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Distinct slab interfaces imaged within the mantle transition zone

Wang, Xin and Chen, Qi-Fu and Niu, Fenglin and Wei, Shengji and Ning, Jieyuan and Li, Juan and Wang, Weijun and Buchen, Johannes and Liu, Lijun (2020) Distinct slab interfaces imaged within the mantle transition zone. Nature Geoscience, 13 (12). pp. 822-827. ISSN 1752-0894. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20201130-080903173

[img] PDF (Supplementary Sections 1–6 and Figs. 1–12) - Supplemental Material
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[img] Image (JPEG) (Extended Data Fig. 1: Seismic stations and earthquakes used in this study) - Supplemental Material
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[img] Image (JPEG) (Extended Data Fig. 2: Comparison of CCP stacking images and the tomography studies) - Supplemental Material
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[img] Image (JPEG) (Extended Data Fig. 3: Comparison of CCP stacking images and the tomography studies) - Supplemental Material
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[img] Image (JPEG) (Extended Data Fig. 4: Cross-correlation analyze of the phases X1 and X2 and the slab-related fast-velocity anomaly contours in tomographic studies) - Supplemental Material
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[img] Image (JPEG) (Extended Data Fig. 5: Multi-frequency receiver function waveform modeling) - Supplemental Material
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[img] Image (JPEG) (Extended Data Fig. 6: Multi-frequency receiver function waveform modeling results for both the synthetic data and observation) - Supplemental Material
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[img] Image (JPEG) (Extended Data Fig. 8: Estimated topography of wadsleyite-ringwoodite phase transition based on thermal anomalies from tomography models) - Supplemental Material
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[img] Image (JPEG) (Extended Data Fig. 9: Comparison of different models for interpreting the observed Phase X2) - Supplemental Material
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Abstract

Oceanic lithosphere descends into Earth’s mantle at subduction zones and drives material exchange between Earth’s surface and its deep interior. The subduction process creates chemical and thermal heterogeneities in the mantle, with the strongest gradients located at the interfaces between subducted slabs and the surrounding mantle. Seismic imaging of slab interfaces is key to understanding slab compositional layering, deep-water cycling and melting, yet the existence of slab interfaces below 200 km remains unconfirmed. Here, we observe two sharp and slightly dipping seismic discontinuities within the mantle transition zone beneath the western Pacific subduction zone that coincide spatially with the upper and lower bounds of the high-velocity slab. Based on a multi-frequency receiver function waveform modelling, we found the upper discontinuity to be consistent with the Mohorovičić discontinuity of the subducted oceanic lithosphere in the mantle transition zone. The lower discontinuity could be caused by partial melting of sub-slab asthenosphere under hydrous conditions in the seaward portion of the slab. Our observations show distinct slab–mantle boundaries at depths between 410 and 660 km, deeper than previously observed, suggesting a compositionally layered slab and high water contents beneath the slab.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.1038/s41561-020-00653-5DOIArticle
https://rdcu.be/cbuOUPublisherFree ReadCube access
https://doi.org/10.11998/SeisDmc/SNDOISeismic data
https://doi.org/10.7914/SN/YP_2009DOINECESSArray data
https://doi.org/10.12129/IGGSL.Data.ObservationDOIWaveforms of the NECsaids data
ftp://159.226.119.161/data/NECsaids/RF2020Related ItemWaveforms of the NECsaids data
https://doi.org/10.12197/2020GA012DOIRaw multi-frequency (with Gaussian low-pass filters of 0.5, 0.75, 1.0 or 1.5) receiver function waveform data
ftp://159.226.119.161/data/NECsaids/RF2020Related ItemRaw multi-frequency (with Gaussian low-pass filters of 0.5, 0.75, 1.0 or 1.5) receiver function waveform data
http://www.eas.slu.edu/People/LZhu/home.htmlRelated ItemRF CCP stacking code
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Wang, Xin0000-0002-6180-0058
Chen, Qi-Fu0000-0001-7992-7930
Niu, Fenglin0000-0002-4156-4780
Wang, Weijun0000-0001-5606-3893
Buchen, Johannes0000-0001-5671-5214
Additional Information:© 2020 Nature Publishing Group. Received 22 October 2018; Accepted 30 September 2020; Published 09 November 2020. We thank L. Chen, H. Kawakatsu, T.-R. A. Song, S. P. Grand, J. Yang and J. Hu for numerous discussions during this work. We thank all the people who installed and service the NECsaids array. We also thank V. Lambert and P. Adamek for linguistic suggestions. This study was supported by the Strategic Priority Research Program (B) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (grant number XDB18000000) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (grant numbers 91958209, 41974057, 41130316 and 41630209). J.B. was supported by the National Science Foundation’s Collaborative Study of Earth’s Deep Interior (EAR-1161046 and EAR-2009935). Data availability: Seismic data from CSN were provided by the Data Management Center of China National Seismic Network at Institute of Geophysics, China Earthquake Administration (https://doi.org/10.11998/SeisDmc/SN, http://www.seisdmc.ac.cn, registration is required to download the data, in Chinese). The NECESSArray data were downloaded through the Incorporated Research Institutions for Seismology (https://doi.org/10.7914/SN/YP_2009). Waveforms of the NECsaids data are deposited in the Seismic Array Laboratory, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences (https://doi.org/10.12129/IGGSL.Data.Observation, http://www.seislab.cn) and can be downloaded via ftp://159.226.119.161/data/NECsaids/RF2020. The Seismic Array Laboratory will make the NECsaids Array data publicly available from October 2021 (three years after the completion of the NECsaids project). In addition, the raw multi-frequency (with Gaussian low-pass filters of 0.5, 0.75, 1.0 or 1.5) receiver function waveform data (2.7Gb) obtained in this study can be downloaded either from https://doi.org/10.12197/2020GA012 (World Data System for Geophysics; http://www.geophys.ac.cn) or from ftp://159.226.119.161/data/NECsaids/RF2020. Code availability: The RF CCP stacking code was downloaded from http://www.eas.slu.edu/People/LZhu/home.html. The other codes used in this paper are available upon request from the corresponding authors. Author Contributions: X.W. and Q-F.C. designed the research. X.W. conducted the seismic analysis. X.W., Q-F.C., F.N., J.B. and L.L. contributed to the interpretation of seismic observations. X.W. wrote the manuscript, and all co-authors discussed the results and commented on the manuscript. The authors declare no competing interests. Peer review information: Primary Handling Editors: Stefan Lachowycz; Melissa Plail.
Group:Seismological Laboratory
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Chinese Academy of SciencesXDB18000000
National Natural Science Foundation of China91958209
National Natural Science Foundation of China41974057
National Natural Science Foundation of China41130316
National Natural Science Foundation of China41630209
NSFEAR-1161046
NSFEAR-2009935
Subject Keywords:Seismology; Tectonics
Issue or Number:12
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20201130-080903173
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20201130-080903173
Official Citation:Wang, X., Chen, QF., Niu, F. et al. Distinct slab interfaces imaged within the mantle transition zone. Nat. Geosci. 13, 822–827 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41561-020-00653-5
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:106838
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:02 Dec 2020 19:45
Last Modified:03 Dec 2020 22:56

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