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Polyadenylic acid on poliovirus RNA. III. In vitro addition of polyadenylic acid to poliovirus RNAs

Spector, Deborah H. and Baltimore, David (1975) Polyadenylic acid on poliovirus RNA. III. In vitro addition of polyadenylic acid to poliovirus RNAs. Journal of Virology, 15 (6). pp. 1432-1439. ISSN 0022-538X.

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A crude RNA polymerase preparation was made from HeLa cells infected for 3 h with poliovirus. All virus-specific RNA species labeled in vitro (35S RNA, replicative intermediate RNA [RI], and double-stranded RNA [dsRNA]) would bind to poly(U) filters and contained RNase-resistant stretches of poly(A) which could be analyzed by electrophoresis in polyacrylamide gels. After incubation for 45 min with [3-H]ATP in the presence of the other three nucleoside triphosphates, the labeled poly(A) on the RI and dsRNA migrated on gels as relatively homogenous peaks approximately 200 nucleotides in length. In contrast, the poly(A) from the 35S RNA had a heterogeneous size distribution ranging from 50 to 250 nucleotides. In the absence of UTP, CTP, and GTP, the size of the newly labeled poly(A) on the dsRNA and RI RNA was the same as it was in the presence of all four nucleoside triphosphates. However the poly(A) on the 35S RNA lacked the larger sequences seen when the other three nucleoside triphosphates were present. When [3-H]ATP was used as the label in infected and uninfected extracts, heterogeneous single-stranded RNA sedimenting at less than 28S was also labeled. This heterogeneous RNA probably represents HeLa cytoplasmic RNA to which small lengths of poly(A) (approximately 15 nucleotides) had been added. These results indicate that in the in vitro system poly(A) can be added to both newly synthesized and preexisting RNA molecules. Furthermore, an enzyme capable of terminal addition of poly(A) exists in both infected and uninfected extracts.

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Baltimore, David0000-0001-8723-8190
Additional Information:Copyright © 1975 by the American Society for Microbiology. Received for publication 10 March 1975. The work was supported by Public Health Service grants CA-14051 (from the National Cancer Institute) and AI-08388 (from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases). D.H.S. was a predoctoral fellow of the National Science Foundation for part of the work. D.B. is an American Cancer Society Research professor.
Issue or Number:6
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:SPEjvir75b
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Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:10898
Deposited By: Archive Administrator
Deposited On:15 Jun 2008
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 00:14

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