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Search for electron-antineutrinos associated with gravitational-wave events GW150914, GW151012, GW151226, GW170104, GW170608, GW170814, and GW170817 at Daya Bay

An, F. P. and Balantekin, A. B. and Band, H. R. and Bishai, M. and Blyth, S. and Cao, G. F. and Cao, J. and Chang, J. F. and Chang, Y. and Chen, H. S. and Chen, S. M. and Chen, Y. and Chen, Y. X. and Cheng, J. and Cheng, Z. K. and Cherwinka, J. J. and Chu, M. C. and Cummings, J. P. and Dalager, O. and Deng, F. S. and Ding, Y. Y. and Diwan, M. V. and Dohnal, T. and Dove, J. and Dvořák, M. and Dwyer, D. A. and Gallo, J. P. and Gonchar, M. and Gong, G. H. and Gong, H. and Gu, W. Q. and Guo, J. Y. and Guo, L. and Guo, X. H. and Guo, Y. H. and Guo, Z. and Hackenburg, R. W. and Hans, S. and He, M. and Heeger, K. M. and Heng, Y. K. and Higuera, A. and Hor, Y. K. and Hsiung, Y. B. and Hu, B. Z. and Hu, J. R. and Hu, T. and Hu, Z. J. and Huang, H. X. and Huang, X. T. and Huang, Y. B. and Huber, P. and Jaffe, D. E. and Jen, K. L. and Ji, X. L. and Ji, X. P. and Johnson, R. A. and Jones, D. and Kang, L. and Kettell, S. H. and Kohn, S. and Kramer, M. and Langford, T. J. and Lee, J. and Lee, J. H. C. and Lei, R. T. and Leitner, R. and Leung, J. K. C. and Li, F. and Li, J. J. and Li, Q. J. and Li, S. and Li, S. C. and Li, W. D. and Li, X. N. and Li, X. Q. and Li, Y. F. and Li, Z. B. and Liang, H. and Lin, C. J. and Lin, G. L. and Lin, S. and Ling, J. J. and Link, J. M. and Littenberg, L. and Littlejohn, B. R. and Liu, J. C. and Liu, J. L. and Lu, C. and Lu, H. Q. and Lu, J. S. and Luk, K. B. and Ma, X. B. and Ma, X. Y. and Ma, Y. Q. and Marshall, C. and Martinez Caicedo, D. A. and McDonald, K. T. and McKeown, R. D. and Meng, Y. and Napolitano, J. and Naumov, D. and Naumova, E. and Ochoa-Ricoux, J. P. and Olshevskiy, A. and Pan, H. -R. and Park, J. and Patton, S. and Peng, J. C. and Pun, C. S. J. and Qi, F. Z. and Qi, M. and Qian, X. and Raper, N. and Ren, J. and Morales Reveco, C. and Rosero, R. and Roskovec, B. and Ruan, X. C. and Steiner, H. and Sun, J. L. and Tmej, T. and Treskov, K. and Tse, W. -H. and Tull, C. E. and Viren, B. and Vorobel, V. and Wang, C. H. and Wang, J. and Wang, M. and Wang, N. Y. and Wang, R. G. and Wang, W. and Wang, W. and Wang, X. and Wang, Y. and Wang, Y. F. and Wang, Z. and Wang, Z. and Wang, Z. M. and Wei, H. Y. and Wei, L. H. and Wen, L. J. and Whisnant, K. and White, C. G. and Wong, H. L. H. and Worcester, E. and Wu, D. R. and Wu, F. L. and Wu, Q. and Wu, W. J. and Xia, D. M. and Xie, Z. Q. and Xing, Z. Z. and Xu, J. L. and Xu, T. and Xue, T. and Yang, C. G. and Yang, L. and Yang, Y. Z. and Yao, H. F. and Ye, M. and Yeh, M. and Young, B. L. and Yu, H. Z. and Yu, Z. Y. and Yue, B. B. and Zeng, S. and Zeng, Y. and Zhan, L. and Zhang, C. and Zhang, F. Y. and Zhang, H. H. and Zhang, J. W. and Zhang, Q. M. and Zhang, X. T. and Zhang, Y. M. and Zhang, Y. X. and Zhang, Y. Y. and Zhang, Z. J. and Zhang, Z. P. and Zhang, Z. Y. and Zhao, J. and Zhou, L. and Zhuang, H. L. and Zou, J. H. (2021) Search for electron-antineutrinos associated with gravitational-wave events GW150914, GW151012, GW151226, GW170104, GW170608, GW170814, and GW170817 at Daya Bay. Chinese Physics C, 45 (5). Art. No. 055001. ISSN 1674-1137. doi:10.1088/1674-1137/abe84b.

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The establishment of a possible connection between neutrino emission and gravitational-wave (GW) bursts is important to our understanding of the physical processes that occur when black holes or neutron stars merge. In the Daya Bay experiment, using the data collected from December 2011 to August 2017, a search was performed for electron-antineutrino signals that coincided with detected GW events, including GW150914, GW151012, GW151226, GW170104, GW170608, GW170814, and GW170817. We used three time windows of ±10, ±500, and ±1000 s relative to the occurrence of the GW events and a neutrino energy range of 1.8 to 100 MeV to search for correlated neutrino candidates. The detected electron-antineutrino candidates were consistent with the expected background rates for all the three time windows. Assuming monochromatic spectra, we found upper limits (90% confidence level) of the electron-antineutrino fluence of (1.13 − 2.44)×10¹¹ cm⁻² at 5 MeV to 8.0×10⁷ cm⁻² at 100 MeV for the three time windows. Under the assumption of a Fermi-Dirac spectrum, the upper limits were found to be (5.4 − 7.0)×10⁹ cm⁻² for the three time windows.

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Additional Information:© 2021 Chinese Physical Society and the Institute of High Energy Physics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Institute of Modern Physics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and IOP Publishing Ltd. Daya Bay is supported in part by the Ministry of Science and Technology of China, the U.S. Department of Energy, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the CAS Center for Excellence in Particle Physics, the National Natural Science Foundation of China, the Guangdong provincial government, the Shenzhen municipal government, the China General Nuclear Power Group, Key Laboratory of Particle and Radiation Imaging (Tsinghua University), the Ministry of Education, Key Laboratory of Particle Physics and Particle Irradiation (Shandong University), the Ministry of Education, Shanghai Laboratory for Particle Physics and Cosmology, the Research Grants Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of China, the University Development Fund of the University of Hong Kong, the MOE program for Research of Excellence at National Taiwan University, National Chiao-Tung University, NSC fund support from Taiwan, the U.S. National Science Foundation, the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, the Ministry of Education, Youth, and Sports of the Czech Republic, the Charles University GAUK (284317), the Joint Institute of Nuclear Research in Dubna, Russia, the National Commission of Scientific and Technological Research of Chile, and the Tsinghua University Initiative Scientific Research Program.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Ministry of Science and Technology (Taipei)UNSPECIFIED
Department of Energy (DOE)UNSPECIFIED
Chinese Academy of SciencesUNSPECIFIED
National Natural Science Foundation of ChinaUNSPECIFIED
Guangdong Provincial GovernmentUNSPECIFIED
Shenzhen Municipal GovernmentUNSPECIFIED
China General Nuclear Power GroupUNSPECIFIED
Tsinghua UniversityUNSPECIFIED
Ministry of Education (Taipei)UNSPECIFIED
Shandong UniversityUNSPECIFIED
Shanghai Laboratory for Particle Physics and CosmologyUNSPECIFIED
Research Grants Council of Hong KongUNSPECIFIED
University of Hong KongUNSPECIFIED
National Taiwan UniversityUNSPECIFIED
National Chiao-Tung UniversityUNSPECIFIED
National Science Council (Taipei)UNSPECIFIED
Alfred P. Sloan FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports (MEYS) of the Czech RepublicUNSPECIFIED
Charles University284317
Joint Institute of Nuclear Research (Dubna)UNSPECIFIED
Comisión Nacional de Investigación Científica y Tecnológica (CONICYT)UNSPECIFIED
Tsinghua UniversityUNSPECIFIED
Issue or Number:5
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20210503-130827723
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Official Citation:F. P. An et al 2021 Chinese Phys. C 45 055001
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:108944
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:05 May 2021 18:44
Last Modified:05 May 2021 18:44

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