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LIGO detector characterization in the second and third observing runs

Davis, D. and Areeda, J. S. and Berger, B. K. and Bruntz, R. and Effler, A. and Essick, R. C. and Fisher, R. P. and Godwin, P. and Goetz, E. and Helmling-Cornell, A. F. and Hughey, B. and Katsavounidis, E. and Lundgren, A. P. and Macleod, D. M. and Márka, Z. and Massinger, T. J. and Matas, A. and McIver, J. and Mo, G. and Mogushi, K. and Nguyen, P. and Nuttall, L. K. and Schofield, R. M. S. and Shoemaker, D. H. and Soni, S. and Stuver, A. L. and Urban, A. L. and Valdes, G. and Walker, M. and Abbott, R. and Adams, C. and Adhikari, R. X. and Ananyeva, A. and Appert, S. and Arai, K. and Asali, Y. and Aston, S. M. and Austin, C. and Baer, A. M. and Ball, M. and Ballmer, S. W. and Banagiri, S. and Barker, D. and Barschaw, C. and Barsotti, L. and Bartlett, J. and Betzwieser, J. and Beda, R. and Bhattacharjee, D. and Bidler, J. and Billingsley, G. and Biscans, S. and Blair, C. D. and Blair, R. M. and Bode, N. and Booker, P. and Bork, R. and Bramley, A. and Brooks, A. F. and Brown, D. D. and Buikema, A. and Cahillane, C. and Callister, T. A. and Santoro, G. Caneva and Cannon, K. C. and Carlin, J. and Chandra, K. and Chen, X. and Christensen, N. and Ciobanu, A. A. and Clara, F. and Compton, C. M. and Cooper, S. J. and Corley, K. R. and Coughlin, M. W. and Countryman, S. T. and Covas, P. B. and Coyne, D. C. and Crowder, S. G. and Canton, T. Dal and Danila, B. and Datrier, L. E. H. and Davies, G. S. and Dent, T. and Didio, N. A. and Fronzo, C. Di and Dooley, K. L. and Driggers, J. C. and Dupej, P. and Dwyer, S. E. and Etzel, T. and Evans, M. and Evans, T. M. and Fairhurst, S. and Feicht, J. and Fernandez-Galiana, A. and Frey, R. and Fritschel, P. and Frolov, V. V. and Fulda, P. and Fyffe, M. and Gadre, B. U. and Giaime, J. A. and Giardina, K. D. and González, G. and Gras, S. and Gray, C. and Gray, R. and Green, A. C. and Gupta, A. and Gustafson, E. K. and Gustafson, R. and Hanks, J. and Hanson, J. and Hardwick, T. and Harry, I. W. and Hasskew, R. K. and Heintze, M. C. and Heinzel, J. and Holland, N. A. and Hollows, I. J. and Hoy, C. G. and Hughey, S. and Jadhav, S. J. and Janssens, K. and Johns, G. and Jones, J. D. and Kandhasamy, S. and Karki, S. and Kasprzack, M. and Kawabe, K. and Keitel, D. and Kijbunchoo, N. and Kim, Y. M. and King, P. J. and Kissel, J. S. and Kulkarni, S. and Kumar, Rahul and Landry, M. and Lane, B. B. and Lantz, B. and Laxen, M. and Lecoeuche, Y. K. and Leviton, J. and Liu, J. and Lormand, M. and Macas, R. and Macedo, A. and MacInnis, M. and Mandic, V. and Mansell, G. L. and Márka, S. and Martinez, B. and Martinovic, K. and Martynov, D. V. and Mason, K. and Matichard, F. and Mavalvala, N. and McCarthy, R. and McClelland, D. E. and McCormick, S. and McCuller, L. and McIsaac, C. and McRae, T. and Mendell, G. and Merfeld, K. and Merilh, E. L. and Meyers, P. M. and Meylahn, F. and Michaloliakos, I. and Middleton, H. and Mills, J. C. and Mistry, T. and Mittleman, R. and Moreno, G. and Mow-Lowry, C. M. and Mozzon, S. and Mueller, L. and Mukund, N. and Mullavey, A. and Muth, J. and Nelson, T. J. N. and Neunzert, A. and Nichols, S. and Nitoglia, E. and Oberling, J. and Oh, J. J. and Oh, S. H. and Oram, Richard J. and Ormiston, R. G. and Ormsby, N. and Osthelder, C. and Ottaway, D. J. and Overmier, H. and Pai, A. and Palamos, J. R. and Pannarale, F. and Parker, W. and Patane, O. and Patel, M. and Payne, E. and Pele, A. and Penhorwood, R. and Perez, C. J. and Phukon, K. S. and Pillas, M. and Pirello, M. and Radkins, H. and Ramirez, K. E. and Richardson, J. W. and Riles, K. and Rink, K. and Robertson, N. A. and Rollins, J. G. and Romel, C. L. and Romie, J. H. and Ross, M. P. and Ryan, K. and Sadecki, T. and Sakellariadou, M. and Sanchez, E. J. and Sanchez, L. E. and Sandles, L. and Saravanan, T. R. and Savage, R. L. and Schaetzl, D. and Schnabel, R. and Schwartz, E. and Sellers, D. and Shaffer, T. and Sigg, D. and Sintes, A. M. and Slagmolen, B. J. J. and Smith, J. R. and Soni, K. and Sorazu, B. and Spencer, A. P. and Strain, K. A. and Strom, D. and Sun, L. and Szczepańczyk, M. J. and Tasson, J. and Tenorio, R. and Thomas, M. and Thomas, P. and Thorne, K. A. and Toland, K. and Torrie, C. I. and Tran, A. and Traylor, G. and Trevor, M. and Tse, M. and Vajente, G. and Remortel, N. van and Vander-Hyde, D. C. and Vargas, A. and Veitch, J. and Veitch, P. J. and Venkateswara, K. and Venugopalan, G. and Viets, A. D. and Villa-Ortega, V. and Vo, T. and Vorvick, C. and Wade, M. and Wallace, G. S. and Ward, R. L. and Warner, J. and Weaver, B. and Weinstein, A. J. and Weiss, R. and Wette, K. and White, D. D. and White, L. V. and Whittle, C. and Williamson, A. R. and Willke, B. and Wipf, C. C. and Xiao, L. and Xu, R. and Yamamoto, H. and Yu, Hang and Yu, Haocun and Zhang, L. and Zheng, Y. and Zucker, M. E. and Zweizig, J. (2021) LIGO detector characterization in the second and third observing runs. Classical and Quantum Gravity, 38 (13). Art. No. 135014. ISSN 0264-9381. doi:10.1088/1361-6382/abfd85.

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The characterization of the Advanced LIGO detectors in the second and third observing runs has increased the sensitivity of the instruments, allowing for a higher number of detectable gravitational-wave signals, and provided confirmation of all observed gravitational-wave events. In this work, we present the methods used to characterize the LIGO detectors and curate the publicly available datasets, including the LIGO strain data and data quality products. We describe the essential role of these datasets in LIGO–Virgo Collaboration analyses of gravitational-waves from both transient and persistent sources and include details on the provenance of these datasets in order to support analyses of LIGO data by the broader community. Finally, we explain anticipated changes in the role of detector characterization and current efforts to prepare for the high rate of gravitational-wave alerts and events in future observing runs.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription Paper
Davis, D.0000-0001-5620-6751
Adhikari, R. X.0000-0002-5731-5076
Arai, K.0000-0001-8916-8915
Billingsley, G.0000-0002-4141-2744
Biscans, S.0000-0002-9635-7527
Brooks, A. F.0000-0003-4295-792X
Cahillane, C.0000-0002-3888-314X
Coyne, D. C.0000-0002-6427-3222
Gupta, A.0000-0002-1762-9644
Matichard, F.0000-0001-8982-8418
Richardson, J. W.0000-0002-1472-4806
Rollins, J. G.0000-0002-9388-2799
Sun, L.0000-0001-7959-892X
Vajente, G.0000-0002-7656-6882
Venugopalan, G.0000-0003-4414-9918
Weinstein, A. J.0000-0002-0928-6784
Xiao, L.0000-0003-2703-449X
Yamamoto, H.0000-0001-6919-9570
Zhang, L.0000-0002-0898-787X
Zucker, M. E.0000-0002-2544-1596
Zweizig, J.0000-0002-1521-3397
Additional Information:© 2021 IOP Publishing Ltd. Received 28 January 2021; Revised 31 March 2021; Accepted 30 April 2021; Published 3 June 2021. The authors would like to thank members of the Virgo and KAGRA detector characterization groups who have contributed to an environment of open collaboration that enabled this work. The authors gratefully acknowledge the support of the United States National Science Foundation (NSF) for the construction and operation of the LIGO Laboratory and Advanced LIGO as well as the Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC) of the United Kingdom, and the Max-Planck-Society (MPS) for support of the construction of Advanced LIGO. Additional support for Advanced LIGO was provided by the Australian Research Council. LIGO was constructed by the California Institute of Technology and Massachusetts Institute of Technology with funding from the National Science Foundation, and operates under cooperative agreement PHY-1764464. Advanced LIGO was built under award PHY-0823459. The authors are grateful for computational resources provided by the LIGO Laboratory and supported by National Science Foundation Grants PHY-0757058 and PHY-0823459. This work carries LIGO Document number P2000495. We would like to thank all of the essential workers who put their health at risk during the COVID-19 pandemic, without whom we would not have been able to complete this work. Data availability statement. The data that support the findings of this study are available upon reasonable request from the authors.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC)UNSPECIFIED
Australian Research CouncilUNSPECIFIED
Other Numbering System:
Other Numbering System NameOther Numbering System ID
LIGO DocumentP2000495
Issue or Number:13
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20210329-152811037
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Official Citation:D Davis et al 2021 Class. Quantum Grav. 38 135014
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:108577
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:31 Mar 2021 02:02
Last Modified:12 Jul 2022 19:49

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