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Mars Orbiter for Resources, Ices, and Environments (MORIE) Science Goals and Instrument Trades in Radar, Imaging, and Spectroscopy

Calvin, Wendy M. and Putzig, Nathaniel E. and Dundas, Colin M. and Bramson, Ali M. and Horgan, Briony H. N. and Seelos, Kim D. and Sizemore, Hanna G. and Ehlmann, Bethany L. and Morgan, Gareth A. and Holt, John W. and Murchie, Scott L. and Patterson, G. Wesley (2021) Mars Orbiter for Resources, Ices, and Environments (MORIE) Science Goals and Instrument Trades in Radar, Imaging, and Spectroscopy. Planetary Science Journal, 2 (2). Art. No. 76. ISSN 2632-3338. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20210429-144554013

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Abstract

The Mars Orbiter for Resources, Ices, and Environments (MORIE) was selected as one of NASA's 2019 Planetary Mission Concept Studies. The mission builds upon recent discoveries and current knowledge gaps linked to two primary scientific questions: (1) when did elements of the cryosphere form and how are ice deposits linked to current, recent, and ancient climate, and (2) how does the crust record the evolution of surface environments and their transition through time? Addressing these questions has emerged in numerous recent reports as a high priority in investigating the evolution of Mars as a habitable world. A subsidiary goal of the mission concept is to provide information relevant to the eventual human exploration of Mars, specifically helping to locate and quantify near-surface water ice and hydrated mineral resources. The proposed instrument suite includes polarimetric synthetic aperture radar imaging, radar sounding, high-resolution visible and infrared imaging, both short-wave and thermal-infrared spectroscopy, and multichannel wide-angle imaging. MORIE would provide novel measurements of Mars expected to lead to significant new discoveries by the first radar imaging from orbit, radar sounding directly over the poles, and mineral mapping at spatial scales that will unravel geologic sequence stratigraphy through time. The final report of the mission concept provides details on the spacecraft, orbital design, technological maturity, results from systems-level integration studies, and costs. This article is intended to expand upon the science motivation for the mission, the measurement goals and objectives, and the instrument trade space that was examined in detail during the concept study.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.3847/psj/abe4dbDOIArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Calvin, Wendy M.0000-0002-6097-9586
Putzig, Nathaniel E.0000-0003-4485-6321
Dundas, Colin M.0000-0003-2343-7224
Bramson, Ali M.0000-0003-4903-0916
Horgan, Briony H. N.0000-0001-6314-9724
Seelos, Kim D.0000-0001-7236-0580
Sizemore, Hanna G.0000-0002-6641-2388
Ehlmann, Bethany L.0000-0002-2745-3240
Morgan, Gareth A.0000-0002-9513-8736
Holt, John W.0000-0003-1314-7848
Murchie, Scott L.0000-0002-1616-8751
Patterson, G. Wesley0000-0003-4787-3899
Additional Information:© 2021. The Author(s). Published by the American Astronomical Society. Original content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 licence. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI. Received 2020 November 16; revised 2021 January 31; accepted 2021 February 8; published 2021 April 27. This work was supported by NASA grant #80NSSC20K0578 to UC Berkeley for the MORIE and MOSAIC Planetary Mission Concept Studies. We appreciate the technical and engineering support provided by Steve Matousek, Nathan Barba, Ryan Wooley, and Cassie Stuurman as the main technical leads at JPL and acknowledge the many other individuals who participated in this study as cited in the final report. The manuscript benefited from internal review through the USGS from Janet Ritchie and Laz Kestay, and two anonymous reviews from AAS. We appreciate their time and opportunity to improve the manuscript's clarity and content.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NASA80NSSC20K0578
Subject Keywords:Spectroscopy; Radar astronomy; Mars; Space vehicle instruments
Issue or Number:2
Classification Code:Unified Astronomy Thesaurus concepts: Spectroscopy (1558); Radar astronomy (1329); Mars (1007); Space vehicle instruments (1548)
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20210429-144554013
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20210429-144554013
Official Citation:Wendy M Calvin et al 2021 Planet. Sci. J. 2 76
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:108887
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:30 Apr 2021 20:59
Last Modified:30 Apr 2021 20:59

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