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The Thermal Ionization of Gaseous Elements at High Temperatures: A Confirmation of the Saha Theory

Noyes, Arthur A. and Wilson, H. A. (1922) The Thermal Ionization of Gaseous Elements at High Temperatures: A Confirmation of the Saha Theory. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 8 (10). pp. 303-307. ISSN 0027-8424. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:NOYpnas22

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Abstract

In a recent article Eggert has shown that the ordinary thermodynamic expression for the effect of temperature on the equilibrium of chemical reactions, when supplemented by assumptions as to the values of the special constants occurring in it, can be applied to the calculation of the extent to which under different conditions neutral atoms of the gaseous elements are converted into positive ions and free electrons. Saha has shown that the most uncertain factor in Eggert's formulation can be eliminated by introducing the ionization-potential of the element. He has then calculated the dissociation of the first electron from the atoms of many important elements, thus, the extent to which such reactions as Na = Na+ + E- take place, where E- represents electron gas. He has tabulated the values of this percentage ionization at various temperatures and pressures; and he has especially pointed out the great significance which these considerations may have for the interpretation of the spectra of elements under solar and stellar conditions.


Item Type:Article
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http://www.pnas.org/cgi/reprint/8/10/303OtherUNSPECIFIED
Additional Information:Copyright © 1922 by the National Academy of Sciences Read before the Academy, April 25, 1922
Issue or Number:10
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:NOYpnas22
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:NOYpnas22
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:1084
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Archive Administrator
Deposited On:18 Dec 2005
Last Modified:02 Oct 2019 22:39

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