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Survival times of supramassive neutron stars resulting from binary neutron star mergers

Beniamini, Paz and Lu, Wenbin (2021) Survival times of supramassive neutron stars resulting from binary neutron star mergers. . (Unpublished)

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A binary neutron star (BNS) merger can lead to various outcomes, from indefinitely stable neutron stars, through supramassive (SMNS) or hypermassive (HMNS) neutron stars supported only temporarily against gravity, to black holes formed promptly after the merger. Up-to-date constraints on the BNS total mass and the neutron star equation of state suggest that a long-lived SMNS may form in ∼0.45−0.9 of BNS mergers. We find that a SMNS typically needs to lose ∼3−6×10⁵² erg of it's rotational energy before it collapses, on a fraction of the spin-down timescale. A SMNS formation imprints on the electromagnetic counterparts to the BNS merger. However, a comparison with observations reveals tensions. First, the distribution of collapse times is too wide and that of released energies too narrow (and the energy itself too large) to explain the observed distributions of internal X-ray plateaus, invoked as evidence for SMNS-powered energy injection. Secondly, the immense energy injection into the blastwave should lead to extremely bright radio transients which previous studies found to be inconsistent with deep radio observations of short gamma-ray bursts. Furthermore, we show that upcoming all-sky radio surveys will enable to constrain the distribution of extracted energies, independently of a GRB jet formation. Our results can be self-consistently understood, provided that BNS merger remnants collapse shortly after their formation (even if their masses are low enough to allow for SMNS formation). We briefly outline how this collapse may be achieved. Future simulations will be needed to test this hypothesis.

Item Type:Report or Paper (Discussion Paper)
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription Paper
Beniamini, Paz0000-0001-7833-1043
Lu, Wenbin0000-0002-1568-7461
Additional Information:We thank Pawan Kumar, Brian Metzger and Kenta Hotokezaka for helpful discussions. The research of PB was funded by the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation through Grant GBMF5076. WL was supported by the David and Ellen Lee Fellowship at Caltech. Data availability: The data produced in this study will be shared on reasonable request to the authors.
Group:TAPIR, Walter Burke Institute for Theoretical Physics
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Gordon and Betty Moore FoundationGBMF5076
David and Ellen Lee Postdoctoral ScholarshipUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:stars: neutron – gamma-ray burst: general – stars: jets
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20210408-121458570
Persistent URL:
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:108657
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:09 Apr 2021 17:54
Last Modified:09 Apr 2021 17:54

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