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Characterization of Er³⁺:YVO₄ for microwave to optical transduction

Xie, Tian and Rochman, Jake and Bartholomew, John G. and Ruskuc, Andrei and Kindem, Jonathan M. and Craiciu, Ioana and Thiel, Charles W. and Cone, Rufus L. and Faraon, Andrei (2021) Characterization of Er³⁺:YVO₄ for microwave to optical transduction. Physical Review B, 104 (5). Art. No. 054111. ISSN 2469-9950. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.104.054111.

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Quantum transduction between microwave and optical frequencies is important for connecting superconducting quantum platforms within a quantum network. Ensembles of rare-earth ions are promising candidates to achieve this conversion due to their collective coherence properties at microwave and optical frequencies. Erbium ions are of particular interest because of their telecom wavelength optical transitions that are compatible with fiber communication networks and components. Here, we report the optical and electron spin properties of erbium-doped yttrium orthovanadate (Er³⁺:YVO₄), including high-resolution optical spectroscopy, electron paramagnetic resonance studies, and an initial demonstration of microwave to optical conversion of classical fields. The highly absorptive optical transitions and narrow ensemble linewidths make Er³⁺:YVO₄ promising for magneto-optic quantum transduction.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription Paper
Bartholomew, John G.0000-0003-0780-2471
Ruskuc, Andrei0000-0001-7684-7409
Kindem, Jonathan M.0000-0002-7737-9368
Craiciu, Ioana0000-0002-8670-0715
Faraon, Andrei0000-0002-8141-391X
Alternate Title:Characterization of Er3+:YVO4 for microwave to optical transduction
Additional Information:© 2021 American Physical Society. Received 24 March 2021; revised 18 June 2021; accepted 13 July 2021; published 16 August 2021. This paper was supported by Army Research Office (ARO/LPS) (CQTS) Grant No. W911NF1810011, Office of Naval Research Award No. N00014-19-1-2182, Air Force Office of Scientific Research Grant No. FA9550-18-1-0374 and No. FA9550-21-1-0055, Northrop Grumman, and Weston Havens Foundation. All work at Montana State University and part of the work at Caltech was supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. 1936350. J.G.B. acknowledges the support of the American Australian Association's Northrop Grumman Fellowship. I.C. and J.R. acknowledge support from the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (Grant No. PGSD2-502755-2017 and No. PGSD3-502844-2017). We would also like to acknowledge E. Miyazono for the initial measurements of Er³⁺:YVO₄ and M. Shaw for help with superconducting photon detectors.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Army Research Office (ARO)W911NF1810011
Office of Naval Research (ONR)N00014-19-1-2182
Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR)FA9550-18-1-0374
Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR)FA9550-21-1-0055
Northrop Grumman CorporationUNSPECIFIED
Weston Havens FoundationUNSPECIFIED
American Australian AssociationUNSPECIFIED
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC)PGSD2-502755-2017
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC)PGSD3-502844-2017
Issue or Number:5
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20210409-133949177
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Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:108677
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:12 Apr 2021 01:23
Last Modified:18 Aug 2021 18:34

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