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Ionic rotational branching ratios in resonant enhanced multiphoton ionization of NO via the A 2Sigma+(3ssigma) and D 2Sigma+(3psigma) states

Rudolph, H. and Dixit, S. N. and McKoy, V. and Huo, W. M. (1988) Ionic rotational branching ratios in resonant enhanced multiphoton ionization of NO via the A 2Sigma+(3ssigma) and D 2Sigma+(3psigma) states. Journal of Chemical Physics, 88 (2). pp. 637-641. ISSN 0021-9606. doi:10.1063/1.454191.

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We present the results of ab initio calculations of the ionic rotational branching ratios in NO for a (1+1) REMPI (resonant enhanced multiphoton ionization) via the A 2Sigma+(3ssigma) state and a (2+1) REMPI via the D 2Sigma+(3psigma) state. Despite the atomic-like character of the bound 3ssigma and 3psigma orbitals in these resonant states, the photoelectron continuum exhibits strong l mixing. The selection rule DeltaN+l=odd (DeltaN[equivalent]N+−Ni) implies that the peaks in the photoelectron spectrum corresponding to DeltaN=odd (±1,±3) are sensitive to even partial waves while those corresponding to even DeltaN probe the odd partial waves in the photoelectron continuum. Recent experimental high resolution photoelectron studies have shown a strong DeltaN=0 peak for ionization via the A 2Sigma+ and the D 2Sigma+ states, indicating a dominance of odd-l partial waves. While this seems natural for ionization out of the 3ssigma orbital, it is quite anomalous for 3psigma ionization. Based on extensive bound calculations, Viswanathan et al. [J. Phys. Chem. 90, 5078 (1986)] attribute this anomaly to a strong l mixing in the electronic continuum caused by the nonspherical molecular potential. We have performed ab initio calculations of the rotational branching ratios and compared them with the experimental results. The electronic continuum shows a significant p-wave component which leads to the large DeltaN=0 peak in both cases. Calculations are performed for both rotationally "clean" and "mixed" branches. The relative heights of the peaks are very sensitive to the photoelectron kinetic energy for the D 2Sigma+ state and less so for the A 2Sigma+ state. This is a direct consequence of the l mixing in the continuum.

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Additional Information:Copyright © 1988 American Institute of Physics. Received 21 August 1987; accepted 29 September 1987. This material is based on research supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. CHE-8521391, AFOSR under Grant No. 87-0039, and the Office of Health and Environmental Research of DOE (DE-FG03-87-ER60513), and by the NASA-Ames Cooperative Agreement No. NCC2-319. Work done by S.N.D. was performed under the auspices of the U.S. Department of Energy by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory under Contract No. W-7405-Eng-48. H.R. gratefully acknowledges the support from the Danish Natural Science Research Council.
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