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Revisiting the Θ Point

Zhang, Pengfei and Alsaifi, Nayef M. and Wang, Zhen-Gang (2020) Revisiting the Θ Point. Macromolecules, 53 (23). pp. 10409-10420. ISSN 0024-9297. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20201116-151452336

[img] PDF (Derivation of B2 within the first-order perturbation theory; diagrams used to calculate the first-order correction of ⟨Re2⟩ and ⟨Rg2⟩; contribution due to part (j) of Figure S2; expression for δ⟨Re2(i,j;N)⟩ from the first-order perturbation theory...) - Supplemental Material
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Abstract

Using the first-order perturbation theory, we compute the osmotic second and third virial coefficients, the mean-square end-to-end distance ⟨R_e²⟩, and the mean-square radius of gyration ⟨R_g²⟩ of a polymer near the Θ point. Our model is based on the discrete Gaussian chain model and includes a square-gradient term accounting for the finite-range interaction (characterized by κ), in addition to the usual monomer second and third virial coefficients (characterized by v and w, respectively). The use of the discrete model avoids the divergence problems encountered in previous studies using the continuous model. Our study identifies four special temperatures in the Θ regime: the temperature Θ_N where the osmotic second virial coefficient vanishes, the critical temperature Θ_N^(cr) for phase separation, and two compensation temperatures Θ_N^((e)) and Θ_N^((g)) at which ⟨R_e²⟩ and ⟨R_g²⟩ reach their respective ideal values. In the infinite chain-length limit N → ∞, all of these four temperatures approach Θ∞, the Θ temperature for the infinitely long chain. These temperatures differ from each other by terms of order N^(–1/2). In general, these temperatures follow the order Θ_N > Θ_N^(cr) and Θ_N > Θ_N^((e)) > Θ_N^((g)). Furthermore, Θ_N > Θ∞, in agreement with the result obtained by Khokhlov some time ago. On the other hand, depending on the ratio w/κb, Θ∞ can be higher than Θ_N^((e)) (for w/κb < 9.45), lower than Θ_N^((g)) (for w/κb > 11.63), or in between Θ_N^((e)) and Θ_N^((g)) (for 9.45 < w/κb < 11.63). Θ_N^(cr) can be either higher or lower than Θ∞ depending on whether w/b⁶ is larger or smaller than 0.574. From the order of these temperatures, we conclude that the chain is mostly expanded relative to the ideal chain at its Θ_N. However, at Θ∞, the chain can be either expanded or contracted, depending on the relative position of Θ∞ with respect to Θ_N^((e)) and Θ_N^((g)) and depending on whether the chain dimension is measured by ⟨R_e²⟩ or ⟨R_g²⟩.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.macromol.0c01317DOIArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Zhang, Pengfei0000-0002-4226-1394
Alsaifi, Nayef M.0000-0003-3232-6411
Wang, Zhen-Gang0000-0002-3361-6114
Additional Information:© 2020 American Chemical Society. Received: June 4, 2020; Revised: September 27, 2020; Published: November 16, 2020. This work was conducted jointly by King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals (KFUPM), Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, and California Institute of Technology (Caltech) under a collaborative research program in catalysis. The authors gratefully acknowledge the support provided by KFUPM and Caltech. Pengfei Zhang also acknowledges the financial support provided by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (21803011 and 22073016). The authors declare no competing financial interest.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals (KFUPM)UNSPECIFIED
CaltechUNSPECIFIED
National Natural Science Foundation of China21803011
National Natural Science Foundation of China22073016
Issue or Number:23
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20201116-151452336
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20201116-151452336
Official Citation:Revisiting the Θ Point. Pengfei Zhang, Nayef M. Alsaifi, and Zhen-Gang Wang. Macromolecules 2020 53 (23), 10409-10420; DOI: 10.1021/acs.macromol.0c01317
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:106683
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:16 Nov 2020 23:39
Last Modified:09 Dec 2020 20:10

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