. and Zaki, R. and Zalesak, J. and Zambelli, L. and Zamorano, B. and Zani, A. and Zazueta, L. and Zeller, G. P. and Zennamo, J. and Zeug, K. and Zhang, C. and Zhao, M. and Zhivun, E. and Zhu, G. and Zimmerman, E. D. and Zito, M. and Zucchelli, S. and Zuklin, J. and Zutshi, V. and Zwaska, R. (2020) First results on ProtoDUNE-SP liquid argon time projection chamber performance from a beam test at the CERN Neutrino Platform. Journal of Instrumentation, 15 (12). Art. No. P12004. ISSN 1748-0221. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20201110-080249363

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Abstract

The ProtoDUNE-SP detector is a single-phase liquid argon time projection chamber with an active volume of 7.2 × 6.1 × 7.0 m³. It is installed at the CERN Neutrino Platform in a specially-constructed beam that delivers charged pions, kaons, protons, muons and electrons with momenta in the range 0.3 GeV/c to 7 GeV/c. Beam line instrumentation provides accurate momentum measurements and particle identification. The ProtoDUNE-SP detector is a prototype for the first far detector module of the Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment, and it incorporates full-size components as designed for that module. This paper describes the beam line, the time projection chamber, the photon detectors, the cosmic-ray tagger, the signal processing and particle reconstruction. It presents the first results on ProtoDUNE-SP's performance, including noise and gain measurements, dE/dx calibration for muons, protons, pions and electrons, drift electron lifetime measurements, and photon detector noise, signal sensitivity and time resolution measurements. The measured values meet or exceed the specifications for the DUNE far detector, in several cases by large margins. ProtoDUNE-SP's successful operation starting in 2018 and its production of large samples of high-quality data demonstrate the effectiveness of the single-phase far detector design.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-0221/15/12/P12004DOIArticle
https://arxiv.org/abs/2007.06722arXivDiscussion Paper
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Alonso Monsalve, S.0000-0002-9678-7121
Bazo Alba, J. L.0000-0001-9148-9101
Mualem, L.0000-0003-3716-5100
Necib, L.0000-0003-2806-1414
Patterson, R. B.0000-0002-5787-9517
Additional Information:© 2020 CERN. Published by IOP Publishing Ltd on behalf of Sissa Medialab. Original content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 licence. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI. Received: July 30, 2020; Accepted: October 18, 2020; Published: December 3, 2020. The ProtoDUNE-SP detector was constructed and operated on the CERN Neutrino Platform. We thank the CERN management for providing the infrastructure for this experiment and gratefully acknowledge the support of the CERN EP, BE, TE, EN, IT and IPT Departments for NP04/ProtoDUNE-SP. This document was prepared by the DUNE collaboration using the resources of the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab), a U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, HEP User Facility. Fermilab is managed by Fermi Research Alliance, LLC (FRA), acting under Contract No. DE-AC02-07CH11359. This work was supported by CNPq, FAPERJ, FAPEG and FAPESP, Brazil; CFI, IPP and NSERC, Canada; CERN; MŠMT, Czech Republic; ERDF, H2020-EU and MSCA, European Union; CNRS/IN2P3 and CEA, France; INFN, Italy; FCT, Portugal; NRF, South Korea; CAM,Fundación “La Caixa” and MICINN, Spain; SERI and SNSF, Switzerland; TÜBITAK, Turkey; The Royal Society and UKRI/STFC, United Kingdom; DOE and NSF, United States of America. This research used resources of the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC), a U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science User Facility operated under Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-AC02-07CH11359
Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)UNSPECIFIED
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (FAPERJ)UNSPECIFIED
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de Goiás (FAPEG)UNSPECIFIED
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de Sao Paulo (FAPESP)UNSPECIFIED
Canada Foundation for InnovationUNSPECIFIED
Institute of Particle PhysicsUNSPECIFIED
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC)UNSPECIFIED
CERNUNSPECIFIED
Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports (Czech Republic)UNSPECIFIED
European Regional Development FundUNSPECIFIED
Marie Curie FellowshipUNSPECIFIED
European UnionUNSPECIFIED
Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS)UNSPECIFIED
Institut National de Physique Nucléaire et de Physique des Particules (IN2P3)UNSPECIFIED
Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique (CEA)UNSPECIFIED
Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN)UNSPECIFIED
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia (FCT)UNSPECIFIED
National Research Foundation of KoreaUNSPECIFIED
CAM (Spain)UNSPECIFIED
La Caixa FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación (MCINN)UNSPECIFIED
State Secretariat for Education, Research and Innovation (SERI)UNSPECIFIED
Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF)UNSPECIFIED
Türkiye Bilimsel ve Teknolojik Araştırma Kurumu (TÜBİTAK)UNSPECIFIED
Royal SocietyUNSPECIFIED
UK Research and InnovationUNSPECIFIED
Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC)UNSPECIFIED
NSFUNSPECIFIED
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-AC02-05CH11231
Subject Keywords:Large detector systems for particle and astroparticle physics; Noble liquid detectors (scintillation, ionization, double-phase); Time projection Chambers (TPC)
Issue or Number:12
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20201110-080249363
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20201110-080249363
Official Citation:B. Abi et al 2020 JINST 15 P12004
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:106582
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:10 Nov 2020 17:13
Last Modified:04 Dec 2020 21:28

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