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Adjusting neutrino interaction models and evaluating uncertainties using NOvA near detector data

Acero, M. A. and Adamson, P. and Agam, G. and Aliaga, L. and Alion, T. and Allakhverdian, V. and Anfimov, N. and Antoshkin, A. and Asquith, L. and Aurisano, A. and Back, A. and Backhouse, C. and Baird, M. and Balashov, N. and Baldi, P. and Bambah, B. A. and Bashar, S. and Bays, K. and Bending, S. and Bernstein, R. and Bhatnagar, V. and Bhuyan, B. and Bian, J. and Blair, J. and Booth, A. C. and Bour, P. and Bowles, R. and Bromberg, C. and Buchanan, N. and Butkevich, A. and Calvez, S. and Carroll, T. J. and Catano-Mur, E. and Childress, S. and Choudhary, B. C. and Coan, T. E. and Colo, M. and Corwin, L. and Cremonesi, L. and Davies, G. S. and Derwent, P. F. and Ding, P. and Djurcic, Z. and Doyle, D. and Dukes, E. C. and Dung, P. and Duyang, H. and Edayath, S. and Ehrlich, R. and Elkins, M. and Feldman, G. J. and Filip, P. and Flanagan, W. and Franc, J. and Frank, M. J. and Gallagher, H. R. and Gandrajula, R. and Gao, F. and Germani, S. and Giri, A. and Gomes, R. A. and Goodman, M. C. and Grichine, V. and Groh, M. and Group, R. and Guo, B. and Habig, A. and Hakl, F. and Hartnell, J. and Hatcher, R. and Hatzikoutelis, A. and Heller, K. and Hewes, J. and Himmel, A. and Holin, A. and Howard, B. and Huang, J. and Hylen, J. and Jediny, F. and Johnson, C. and Judah, M. and Kakorin, I. and Kalra, D. and Kaplan, D. M. and Keloth, R. and Klimov, O. and Koerner, L. W. and Kolupaeva, L. and Kotelnikov, S. and Kullenberg, Ch. and Kumar, A. and Kuruppu, C. D. and Kus, V. and Lackey, T. and Lang, K. and Li, L. and Lin, S. and Lokajicek, M. and Luchuk, S. and Maan, K. and Magill, S. and Mann, W. A. and Marshak, M. L. and Martinez-Casales, M. and Matveev, V. and Mayes, B. and Méndez, D. P. and Messier, M. D. and Meyer, H. and Miao, T. and Miller, W. H. and Mishra, S. R. and Mislivec, A. and Mohanta, R. and Moren, A. and Morozova, A. and Mualem, L. and Muether, M. and Mufson, S. and Mulder, K. and Murphy, R. and Musser, J. and Naples, D. and Nayak, N. and Nelson, J. K. and Nichol, R. and Nikseresht, G. and Niner, E. and Norman, A. and Norrick, A. and Nosek, T. and Olshevskiy, A. and Olson, T. and Paley, J. and Patterson, R. B. and Pawloski, G. and Petrova, O. and Petti, R. and Plunkett, R. K. and Rafique, A. and Psihas, F. and Radovic, A. and Raj, V. and Ramson, B. and Rebel, B. and Rojas, P. and Ryabov, V. and Samoylov, O. and Sanchez, M. C. and Sánchez Falero, S. and Seong, I. S. and Shanahan, P. and Sheshukov, A. and Singh, P. and Singh, V. and Smith, E. and Smolik, J. and Snopok, P. and Solomey, N. and Sousa, A. and Soustruznik, K. and Strait, M. and Suter, L. and Sutton, A. and Sweeney, C. and Talaga, R. L. and Tapia Oregui, B. and Tas, P. and Thayyullathil, R. B. and Thomas, J. and Tiras, E. and Torbunov, D. and Tripathi, J. and Torun, Y. and Urheim, J. and Vahle, P. and Vallari, Z. and Vasel, J. and Vokac, P. and Vrba, T. and Wallbank, M. and Warburton, T. K. and Wetstein, M. and Whittington, D. and Wojcicki, S. G. and Wolcott, J. and Yallappa Dombara, A. and Yonehara, K. and Yu, S. and Yu, Y. and Zadorozhnyy, S. and Zalesak, J. and Zhang, Y. and Zwaska, R. (2020) Adjusting neutrino interaction models and evaluating uncertainties using NOvA near detector data. European Physical Journal C, 80 (12). Art. No. 1119. ISSN 1434-6044.

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The two-detector design of the NOvA neutrino oscillation experiment, in which two functionally identical detectors are exposed to an intense neutrino beam, aids in canceling leading order effects of cross-section uncertainties. However, limited knowledge of neutrino interaction cross sections still gives rise to some of the largest systematic uncertainties in current oscillation measurements. We show contemporary models of neutrino interactions to be discrepant with data from NOvA, consistent with discrepancies seen in other experiments. Adjustments to neutrino interaction models in GENIE are presented, creating an effective model that improves agreement with our data. We also describe systematic uncertainties on these models, including uncertainties on multi-nucleon interactions from a newly developed procedure using NOvA near detector data.

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Mualem, L.0000-0003-3716-5100
Patterson, R. B.0000-0002-5787-9517
Additional Information:© The Author(s) 2020. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit Funded by SCOAP3. Received 17 June 2020; Accepted 19 October 2020; Published 04 December 2020. This document was prepared by the NOvA collaboration using the resources of the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab), a U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, HEP User Facility. Fermilab is managed by Fermi Research Alliance, LLC (FRA), acting under Contract No. DE-AC02-07CH11359. This work was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy; the U.S. National Science Foundation; the Department of Science and Technology, India; the European Research Council; the MSMT CR, GA UK, Czech Republic; the RAS, RFBR, RMES, RSF, and BASIS Foundation, Russia; CNPq and FAPEG, Brazil; STFC, and the Royal Society, United Kingdom; and the state and University of Minnesota. This work used resources of the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC), a U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science User Facility operated under Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231. We are grateful for the contributions of the staffs of the University of Minnesota at the Ash River Laboratory and of Fermilab. Data Availability Statement: This manuscript has no associated data or the data will not be deposited. [Authors’ comment: The data generated during and/or analysed during the current study are available from the corresponding author upon reasonable request and Collaboration approval. The code used to produce the adjustments to GENIE 2.12.2 described herein is available at]
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-AC02-07CH11359
Department of Science and Technology (India)UNSPECIFIED
European Research Council (ERC)UNSPECIFIED
Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports (Czech Republic)UNSPECIFIED
Charles University Grant Agency (GA UK)UNSPECIFIED
Russian Academy of SciencesUNSPECIFIED
Russian Foundation for Basic ResearchUNSPECIFIED
Russian Ministry of Education and ScienceUNSPECIFIED
Russian Science FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)UNSPECIFIED
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de Goiás (FAPEG) UNSPECIFIED
Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC)UNSPECIFIED
State of MinnesotaUNSPECIFIED
University of MinnesotaUNSPECIFIED
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-AC02-05CH11231
Issue or Number:12
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20201111-144341066
Persistent URL:
Official Citation:Acero, M.A., Adamson, P., Agam, G. et al. Adjusting neutrino interaction models and evaluating uncertainties using NOvA near detector data. Eur. Phys. J. C 80, 1119 (2020).
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:106631
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:11 Nov 2020 23:00
Last Modified:07 Dec 2020 22:06

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