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Upconversion Plasmonic Lasing from an Organolead Trihalide Perovskite Nanocrystal with Low Threshold

Lu, Yu-Jung and Shen, Teng Lam and Peng, Kang-Ning and Cheng, Pi-Ju and Chang, Shu-Wei and Lu, Ming-Yen and Chu, Chih Wei and Guo, Tzung-Fang and Atwater, Harry A. (2021) Upconversion Plasmonic Lasing from an Organolead Trihalide Perovskite Nanocrystal with Low Threshold. ACS Photonics, 8 (1). pp. 335-342. ISSN 2330-4022.

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The understanding of nonlinear light–matter interactions at the nanoscale has fueled worldwide interest in upconversion emission for imaging, lasing, and sensing. Upconversion lasers with anti-Stokes-type emission with various designs have been reported. However, reducing the volume and lasing threshold of such lasers to the nanoscale level is a fundamental photonics challenge. Here, we demonstrate that the upconversion efficiency can be improved by exploiting single-mode upconversion lasing from a single organo-lead halide perovskite nanocrystal in a resonance-adjustable plasmonic nanocavity. This upconversion plasmonic nanolaser has a very low lasing threshold (10 μJ cm⁻²) and a calculated ultrasmall mode volume (∼0.06 λ³) at 6 K. To provide the unique feature for lasing action, a temporal coherence signature of the upconversion plasmonic nanolasing was determined by measuring the second-order correlation function. The localized-electromagnetic-field confinement can be tailored in titanium nitride resonance-adjustable nanocavities, enhancing the pump-photon absorption and upconverted photon emission rate to achieve lasing. The proof-of-concept results significantly expand the performance of upconversion nanolasers, which are useful in applications such as on-chip, coherent, nonlinear optics, information processing, data storage, and sensing.

Item Type:Article
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URLURL TypeDescription
Lu, Yu-Jung0000-0002-3932-653X
Lu, Ming-Yen0000-0003-1788-1425
Chu, Chih Wei0000-0003-0979-1729
Atwater, Harry A.0000-0001-9435-0201
Additional Information:© 2020 American Chemical Society. Received 12 October 2020. Published online 27 December 2020. We thank Prof. Mikhail A. Noginov, Prof. Shangjr Gwo and Dr. Ruzan Sokhoyan for useful suggestions. The authors would like to thank Wen-Hui Cheng, Jing-Shun Huang, Cora Went, Wei-Hsiang Lin, Anya Mitskovets, and Meng-Ju Yu for useful discussions. We also acknowledge use of spectroscopic ellipsometry supported by Prof. Yia-Chung Chang. We acknowledge financial support from the Ministry of Science and Technology, Taiwan (Grant No. MOST-106-2112-M-001-036-MY3 (Y.J.L.); MOST-109-2112-M-001-043-MY3 (Y.J.L.); MOST-108-2221-E-001-018-MY3(S.W.C.); MOST 108-2113-M-006-005-MY3 (T.F.G.); MOST-109-2636-E-007-017 (M.Y.L.)) and Academia Sinica (Grant No. AS-CDA-108-M08 (Y.J.L.)), and also by the “Photonics at Thermodynamic Limits” Energy Frontier Research Center funded by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences under Award Number DE-SC0019140 (H.A.A.). Author Contributions. Y.J.L. proposed the original idea, developed the theoretical aspects, and performed all experiments, calculations, and data analysis. Y.J.L., P.J.C., and S.W.C. carried out the simulations. T.L.S. and K.N.P. fabricated the perovskite samples, performed the optical measurements, and helped in discussion. M.Y.L. carried out the TEM analyses. C.W.C., T.F.G., S.W.C., and H.A.A. contributed to the discussion and revised the manuscript. Y.J.L. organized the project and wrote the paper. All authors discussed the results and commented on the manuscript. The authors declare no competing financial interest.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Ministry of Science and Technology (Taipei)MOST-106-2112-M-001-036-MY3
Ministry of Science and Technology (Taipei)MOST-109-2112-M-001-043-MY3
Ministry of Science and Technology (Taipei)MOST-108-2221-E-001-018-MY3
Ministry of Science and Technology (Taipei)MOST 108-2113-M-006-005-MY3
Ministry of Science and Technology (Taipei)MOST-109-2636-E-007-017
Academia SinicaAS-CDA-108-M08
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-SC0019140
Subject Keywords:titanium nitride, lead halide perovskites, plasmonics, nanolasers, upconversion lasing, ENZ
Issue or Number:1
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20210104-164230416
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Official Citation:Upconversion Plasmonic Lasing from an Organolead Trihalide Perovskite Nanocrystal with Low Threshold. Yu-Jung Lu, Teng Lam Shen, Kang-Ning Peng, Pi-Ju Cheng, Shu-Wei Chang, Ming-Yen Lu, Chih Wei Chu, Tzung-Fang Guo, and Harry A. Atwater. ACS Photonics 2021 8 (1), 335-342; DOI: 10.1021/acsphotonics.0c01586
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:107300
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:05 Jan 2021 16:48
Last Modified:26 Jan 2021 19:18

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