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Resolvent analysis of stratification effects on wall-bounded shear flows

Ahmed, M. A. and Bae, H. J. and Thompson, A. F. and McKeon, B. J. (2021) Resolvent analysis of stratification effects on wall-bounded shear flows. . (Unpublished)

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The interaction between shear driven turbulence and stratification is a key process in a wide array of geophysical flows with spatio-temporal scales that span many orders of magnitude. A quick numerical model prediction based on external parameters of stratified boundary layers could greatly benefit the understanding of the interaction between velocity and scalar flux at varying scales. For these reasons, here, we use the resolvent framework to investigate the effects of an active scalar on incompressible wall-bounded turbulence. We obtain the state of the flow system by applying the linear resolvent operator to the nonlinear terms in the governing Navier-Stokes equations with the Boussinesq approximation. This extends the formulation to include the scalar advection equation with the scalar component acting in the wall-normal direction in the momentum equations. We use the mean velocity profiles from a DNS of a stably-stratified turbulent channel flow at varying friction Richardson number. The results obtained from the resolvent analysis are compared to the premultiplied energy spectra, auto-correlation coefficient, and the energy budget terms obtained from the DNS. It is shown that despite using only a very limited range of representative scales, the resolvent model is able to reproduce the balance of energy budget terms as well as provide meaningful insight of coherent structures occurring in the flow. Computation of the leading resolvent models, despite considering a limited range of scales, reproduces the balance of energy budget terms, provides meaningful predictions of coherent structures in the flow, and is more cost-effective than performing full-scale simulations. This quick model can provide further understanding of stratified flows with only information about the mean profile and prior knowledge of energetic scales of motion in the neutrally-buoyant boundary layers.

Item Type:Report or Paper (Discussion Paper)
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription Paper
Ahmed, M. A.0000-0002-3479-6946
Bae, H. J.0000-0001-6789-6209
Thompson, A. F.0000-0003-0322-4811
McKeon, B. J.0000-0003-4220-1583
Additional Information:Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). The support of a Vannevar Bush Faculty Fellowship administered under the U.S. Office of Naval Research, grant #N00014-17-1-3022, is gratefully acknowledged. Additionally, the authors would like to thank Dr. Angeliki Laskari for insightful discussions.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Vannevar Bush FellowshipUNSPECIFIED
Office of Naval Research (ONR)N00014-17-1-3022
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20210223-153658783
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Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:108160
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:23 Feb 2021 23:50
Last Modified:23 Feb 2021 23:50

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