CaltechAUTHORS
  A Caltech Library Service

Unravelling depositional setting, age and provenance of the Simlipal volcano-sedimentary complex, Singhbhum craton: Evidence for Hadean crust and Mesoarchean marginal marine sedimentation

Bhattacharjee, Surjyendu and Mulder, Jacob A. and Roy, Subhajit and Chowdhury, Priyadarshi and Cawood, Peter A. and Nebel, Oliver (2021) Unravelling depositional setting, age and provenance of the Simlipal volcano-sedimentary complex, Singhbhum craton: Evidence for Hadean crust and Mesoarchean marginal marine sedimentation. Precambrian Research, 354 . Art. No. 106038. ISSN 0301-9268. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20210104-164231175

[img] MS Excel (Supplementary data 1) - Supplemental Material
See Usage Policy.

173kB

Use this Persistent URL to link to this item: https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20210104-164231175

Abstract

The Singhbhum craton of eastern India preserves an extensive record of basin formation spanning the Paleoarchean to Neoarchean. Although spatially extensive and well exposed, the absolute age, depositional environment, and regional correlations of many of the purportedly Archean basins of this craton remain poorly resolved. We present a detailed lithostratigraphic analysis of siliciclastic strata in the (lower) Simlipal volcano-sedimentary succession and report the first detrital zircon U-Pb ages from this succession. The studied section is dominated by fine- to medium-grained, quartz-rich sandstones, which preserve herringbone stratification, tidal bundles, soft sediment deformation structures along with ubiquitous trough cross-stratification. Petrographic study confirms these sandstones as quartz arenites and reveal their high textural and mineralogical maturity. These features are consistent with deposition of the lower siliciclastic succession of the Simlipal volcano-sedimentary complex within a tidally-influenced marginal marine setting. The new detrital zircon data support a ~3.08 Ga maximum depositional age for the succession and reveal a provenance with age peaks at ca. 3.55–3.45 Ga, 3.38–3.24 Ga, and 3.10–3.08 Ga. These ages likely correspond to local basement sources including the Older Metamorphic Tonalite Gneisses, the Singhbhum Granitoid Complex, and the Mayurbhanj Granite Suite. Two detrital zircons from our dataset have concordant ages of ~4.02 Ga and ~4.03 Ga. They represent the first Hadean detrital zircons recovered from any Archean strata in the Singhbhum craton, documenting the involvement of Hadean crust in the early development of the craton. The detrital zircons show prominent Pb-loss at ~1.2–1.0 Ga that exemplifies the tectonothermal imprint of a late Mesoproterozoic to early Neoproterozoic orogeny (likely related to the assembly of Rodinia) on the Singhbhum craton. Our findings further support the interpretation that the lower siliciclastic strata in the Simlipal succession are the lateral facies equivalents of alluvial fan deposits at the base of the Dhanjori Formation, exposed to the north.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.precamres.2020.106038DOIArticle
Additional Information:© 2020 Elsevier. Received 24 May 2020, Revised 17 November 2020, Accepted 18 November 2020, Available online 29 December 2020. We thank Sukanta Dey and Rajat Mazumder for inviting us to contribute in this volume. We thank Axel Hofmann, Trisrota Chaudhuri, Rajat Mazumder and an anonymous reviewer for their thorough reviews. Vitor Rodrigues Barrote and Massimo Raveggi (Monash University) are thanked for providing valuable assistance with the U-Pb analyses. Rachelle Pierson (Monash University) is thanked for facilitating sample processing and mineral separation and Graham Hutchinson (University of Melbourne) is thanked for assistance with cathodoluminescence imaging. SB and SR thankfully acknowledge Bitihotri Rit and Debasmita Datta for their assistance in the fieldwork and Soumendu Sarkar for helpful discussions on this work. This work is supported by Australian Research Council grant FL160100168 (to P.A.C). Author statement. SB and SR carried out the field study and acquired the samples. SB, JM, SR & PC performed the sample processing, zircon analyses and wrote the manuscript draft. All the authors participated in interpreting the results and writing. The authors declare that they have no known competing financial interests or personal relationships that could have appeared to influence the work reported in this paper.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Australian Research CouncilFL160100168
Subject Keywords:Singhbhum Craton; Detrital zircon; Hadean zircon; Archean sandstone; Shallow marine sedimentation; Simlipal volcano-sedimentary succession
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20210104-164231175
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20210104-164231175
Official Citation:Surjyendu Bhattacharjee, Jacob A. Mulder, Subhajit Roy, Priyadarshi Chowdhury, Peter A. Cawood, Oliver Nebel, Unravelling depositional setting, age and provenance of the Simlipal volcano-sedimentary complex, Singhbhum craton: Evidence for Hadean crust and Mesoarchean marginal marine sedimentation, Precambrian Research, Volume 354, 2021, 106038, ISSN 0301-9268, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.precamres.2020.106038.
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:107305
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:05 Jan 2021 16:25
Last Modified:05 Jan 2021 16:25

Repository Staff Only: item control page