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An On-going Mid-infrared Outburst in the White Dwarf 0145+234: Catching in Action of Tidal Disruption of an Exoasteroid?

Wang, Ting-gui and Jiang, Ning and Ge, Jian and Cutri, Roc M. and Jiang, Peng and Sheng, Zhengfeng and Zhou, Hongyan and Bauer, James and Mainzer, Amy K. and Wright, Edward L. (2019) An On-going Mid-infrared Outburst in the White Dwarf 0145+234: Catching in Action of Tidal Disruption of an Exoasteroid? . (Unpublished) https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20210204-092701839

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Abstract

We report the detection of a large amplitude MIR outburst in the white dwarf (WD) 0145+234 in the NEOWISE Survey data. The source had a stable MIR flux before 2018, and was brightened by about 1.0 magnitude in the W1 and W2 bands within half a year and has been continuously brightening since then. No significant variations are found in the optical photometry data during the same period. This suggests that this MIR outburst is caused by recent replenishing or redistribution of dust, rather than intrinsic variations of the WD. SED modeling of 0145+234 suggests that there was already a dust disk around the WD in the quiescent state, and both of the temperature and surface area of the disk evolved rapidly since the outburst. The dust temperature was about 1770K in the initial rising phase, close to the sublimation temperature of silicate grains, and gradually cooled down to around 1150K, while the surface area increased by a factor of about 6 during the same period. The inferred closest distance of dust to the WD is within the tidal disruption radius of a gravitationally bounded asteroid. We estimated the dust mass to be between 3×10¹⁵ to 3×10¹⁷ ρ/(1 g cm⁻³) kg for silicate grains of a power-law size distribution with a high cutoff size from 0.1 to 1000 microns. We interpret this as a possible tidal breakup of an exo-asteroid by the WD. Further follow-up observations of this rare event may provide insights on the origin of dust disk and metal pollution in some white dwarfs.


Item Type:Report or Paper (Discussion Paper)
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://arxiv.org/abs/1910.04314arXivDiscussion Paper
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Wang, Ting-gui0000-0002-1517-6792
Jiang, Ning0000-0002-7152-3621
Cutri, Roc M.0000-0002-0077-2305
Jiang, Peng0000-0002-5387-7952
Sheng, Zhengfeng0000-0001-6938-8670
Zhou, Hongyan0000-0003-1956-9021
Bauer, James0000-0001-9542-0953
Wright, Edward L.0000-0001-5058-1593
Additional Information:This work is supported by Chinese Science Foundation (NSFC-11833007,11421303). This research makes use of data products from the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer, which is a joint project of the University of California, Los Angeles, and the Jet Propulsion Laboratory/California Institute of Technology, funded by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. This research also makes use of data products from NEOWISE-R, which is a project of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory/California Institute of Technology, funded by the Planetary Science Division of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. This research has made use of the NASA/ IPAC Infrared Science Archive, which is funded by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and operated by the California Institute of Technology.
Group:Infrared Processing and Analysis Center (IPAC)
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
National Natural Science Foundation of China11833007
National Natural Science Foundation of China11421303
UCLAUNSPECIFIED
NASA/JPL/CaltechUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:stars: white dwarf–infrared: stars –(stars:) circumstellar matter
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20210204-092701839
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20210204-092701839
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:107902
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:04 Feb 2021 22:14
Last Modified:04 Feb 2021 22:14

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