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Tests of General Relativity with Binary Black Holes from the second LIGO-Virgo Gravitational-Wave Transient Catalog

Abbott, R. and Abbott, T. D. and Abraham, S. and Acernese, F. and Ackley, K. and Adams, A. and Adams, C. and Adhikari, R. X. and Adya, V. B. and Affeldt, C. and Agathos, M. and Agatsuma, K. and Aggarwal, N. and Aguiar, O. D. and Aiello, L. and Ain, A. and Ajith, P. and Allen, G. and Allocca, A. and Altin, P. A. and Amato, A. and Anand, S. and Ananyeva, A. and Anderson, S. B. and Anderson, W. G. and Angelova, S. V. and Ansoldi, S. and Antelis, J. M. and Antier, S. and Appert, S. and Arai, K. and Araya, M. C. and Areeda, J. S. and Arène, M. and Arnaud, N. and Aronson, S. M. and Arun, K. G. and Asali, Y. and Ascenzi, S. and Ashton, G. and Aston, S. M. and Astone, P. and Aubin, F. and Aufmuth, P. and AultONeal, K. and Austin, C. and Avendano, V. and Babak, S. and Badaracco, F. and Bader, M. K. M. and Bae, S. and Baer, A. M. and Bagnasco, S. and Baird, J. and Ball, M. and Ballardin, G. and Ballmer, S. W. and Bals, A. and Balsamo, A. and Baltus, G. and Banagiri, S. and Bankar, D. and Bankar, R. S. and Barayoga, J. C. and Barbieri, C. and Barish, B. C. and Barker, D. and Barneo, P. and Barnum, S. and Barone, F. and Barr, B. and Barsotti, L. and Barsuglia, M. and Barta, D. and Bartlett, J. and Bartos, I. and Bassiri, R. and Basti, A. and Bawaj, M. and Bayley, J. C. and Bazzan, M. and Becher, B. R. and Bécsy, B. and Bedakihale, V. M. and Bejger, M. and Belahcene, I. and Beniwal, D. and Benjamin, M. G. and Benkel, R. and Bennett, T. F. and Bentley, J. D. and Bergamin, F. and Berger, B. K. and Bergmann, G. and Bernuzzi, S. and Berry, C. P. L. and Bersanetti, D. and Bertolini, A. and Betzwieser, J. and Bhandare, R. and Bhandari, A. V. and Bhattacharjee, D. and Bidler, J. and Bilenko, I. A. and Billingsley, G. and Birney, R. and Birnholtz, O. and Biscans, S. and Bischi, M. and Biscoveanu, S. and Bisht, A. and Bitossi, M. and Bizouard, M.-A. and Blackburn, J. K. and Blackman, J. and Blair, C. D. and Blair, D. G. and Blair, R. M. and Blanch, O. and Bobba, F. and Bode, N. and Boër, M. and Boetzel, Y. and Bogaert, G. and Boldrini, M. and Bondu, F. and Bonilla, E. and Bonnand, R. and Booker, P. and Boom, B. A. and Borhanian, S. and Bork, R. and Boschi, V. and Bose, N. and Bose, S. and Bossilkov, V. and Boudart, V. and Bouffanais, Y. and Bozzi, A. and Bradaschia, C. and Brady, P. R. and Bramley, A. and Branchesi, M. and Brau, J. E. and Breschi, M. and Briant, T. and Briggs, J. H. and Brighenti, F. and Brillet, A. and Brinkmann, M. and Brockill, P. and Brooks, A. F. and Brooks, J. and Brown, D. D. and Brunett, S. and Bruno, G. and Bruntz, R. and Buikema, A. and Bulik, T. and Bulten, H. J. and Buonanno, A. and Buskulic, D. and Byer, R. L. and Cabero, M. and Cadonati, L. and Caesar, M. and Cagnoli, G. and Cahillane, C. and Calderón Bustillo, J. and Callaghan, J. D. and Callister, T. A. and Calloni, E. and Camp, J. B. and Canepa, M. and Cannon, K. C. and Cao, H. and Cao, J. and Carapella, G. and Carbognani, F. and Carney, M. F. and Carpinelli, M. and Carullo, G. and Carver, T. L. and Casanueva Diaz, J. and Casentini, C. and Caudill, S. and Cavaglià, M. and Cavalier, F. and Cavalieri, R. and Cella, G. and Cerdá-Durán, P. and Cesarini, E. and Chaibi, W. and Chakravarti, K. and Chan, C.-L. and Chan, C. and Chandra, K. and Chanial, P. and Chao, S. and Charlton, P. and Chase, E. A. and Chassande-Mottin, E. and Chatterjee, D. and Chaturvedi, M. and Chatziioannou, K. and Chen, A. and Chen, H. Y. and Chen, X. and Chen, Y. and Cheng, H.-P. and Cheong, C. K. and Chia, H. Y. and Chiadini, F. and Chierici, R. and Chincarini, A. and Chiummo, A. and Cho, G. and Cho, H. S. and Cho, M. and Choate, S. and Christensen, N. and Chu, Q. and Chua, S. and Chung, K. W. and Chung, S. and Ciani, G. and Ciecielag, P. and Cieślar, M. and Cifaldi, M. and Ciobanu, A. A. and Ciolfi, R. and Cipriano, F. and Cirone, A. and Clara, F. and Clark, E. N. and Clark, J. A. and Clarke, L. and Clearwater, P. and Clesse, S. and Cleva, F. and Coccia, E. and Cohadon, P.-F. and Cohen, D. E. and Colleoni, M. and Collette, C. G. and Collins, C. and Colpi, M. and Constancio, M., Jr. and Conti, L. and Cooper, S. J. and Corban, P. and Corbitt, T. R. and Cordero-Carrión, I. and Corezzi, S. and Corley, K. R. and Cornish, N. and Corre, D. and Corsi, A. and Cortese, S. and Costa, C. A. and Cotesta, R. and Coughlin, M. W. and Coughlin, S. B. and Coulon, J.-P. and Countryman, S. T. and Couvares, P. and Covas, P. B. and Coward, D. M. and Cowart, M. J. and Coyne, D. C. and Coyne, R. and Creighton, J. D. E. and Creighton, T. D. and Croquette, M. and Crowder, S. G. and Cudell, J. R. and Cullen, T. J. and Cumming, A. and Cummings, R. and Cunningham, L. and Cuoco, E. and Curylo, M. and Dal Canton, T. and Dálya, G. and Dana, A. and DaneshgaranBajastani, L. M. and D'Angelo, B. and Danilishin, S. L. and D'Antonio, S. and Danzmann, K. and Darsow-Fromm, C. and Dasgupta, A. and Datrier, L. E. H. and Dattilo, V. and Dave, I. and Davier, M. and Davies, G. S. and Davis, D. and Daw, E. J. and Dean, R. and DeBra, D. and Deenadayalan, M. and Degallaix, J. and De Laurentis, M. and Deléglise, S. and Del Favero, V. and De Lillo, F. and De Lillo, N. and Del Pozzo, W. and DeMarchi, L. M. and De Matteis, F. and D'Emilio, V. and Demos, N. and Denker, T. and Dent, T. and Depasse, A. and De Pietri, R. and De Rosa, R. and De Rossi, C. and DeSalvo, R. and de Varona, O. and Dhani, A. and Dhurandhar, S. and Díaz, M. C. and Diaz-Ortiz, M., Jr. and Didio, N. A. and Dietrich, T. and Di Fiore, L. and DiFronzo, C. and Di Giorgio, C. and Di Giovanni, F. and Di Giovanni, M. and Di Girolamo, T. and Di Lieto, A. and Ding, B. and Di Pace, S. and Di Palma, I. and Di Renzo, F. and Divakarla, A. K. and Dmitriev, A. and Doctor, Z. and D'Onofrio, L. and Donovan, F. and Dooley, K. L. and Doravari, S. and Dorrington, I. and Downes, T. P. and Drago, M. and Driggers, J. C. and Du, Z. and Ducoin, J.-G. and Dudi, R. and Dupej, P. and Durante, O. and D'Urso, D. and Duverne, P.-A. and Dwyer, S. E. and Easter, P. J. and Eddolls, G. and Edelman, B. and Edo, T. B. and Edy, O. and Effler, A. and Eichholz, J. and Eikenberry, S. S. and Eisenmann, M. and Eisenstein, R. A. and Ejlli, A. and Errico, L. and Essick, R. C. and Estellés, H. and Estevez, D. and Etienne, Z. B. and Etzel, T. and Evans, M. and Evans, T. M. and Ewing, B. E. and Fafone, V. and Fair, H. and Fairhurst, S. and Fan, X. and Farah, A. M. and Farinon, S. and Farr, B. and Farr, W. M. and Fauchon-Jones, E. J. and Favata, M. and Fays, M. and Fazio, M. and Feicht, J. and Fejer, M. M. and Feng, F. and Fenyvesi, E. and Ferguson, D. L. and Fernandez-Galiana, A. and Ferrante, I. and Ferreira, T. A. and Fidecaro, F. and Figura, P. and Fiori, I. and Fiorucci, D. and Fishbach, M. and Fisher, R. P. and Fishner, J. M. and Fittipaldi, R. and Fitz-Axen, M. and Fiumara, V. and Flaminio, R. and Floden, E. and Flynn, E. and Fong, H. and Font, J. A. and Forsyth, P. W. F. and Fournier, J.-D. and Frasca, S. and Frasconi, F. and Frei, Z. and Freise, A. and Frey, R. and Frey, V. and Fritschel, P. and Frolov, V. V. and Fronzé, G. G. and Fulda, P. and Fyffe, M. and Gabbard, H. A. and Gadre, B. U. and Gaebel, S. M. and Gair, J. R. and Gais, J. and Galaudage, S. and Gamba, R. and Ganapathy, D. and Ganguly, A. and Gaonkar, S. G. and Garaventa, B. and García-Quirós, C. and Garufi, F. and Gateley, B. and Gaudio, S. and Gayathri, V. and Gemme, G. and Gennai, A. and George, D. and George, J. and George, R. N. and Gergely, L. and Ghonge, S. and Ghosh, Abhirup and Ghosh, Archisman and Ghosh, S. and Giacomazzo, B. and Giacoppo, L. and Giaime, J. A. and Giardina, K. D. and Gibson, D. R. and Gier, C. and Gill, K. and Giri, P. and Glanzer, J. and Gleckl, A. E. and Godwin, P. and Goetz, E. and Goetz, R. and Gohlke, N. and Goncharov, B. and González, G. and Gopakumar, A. and Gossan, S. E. and Gosselin, M. and Gouaty, R. and Grace, B. and Grado, A. and Granata, M. and Granata, V. and Grant, A. and Gras, S. and Grassia, P. and Gray, C. and Gray, R. and Greco, G. and Green, A. C. and Green, R. and Gretarsson, E. M. and Griggs, H. L. and Grignani, G. and Grimaldi, A. and Grimes, E. and Grimm, S. J. and Grote, H. and Grunewald, S. and Gruning, P. and Guerrero, J. G. and Guidi, G. M. and Guimaraes, A. R. and Guixé, G. and Gulati, H. K. and Guo, Y. and Gupta, Anchal and Gupta, Anuradha and Gupta, P. and Gustafson, E. K. and Gustafson, R. and Guzman, F. and Haegel, L. and Halim, O. and Hall, E. D. and Hamilton, E. Z. and Hammond, G. and Haney, M. and Hanke, M. M. and Hanks, J. and Hanna, C. and Hannam, M. D. and Hannuksela, O. A. and Hannuksela, O. and Hansen, H. and Hansen, T. J. and Hanson, J. and Harder, T. and Hardwick, T. and Haris, K. and Harms, J. and Harry, G. M. and Harry, I. W. and Hartwig, D. and Hasskew, R. K. and Haster, C.-J. and Haughian, K. and Hayes, F. J. and Healy, J. and Heidmann, A. and Heintze, M. C. and Heinze, J. and Heinzel, J. and Heitmann, H. and Hellman, F. and Hello, P. and Helmling-Cornell, A. F. and Hemming, G. and Hendry, M. and Heng, I. S. and Hennes, E. and Hennig, J. and Hennig, M. H. and Hernandez Vivanco, F. and Heurs, M. and Hild, S. and Hill, P. and Hines, A. S. and Hochheim, S. and Hofgard, E. and Hofman, D. and Hohmann, J. N. and Holgado, A. M. and Holland, N. A. and Hollows, I. J. and Holmes, Z. J. and Holt, K. and Holz, D. E. and Hopkins, P. and Horst, C. and Hough, J. and Howell, E. J. and Hoy, C. G. and Hoyland, D. and Huang, Y. and Hübner, M. T. and Huddart, A. D. and Huerta, E. A. and Hughey, B. and Hui, V. and Husa, S. and Huttner, S. H. and Hutzler, B. M. and Huxford, R. and Huynh-Dinh, T. and Idzkowski, B. and Iess, A. and Imperato, S. and Inchauspe, H. and Ingram, C. and Intini, G. and Isi, M. and Iyer, B. R. and JaberianHamedan, V. and Jacqmin, T. and Jadhav, S. J. and Jadhav, S. P. and James, A. L. and Jani, K. and Janssens, K. and Janthalur, N. N. and Jaranowski, P. and Jariwala, D. and Jaume, R. and Jenkins, A. C. and Jeunon, M. and Jiang, J. and Johns, G. R. and Johnson-McDaniel, N. K. and Jones, A. W. and Jones, D. I. and Jones, J. D. and Jones, P. and Jones, R. and Jonker, R. J. G. and Ju, L. and Junker, J. and Kalaghatgi, C. V. and Kalogera, V. and Kamai, B. and Kandhasamy, S. and Kang, G. and Kanner, J. B. and Kapadia, S. J. and Kapasi, D. P. and Karathanasis, C. and Karki, S. and Kashyap, R. and Kasprzack, M. and Kastaun, W. and Katsanevas, S. and Katsavounidis, E. and Katzman, W. and Kawabe, K. and Kéfélian, F. and Keitel, D. and Key, J. S. and Khadka, S. and Khalili, F. Y. and Khan, I. and Khan, S. and Khazanov, E. A. and Khetan, N. and Khursheed, M. and Kijbunchoo, N. and Kim, C. and Kim, G. J. and Kim, J. C. and Kim, K. and Kim, W. S. and Kim, Y.-M. and Kimball, C. and King, P. J. and Kinley-Hanlon, M. and Kirchhoff, R. and Kissel, J. S. and Kleybolte, L. and Klimenko, S. and Knowles, T. D. and Knyazev, E. and Koch, P. and Koehlenbeck, S. M. and Koekoek, G. and Koley, S. and Kolstein, M. and Komori, K. and Kondrashov, V. and Kontos, A. and Koper, N. and Korobko, M. and Korth, W. Z. and Kovalam, M. and Kozak, D. B. and Kramer, C. and Kringel, V. and Krishnendu, N. V. and Królak, A. and Kuehn, G. and Kumar, A. and Kumar, P. and Kumar, Rahul and Kumar, Rakesh and Kuns, K. and Kwang, S. and Lackey, B. D. and Laghi, D. and Lalande, E. and Lam, T. L. and Lamberts, A. and Landry, M. and Lane, B. B. and Lang, R. N. and Lange, J. and Lantz, B. and Lanza, R. K. and La Rosa, I. and Lartaux-Vollard, A. and Lasky, P. D. and Laxen, M. and Lazzarini, A. and Lazzaro, C. and Leaci, P. and Leavey, S. and Lecoeuche, Y. K. and Lee, H. M. and Lee, H. W. and Lee, J. and Lee, K. and Lehmann, J. and Leon, E. and Leroy, N. and Letendre, N. and Levin, Y. and Li, A. and Li, J. and Li, K. J. L. and Li, T. G. F. and Li, X. and Linde, F. and Linker, S. D. and Linley, J. N. and Littenberg, T. B. and Liu, J. and Liu, X. and Llorens-Monteagudo, M. and Lo, R. K. L. and Lockwood, A. and London, L. T. and Longobardo, A. and Lorenzini, M. and Loriette, V. and Lormand, M. and Losurdo, G. and Lough, J. D. and Lousto, C. O. and Lovelace, G. and Lück, H. and Lumaca, D. and Lundgren, A. P. and Ma, Y. and Macas, R. and MacInnis, M. and Macleod, D. M. and MacMillan, I. A. O. and Macquet, A. and Magaña Hernandez, I. and Magaña-Sandoval, F. and Magazzù, C. and Magee, R. M. and Majorana, E. and Maksimovic, I. and Maliakal, S. and Malik, A. and Mangold, N. and Mandic, V. and Mangano, V. and Mansell, G. L. and Manske, M. and Mantovani, M. and Mapelli, M. and Marchesoni, F. and Marion, F. and Márka, S. and Márka, Z. and Markakis, C. and Markosyan, A. S. and Markowitz, A. and Maros, E. and Marquina, A. and Marsat, S. and Martelli, F. and Martin, I. W. and Martin, R. M. and Martínez, M. and Martinez, V. and Martynov, D. V. and Masalehdan, H. and Mason, K. and Massera, E. and Masserot, A. and Massinger, T. J. and Masso-Reid, M. and Mastrogiovanni, S. and Matas, A. and Mateu-Lucena, M. and Matichard, F. and Matiushechkina, M. and Mavalvala, N. and Maynard, E. and McCann, J. J. and McCarthy, R. and McClelland, D. E. and McCormick, S. and McCuller, L. and McGuire, S. C. and McIsaac, C. and McIver, J. and McManus, D. J. and McRae, T. and McWilliams, S. T. and Meacher, D. and Meadors, G. D. and Mehmet, M. and Mehta, A. K. and Melatos, A. and Melchor, D. A. and Mendell, G. and Menendez-Vazquez, A. and Mercer, R. A. and Mereni, L. and Merfeld, K. and Merilh, E. L. and Merritt, J. D. and Merzougui, M. and Meshkov, S. and Messenger, C. and Messick, C. and Metzdorff, R. and Meyers, P. M. and Meylahn, F. and Mhaske, A. and Miani, A. and Miao, H. and Michaloliakos, I. and Michel, C. and Middleton, H. and Milano, L. and Miller, A. L. and Millhouse, M. and Mills, J. C. and Milotti, E. and Milovich-Goff, M. C. and Minazzoli, O. and Minenkov, Y. and Mir, Ll. M. and Mishkin, A. and Mishra, C. and Mistry, T. and Mitra, S. and Mitrofanov, V. P. and Mitselmakher, G. and Mittleman, R. and Mo, G. and Mogushi, K. and Mohapatra, S. R. P. and Mohite, S. R. and Molina, I. and Molina-Ruiz, M. and Mondin, M. and Montani, M. and Moore, C. J. and Moraru, D. and Morawski, F. and Moreno, G. and Morisaki, S. and Mours, B. and Mow-Lowry, C. M. and Mozzon, S. and Muciaccia, F. and Mukherjee, Arunava and Mukherjee, D. and Mukherjee, Soma and Mukherjee, Subroto and Mukund, N. and Mullavey, A. and Munch, J. and Muñiz, E. A. and Murray, P. G. and Nadji, S. L. and Nagar, A. and Nardecchia, I. and Naticchioni, L. and Nayak, R. K. and Neil, B. F. and Neilson, J. and Nelemans, G. and Nelson, T. J. N. and Nery, M. and Neunzert, A. and Ng, K. Y. and Ng, S. and Nguyen, C. and Nguyen, P. and Nguyen, T. and Nicholson, S. A. and Nissanke, S. and Nocera, F. and Noh, M. and North, C. and Nothard, D. and Nuttall, L. K. and Oberling, J. and O'Brien, B. D. and O'Dell, J. and Oganesyan, G. and Ogin, G. H. and Oh, J. J. and Oh, S. H. and Ohme, F. and Ohta, H. and Okada, M. A. and Olivetto, C. and Oppermann, P. and Oram, R. J. and O'Reilly, B. and Ormiston, R. G. and Ormsby, N. and Ortega, L. F. and O'Shaughnessy, R. and Ossokine, S. and Osthelder, C. and Ottaway, D. J. and Overmier, H. and Owen, B. J. and Pace, A. E. and Pagano, G. and Page, M. A. and Pagliaroli, G. and Pai, A. and Pai, S. A. and Palamos, J. R. and Palashov, O. and Palomba, C. and Pan, H. and Panda, P. K. and Pang, T. H. and Pankow, C. and Pannarale, F. and Pant, B. C. and Paoletti, F. and Paoli, A. and Paolone, A. and Parker, W. and Pascucci, D. and Pasqualetti, A. and Passaquieti, R. and Passuello, D. and Patel, M. and Patricelli, B. and Payne, E. and Pechsiri, T. C. and Pedraza, M. and Pegoraro, M. and Pele, A. and Penn, S. and Perego, A. and Perez, C. J. and Périgois, C. and Perreca, A. and Perriès, S. and Petermann, J. and Petterson, D. and Pfeiffer, H. P. and Pham, K. A. and Phukon, K. S. and Piccinni, O. J. and Pichot, M. and Piendibene, M. and Piergiovanni, F. and Pierini, L. and Pierro, V. and Pillant, G. and Pilo, F. and Pinard, L. and Pinto, I. M. and Piotrzkowski, K. and Pirello, M. and Pitkin, M. and Placidi, E. and Plastino, W. and Pluchar, C. and Poggiani, R. and Polini, E. and Pong, D. Y. T. and Ponrathnam, S. and Popolizio, P. and Porter, E. K. and Poverman, A. and Powell, J. and Pracchia, M. and Prajapati, A. K. and Prasai, K. and Prasanna, R. and Pratten, G. and Prestegard, T. and Principe, M. and Prodi, G. 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M. and Xiao, L. and Yamamoto, H. and Yang, L. and Yang, Y. and Yang, Z. and Yap, M. J. and Yeeles, D. W. and Yoon, A. and Yu, Hang and Yu, Haocun and Yuen, S. H. R. and Zadrożny, A. and Zanolin, M. and Zelenova, T. and Zendri, J.-P. and Zevin, M. and Zhang, J. and Zhang, L. and Zhang, R. and Zhang, T. and Zhao, C. and Zhao, G. and Zhou, M. and Zhou, Z. and Zhu, X. J. and Zimmerman, A. B. and Zucker, M. E. and Zweizig, J. (2020) Tests of General Relativity with Binary Black Holes from the second LIGO-Virgo Gravitational-Wave Transient Catalog. . (Unpublished) https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20210120-082604317

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Abstract

Gravitational waves enable tests of general relativity in the highly dynamical and strong-field regime. Using events detected by LIGO-Virgo up to 1 October 2019, we evaluate the consistency of the data with predictions from the theory. We first establish that residuals from the best-fit waveform are consistent with detector noise, and that the low- and high-frequency parts of the signals are in agreement. We then consider parametrized modifications to the waveform by varying post-Newtonian and phenomenological coefficients, improving past constraints by factors of ∼2; we also find consistency with Kerr black holes when we specifically target signatures of the spin-induced quadrupole moment. Looking for gravitational-wave dispersion, we tighten constraints on Lorentz-violating coefficients by a factor of ∼2.6 and bound the mass of the graviton to m_g ≤ 1.76×10⁻²³eV/c² with 90% credibility. We also analyze the properties of the merger remnants by measuring ringdown frequencies and damping times, constraining fractional deviations away from the Kerr frequency to δf₂₂₀ = 0.03^(+0.38)_(−0.35) for the fundamental quadrupolar mode, and δf₂₂₁ = 0.04^(+0.27)_(−0.32) for the first overtone; additionally, we find no evidence for postmerger echoes. Finally, we determine that our data are consistent with tensorial polarizations through a template-independent method. When possible, we assess the validity of general relativity based on collections of events analyzed jointly. We find no evidence for new physics beyond general relativity, for black hole mimickers, or for any unaccounted systematics.


Item Type:Report or Paper (Discussion Paper)
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://arxiv.org/abs/2010.14529arXivDiscussion Paper
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Adhikari, R. X.0000-0002-5731-5076
Allocca, A.0000-0002-5288-1351
Anand, S.0000-0003-3768-7515
Ansoldi, S.0000-0002-5613-7693
Arai, K.0000-0001-8916-8915
Araya, M. C.0000-0002-6018-6447
Arnaud, N.0000-0001-6589-8673
Ascenzi, S.0000-0001-5116-6789
Ashton, G.0000-0001-7288-2231
Barsotti, L.0000-0001-9819-2562
Bartos, I.0000-0001-5607-3637
Bernuzzi, S.0000-0002-2334-0935
Berry, C. P. L.0000-0003-3870-7215
Billingsley, G.0000-0002-4141-2744
Biscans, S.0000-0002-9635-7527
Biscoveanu, S.0000-0001-7616-7366
Bizouard, M.-A.0000-0002-4618-1674
Blackburn, J. K.0000-0002-3838-2986
Blackman, J.0000-0002-7113-0289
Blanch, O.0000-0002-8380-1633
Boër, M.0000-0001-9157-4349
Brady, P. R.0000-0002-4611-9387
Brooks, A. F.0000-0003-4295-792X
Buikema, A.0000-0001-9409-5757
Byer, R. L.0000-0003-1331-0318
Cabero, M.0000-0003-4059-4512
Cahillane, C.0000-0002-3888-314X
Calderón Bustillo, J.0000-0002-4171-5884
Callister, T. A.0000-0001-9892-177X
Cannon, K. C.0000-0003-4068-6572
Chatziioannou, K.0000-0002-5833-413X
Chen, Y.0000-0002-9730-9463
Christensen, N.0000-0002-6870-4202
Ciani, G.0000-0003-4258-9338
Cordero-Carrión, I.0000-0002-1985-1361
Cornish, N.0000-0002-7435-0869
Corsi, A.0000-0001-8104-3536
Coughlin, M. W.0000-0002-8262-2924
Coyne, D. C.0000-0002-6427-3222
Dálya, G.0000-0003-3258-5763
Darsow-Fromm, C.0000-0001-9602-0388
Davis, D.0000-0001-5620-6751
Degallaix, J.0000-0002-1019-6911
De Laurentis, M.0000-0002-9945-682X
Deléglise, S.0000-0002-8680-5170
De Lillo, N.0000-0002-5083-3639
Del Pozzo, W.0000-0003-3978-2030
DeMarchi, L. M.0000-0003-4587-2366
De Matteis, F.0000-0001-7860-9754
de Varona, O.0000-0001-8851-2008
Dooley, K. L.0000-0002-1636-0233
Fauchon-Jones, E. J.0000-0002-4200-892X
Fejer, M. M.0000-0002-5512-1905
Fernandez-Galiana, A.0000-0002-8940-9261
Fishbach, M.0000-0002-1980-5293
Freise, A.0000-0001-6586-9901
Fritschel, P.0000-0003-1983-3187
García-Quirós, C.0000-0002-8059-2477
Ghosh, Archisman0000-0003-0423-3533
Gossan, S. E.0000-0002-8138-9198
Grado, A.0000-0002-0501-8256
Gupta, Anchal0000-0002-1762-9644
Hall, E. D.0000-0001-9018-666X
Hannuksela, O. A.0000-0002-3887-7137
Harms, J.0000-0002-7332-9806
Helmling-Cornell, A. F.0000-0002-7709-8638
Holgado, A. M.0000-0003-4143-8132
Holz, D. E.0000-0002-0175-5064
Howell, E. J.0000-0001-7891-2817
Huerta, E. A.0000-0002-9682-3604
Kalogera, V.0000-0001-9236-5469
Kamai, B.0000-0001-6521-9351
Kanner, J. B.0000-0001-8115-0577
Kijbunchoo, N.0000-0002-2874-1228
Kinley-Hanlon, M.0000-0002-7367-8002
Kissel, J. S.0000-0002-1702-9577
Kleybolte, L.0000-0003-2831-5533
Komori, K.0000-0002-4092-9602
Korobko, M.0000-0002-3839-3909
Korth, W. Z.0000-0003-3527-1348
Kovalam, M.0000-0001-8143-9696
Kozak, D. B.0000-0003-3118-8950
Lamberts, A.0000-0001-8740-0127
Lange, J.0000-0001-7513-6330
Lantz, B.0000-0002-7404-4845
Lasky, P. D.0000-0003-3763-1386
Llorens-Monteagudo, M.0000-0003-4984-2527
Lo, R. K. L.0000-0003-1561-6716
Lovelace, G.0000-0002-7084-1070
Ma, Y.0000-0001-7192-4874
MacMillan, I. A. O.0000-0002-6927-1031
Mapelli, M.0000-0001-8799-2548
Markowitz, A.0000-0003-0223-2342
Massinger, T. J.0000-0002-3429-5025
Masso-Reid, M.0000-0001-6177-8105
Matichard, F.0000-0001-8982-8418
McCuller, L.0000-0003-0851-0593
McIver, J.0000-0003-0316-1355
McWilliams, S. T.0000-0003-2397-8290
Menendez-Vazquez, A.0000-0002-0828-8219
Meshkov, S.0000-0002-7973-5338
Miao, H.0000-0003-2879-5821
Mitselmakher, G.0000-0001-5745-3658
Mukherjee, Arunava0000-0003-1274-5846
Mukund, N.0000-0002-8666-9156
Nicholson, S. A.0000-0002-1226-1828
Nissanke, S.0000-0001-6573-7773
Ottaway, D. J.0000-0001-6794-1591
Pankow, C.0000-0002-1128-3662
Pele, A.0000-0002-1873-3769
Pfeiffer, H. P.0000-0001-9288-519X
Piendibene, M.0000-0003-2434-488X
Piergiovanni, F.0000-0001-8063-828X
Piotrzkowski, K.0000-0002-6226-957X
Prokhorov, L.0000-0002-0869-185X
Quetschke, V.0000-0002-8012-4868
Quitzow-James, R.0000-0003-1233-633X
Raaijmakers, G.0000-0002-9397-786X
Rana, J.0000-0001-5605-1809
Ricci, F.0000-0001-5742-5980
Richardson, J. W.0000-0002-1472-4806
Rollins, J. G.0000-0002-9388-2799
Sathyaprakash, B. S.0000-0003-3845-7586
Schnabel, R.0000-0003-2896-4218
Schwartz, E.0000-0001-8922-7794
Sieniawska, M.0000-0001-5895-5537
Sigg, D.0000-0003-4606-6526
Slagmolen, B. J. J.0000-0002-2471-3828
Sordini, V.0000-0003-0885-824X
Stöver, M.0000-0001-9331-2422
Sun, L.0000-0001-7959-892X
Tanner, D. B.0000-0003-1940-4710
Thrane, E.0000-0002-4418-3895
Tiwari, Shubhanshu0000-0003-1611-6625
Tso, R.0000-0003-4464-0117
Ueno, K.0000-0003-0424-3045
Vajente, G.0000-0002-7656-6882
Varma, V.0000-0002-9994-1761
Vecchio, A.0000-0002-6254-1617
Venugopalan, G.0000-0003-4414-9918
Viets, A. D.0000-0002-4241-1428
Vyatchanin, S. P.0000-0002-6823-911X
Walker, M.0000-0002-7176-6914
Weiss, L.0000-0002-3725-3058
Weinstein, A. J.0000-0002-0928-6784
Whelan, J. T.0000-0001-5710-6576
Whiting, B. F.0000-0002-8501-8669
Whittle, C.0000-0002-8833-7438
Wysocki, D. M.0000-0001-9138-4078
Xiao, L.0000-0003-2703-449X
Yamamoto, H.0000-0001-6919-9570
Yu, Hang0000-0002-6011-6190
Yu, Haocun0000-0002-7597-098X
Zhang, L.0000-0002-0898-787X
Zucker, M. E.0000-0002-2544-1596
Zweizig, J.0000-0002-1521-3397
Additional Information:Analyses in this paper made use of NumPy [260], SciPy [261], Astropy [262, 263], IPython [264], qnm [265], PES ummary [266], and GWpy [267]; plots were produced with Matplotlib [268], and Seaborn [269]. Posteriors were sampled with Stan [128], CPNest [270], PyMultinest [271, 272], and LALInference [116]. The authors gratefully acknowledge the support of the United States National Science Foundation (NSF) for the construction and operation of the LIGO Laboratory and Advanced LIGO as well as the Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC) of the United Kingdom, the Max-Planck-Society (MPS), and the State of Niedersachsen /Germany for support of the construction of Advanced LIGO and construction and operation of the GEO600 detector. Additional support for Advanced LIGO was provided by the Australian Research Council. The authors gratefully acknowledge the Italian Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN), the French Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) and the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research, for the construction and operation of the Virgo detector and the creation and support of the EGO consortium. The authors also gratefully acknowledge research support from these agencies as well as by the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research of India, the Department of Science and Technology, India, the Science & Engineering Research Board (SERB), India, the Ministry of Human Resource Development, India, the Spanish Agencia Estatal de Investigación, the Vicepresidència i Conselleria d’Innovació, Recerca i Turisme and the Conselleria d’Educació i Universitat del Govern de les Illes Balears, the Conselleria d’Innovació, Universitats, Ciència i Societat Digital de la Generalitat Valenciana and the CERCA Programme Generalitat de Catalunya, Spain, the National Science Centre of Poland, the Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF), the Russian Foundation for Basic Research, the Russian Science Foundation, the European Commission, the European Regional Development Funds (ERDF), the Royal Society, the Scottish Funding Council, the Scottish Universities Physics Alliance, the Hungarian Scientific Research Fund (OTKA), the French Lyon Institute of Origins (LIO), the Belgian Fonds de la Recherche Scientifique (FRS-FNRS), Actions de Recherche Concertées (ARC) and Fonds Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek – Vlaanderen (FWO), Belgium, the Paris Île-de-France Region, the National Research, Development and Innovation Office Hungary (NKFIH), the National Research Foundation of Korea, Industry Canada and the Province of Ontario through the Ministry of Economic Development and Innovation, the Natural Science and Engineering Research Council Canada, the Canadian Institute for Advanced Research, the Brazilian Ministry of Science, Technology, Innovations, and Communications, the International Center for Theoretical Physics South American Institute for Fundamental Research (ICTP-SAIFR), the Research Grants Council of Hong Kong, the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC), the Leverhulme Trust, the Research Corporation, the Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST), Taiwan and the Kavli Foundation. The authors gratefully acknowledge the support of the NSF, STFC, INFN and CNRS for provision of computational resources. We would like to thank all of the essential workers who put their health at risk during the COVID-19 pandemic, without whom we would not have been able to complete this work.
Group:LIGO
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NSFUNSPECIFIED
Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC)UNSPECIFIED
Max-Planck-Society (MPS)UNSPECIFIED
State of Niedersachsen/GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Australian Research CouncilUNSPECIFIED
Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN)UNSPECIFIED
Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS)UNSPECIFIED
Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek (NWO)UNSPECIFIED
Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (India)UNSPECIFIED
Department of Science and Technology (India)UNSPECIFIED
Science and Engineering Research Board (SERB)UNSPECIFIED
Ministry of Human Resource Development (India)UNSPECIFIED
Agencia Estatal de InvestigaciónUNSPECIFIED
Vicepresidència i Conselleria d’Innovació, Recerca i TurismeUNSPECIFIED
Conselleria d’Educació i Universitat del Govern de les Illes BalearsUNSPECIFIED
Conselleria d’Innovació, Universitats, Ciència i Societat Digital de la Generalitat ValencianaUNSPECIFIED
Generalitat de CatalunyaUNSPECIFIED
National Science Centre (Poland)UNSPECIFIED
Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF)UNSPECIFIED
Russian Foundation for Basic ResearchUNSPECIFIED
Russian Science FoundationUNSPECIFIED
European CommissionUNSPECIFIED
European Regional Development Funds (ERDF)UNSPECIFIED
Royal SocietyUNSPECIFIED
Scottish Funding CouncilUNSPECIFIED
Scottish Universities Physics AllianceUNSPECIFIED
Hungarian Scientific Research Fund (OTKA)UNSPECIFIED
Lyon Institute of Origins (LIO)UNSPECIFIED
Fonds de la Recherche Scientifique (FNRS)UNSPECIFIED
Actions de Recherche ConcertéesUNSPECIFIED
Fonds Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek (FWO)UNSPECIFIED
Paris Île-de-France RegionUNSPECIFIED
National Research, Development and Innovation Fund (NKFIA)UNSPECIFIED
National Research Foundation of KoreaUNSPECIFIED
Industry CanadaUNSPECIFIED
Ontario Ministry of Economic Development and InnovationUNSPECIFIED
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC)UNSPECIFIED
Canadian Institute for Advanced Research (CIFAR)UNSPECIFIED
Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia, Inovação e Comunicação (MCTIC)UNSPECIFIED
International Center for Theoretical Physics South American Institute for Fundamental Research (ICTP-SAIFR)UNSPECIFIED
Research Grants Council of Hong KongUNSPECIFIED
National Natural Science Foundation of ChinaUNSPECIFIED
Leverhulme TrustUNSPECIFIED
Research CorporationUNSPECIFIED
Ministry of Science and Technology (Taipei)UNSPECIFIED
Kavli FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Other Numbering System:
Other Numbering System NameOther Numbering System ID
LIGO DocumentP2000091
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20210120-082604317
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20210120-082604317
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:107585
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:22 Jan 2021 23:01
Last Modified:01 Apr 2021 21:19

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