A Caltech Library Service

On the starting vortex generated by a translating and rotating flat plate

Pullin, D. I. and Sader, John E. (2021) On the starting vortex generated by a translating and rotating flat plate. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 906 . Art. No. A9. ISSN 0022-1120.

Full text is not posted in this repository. Consult Related URLs below.

Use this Persistent URL to link to this item:


We consider the trailing-edge vortex produced in an inviscid fluid by the start-up motion of a two-dimensional flat plate. A general starting motion is studied that includes the initial angle-of-attack of the plate (which may be zero), individual time power laws for plate translational and rotational speeds and the pivot position for plate rotation. A vortex-sheet representation for a start-up separated flow at the trailing edge is developed whose time-wise evolution is described by a Birkhoff–Rott equation coupled to an appropriate Kutta condition. This description includes convection by the outer flow, rotation and vortex-image self-induction. It admits a power-law similarity solution for the (small-time) primitive vortex, leading to an equation set where each term carries its own time-wise power-law factor. A set of four general plate motions is defined. Dominant-balance analysis of this set leads to discovery of three distinct start-up vortex-structure types that form the basis for all vortex motion. The properties of each type are developed in detail for some special cases. Numerical and analytical solutions are described and transition between solution types is discussed. Singular and degenerate vortex behaviour is discovered which may be due to the absence of fluid viscosity. An interesting case is start-up motion with zero initial angle of attack coupled to power-law plate rotation for which time-series examples are given that can be compared to high Reynolds number viscous flows.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
Sader, John E.0000-0002-7096-0627
Additional Information:© 2020 The Author(s). Published by Cambridge University Press. Received 21 April 2020; revised 22 July 2020; accepted 8 September 2020. The authors thank T. Colonius and T. Leonard for stimulating discussion. J.E.S. acknowledges support from the Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence in Exciton Science (CE170100026) and the Australian Research Council grants scheme.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Australian Research CouncilCE170100026
Subject Keywords:vortex dynamics, vortex shedding
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20201130-084522897
Persistent URL:
Official Citation:Pullin, D., & Sader, J. (2021). On the starting vortex generated by a translating and rotating flat plate. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 906, A9. doi:10.1017/jfm.2020.762
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:106839
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:02 Dec 2020 19:42
Last Modified:02 Dec 2020 19:42

Repository Staff Only: item control page