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BICEP/Keck XII: Constraints on axionlike polarization oscillations in the cosmic microwave background

Ade, P. A. R. and Ahmed, Z. and Amiri, M. and Barkats, D. and Basu Thakur, R. and Bischoff, C. A. and Bock, J. J. and Boenish, H. and Bullock, E. and Buza, V. and Cheshire, J. R. and Connors, J. and Cornelison, J. and Crumrine, M. and Cukierman, A. and Dierickx, M. and Duband, L. and Fatigoni, S. and Filippini, J. P. and Fliescher, S. and Goeckner-Wald, N. and Grayson, J. and Hall, G. and Halpern, M. and Harrison, S. and Henderson, S. and Hildebrandt, S. R. and Hilton, G. C. and Hubmayr, J. and Hui, H. and Irwin, K. D. and Kang, J. and Karkare, K. S. and Karpel, E. and Keating, B. G. and Kefeli, S. and Kernasovskiy, S. A. and Kovac, J. M. and Kuo, C. L. and Lau, K. and Leitch, E. M. and Megerian, K. G. and Moncelsi, L. and Namikawa, T. and Netterfield, C. B. and Nguyen, H. T. and O’Brient, R. and Ogburn, R. W. and Palladino, S. and Prouve, T. and Pryke, C. and Racine, B. and Reintsema, C. D. and Richter, S. and Schillaci, A. and Schmitt, B. L. and Schwarz, R. and Sheehy, C. D. and Soliman, A. and St. Germaine, T. and Steinbach, B. and Sudiwala, R. V. and Teply, G. and Thompson, K. L. and Tolan, J. E. and Tucker, C. and Turner, A. D. and Umilta, C. and Vieregg, A. G. and Wandui, A. and Weber, A. C. and Wiebe, D. V. and Willmert, J. and Wong, C. L. and Wu, W. L. K. and Yang, H. and Yoon, K. W. and Young, E. and Yu, C. and Zeng, L. and Zhang, C. (2021) BICEP/Keck XII: Constraints on axionlike polarization oscillations in the cosmic microwave background. Physical Review D, 103 (4). Art. No. 042002. ISSN 2470-0010.

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We present a search for axionlike polarization oscillations in the cosmic microwave background (CMB) with observations from the Keck Array. A local axion field induces an all-sky, temporally sinusoidal rotation of CMB polarization. A CMB polarimeter can thus function as a direct-detection experiment for axionlike dark matter. We develop techniques to extract an oscillation signal. Many elements of the method are generic to CMB polarimetry experiments and can be adapted for other datasets. As a first demonstration, we process data from the 2012 observing season to set upper limits on the axion-photon coupling constant in the mass range 10⁻²¹–10⁻¹⁸ eV, which corresponds to oscillation periods on the order of hours to months. We find no statistically significant deviations from the background model. For periods larger than 24 hr (mass m < 4 .8×10⁻²⁰  eV), the median 95% confidence upper limit is equivalent to a rotation amplitude of 0.68°, which constrains the axion-photon coupling constant to g_(ϕγ) < (1.1×10⁻¹¹ GeV⁻¹)m/(10⁻²¹ eV), if axionlike particles constitute all of the dark matter. The constraints can be improved substantially with data already collected by the BICEP series of experiments. Current and future CMB polarimetry experiments are expected to achieve sufficient sensitivity to rule out unexplored regions of the axion parameter space.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription Paper
Ade, P. A. R.0000-0002-5127-0401
Basu Thakur, R.0000-0002-3351-3078
Bock, J. J.0000-0002-5710-5212
Connors, J.0000-0002-6094-2943
Cukierman, A.0000-0002-7471-719X
Dierickx, M.0000-0002-3519-8593
Filippini, J. P.0000-0001-8217-6832
Halpern, M.0000-0002-1760-0868
Hildebrandt, S. R.0000-0003-0220-0009
Moncelsi, L.0000-0002-4242-3015
Schillaci, A.0000-0002-0512-1042
Wandui, A.0000-0002-8232-7343
Wu, W. L. K.0000-0001-5411-6920
Zhang, C.0000-0001-8288-5823
Additional Information:© 2021 American Physical Society. Received 17 November 2020; accepted 7 January 2021; published 12 February 2021. We thank Adam J. Anderson, Aviv R. Cukierman, Michael A. Fedderke, and Ethan O. Nadler for useful conversations. The BICEP/Keck projects have been made possible through a series of grants from the National Science Foundation including Grants No. 0742818, No. 0742592, No. 1044978, No. 1110087, No. 1145172, No. 1145143, No. 1145248, No. 1639040, No. 1638957, No. 1638978, No. 1638970, and No. 1836010, and by the Keck Foundation. The development of antenna-coupled detector technology was supported by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) Research and Technology Development Fund and Grants No. 06-ARPA206-0040 and No. 10-SAT10-0017 from the NASA Astrophysics Research and Analysis program (APRA) and Strategic Astrophysics Technology (SAT) programs. The development and testing of focal planes were supported by the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation at Caltech. Readout electronics were supported by a Canada Foundation for Innovation grant to UBC. The computations in this paper were run on the Odyssey cluster supported by the FAS Science Division Research Computing Group at Harvard University. The analysis effort at Stanford and S. L. A. C. was partially supported by the Department of Energy, Contract No. DE-AC02-76SF00515. We thank the staff of the U.S. Antarctic Program and in particular the South Pole Station without whose help this research would not have been possible. Most special thanks go to our heroic winter-overs Robert Schwarz and Steffen Richter. We thank all those who have contributed past efforts to the BICEP/Keck series of experiments, including the BICEP1 team.
Group:Astronomy Department
Funding AgencyGrant Number
W. M. Keck FoundationUNSPECIFIED
JPL Research and Technology Development FundUNSPECIFIED
Gordon and Betty Moore FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Canada Foundation for InnovationUNSPECIFIED
Harvard UniversityUNSPECIFIED
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-AC02-76SF00515
Issue or Number:4
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20210212-124140264
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Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:108038
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:12 Feb 2021 21:31
Last Modified:12 Feb 2021 21:31

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