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Probing Intra-Halo Light with Galaxy Stacking in CIBER Images

Cheng, Yun-Ting and Arai, Toshiaki and Bangale, Priyadarshini and Bock, James J. and Chang, Tzu-Ching and Cooray, Asantha and Feder, Richard M. and Korngut, Phillip M. and Lee, Dae Hee and Liu, Lunjun and Matsumoto, Toshio and Matsuura, Shuji and Nguyen, Chi H. and Sano, Kei and Tsumura, Kohji and Zemcov, Michael (2021) Probing Intra-Halo Light with Galaxy Stacking in CIBER Images. Astrophysical Journal, 919 (2). Art. No. 69. ISSN 0004-637X. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/ac0f5b.

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We study the stellar halos of 0.2 ≲ z ≲ 0.5 galaxies with stellar masses spanning M* ∼ 10^(10.5) to 10¹² M_⊙ (approximately L* galaxies at this redshift) using imaging data from the Cosmic Infrared Background Experiment (CIBER). A previous CIBER fluctuation analysis suggested that intra-halo light (IHL) contributes a significant portion of the near-infrared extragalactic background light (EBL), the integrated emission from all sources throughout cosmic history. In this work, we carry out a stacking analysis with a sample of ∼30,000 Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) photometric galaxies from CIBER images in two near-infrared bands (1.1 and 1.8 μm) to directly probe the IHL associated with these galaxies. We stack galaxies in five sub-samples split by brightness and detect an extended galaxy profile beyond the instrument point-spread function (PSF) derived by stacking stars. We jointly fit a model for the inherent galaxy light profile plus large-scale one- and two-halo clustering to measure the extended galaxy IHL. We detect nonlinear one-halo clustering in the 1.8 μm band at a level consistent with numerical simulations. By extrapolating the fraction of extended galaxy light we measure to all galaxy mass scales, we find ∼30%/15% of the total galaxy light budget from galaxies is at radius r > 10/20 kpc, respectively. These results are new at near-infrared wavelengths at the L* mass scale and suggest that the IHL emission and one-halo clustering could have appreciable contributions to the amplitude of large-scale EBL background fluctuations.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription Paper
Cheng, Yun-Ting0000-0002-5437-0504
Bangale, Priyadarshini0000-0002-3886-3739
Bock, James J.0000-0002-5710-5212
Chang, Tzu-Ching0000-0001-5929-4187
Cooray, Asantha0000-0002-3892-0190
Feder, Richard M.0000-0002-9330-8738
Matsumoto, Toshio0000-0001-6066-5221
Matsuura, Shuji0000-0002-5698-9634
Nguyen, Chi H.0000-0001-9368-3186
Sano, Kei0000-0002-6468-8532
Tsumura, Kohji0000-0001-7143-6520
Zemcov, Michael0000-0001-8253-1451
Additional Information:© 2021. The American Astronomical Society. Received 2021 March 5; revised 2021 June 21; accepted 2021 June 24; published 2021 September 28. We would like to thank the anonymous referee for valuable comments that improved the manuscript. We thank the dedicated efforts of the sounding rocket staff at NASA Wallops Flight Facility and White Sands Missile Range. This work was supported by NASA APRA research grants NNX07AI54G, NNG05WC18G, NNX07AG43G, NNX07AJ24G, NNX10AE12G, and 80NSSC20K0595. Initial support was provided by an award to J.B. from the Jet Propulsion Laboratory's Director's Research and Development Fund. Japanese participation in CIBER was supported by KAKENHI (20.34, 18204018, 19540250, 21340047, 21111004, 24111717, 26800112, and 15H05744) from Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) and the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT). Korean participation in CIBER was supported by the Pioneer Project from Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute (KASI). Y.-T.C. acknowledges support by the Ministry of Education, Taiwan through the Taiwan-Caltech Scholarship. C.H.N. acknowledges support by NASA Headquarters under the NASA Earth and Space Science Fellowship Program—Grant 80NSSCK0706. Part of the research was carried out at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, under a contract with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (80NM0018D0004). This publication makes use of data products from the Two Micron All Sky Survey, which is a joint project of the University of Massachusetts and the Infrared Processing and Analysis Center/California Institute of Technology, funded by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and the National Science Foundation. The Pan-STARRS1 Surveys (PS1) and the PS1 public science archive have been made possible through contributions by the Institute for Astronomy, the University of Hawaii, the Pan-STARRS Project Office, the Max-Planck Society and its participating institutes, the Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Heidelberg and the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics, Garching, The Johns Hopkins University, Durham University, the University of Edinburgh, the Queen's University Belfast, the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, the Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope Network Incorporated, the National Central University of Taiwan, the Space Telescope Science Institute, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration under Grant No. NNX08AR22G issued through the Planetary Science Division of the NASA Science Mission Directorate, the National Science Foundation grant No. AST-1238877, the University of Maryland, Eotvos Lorand University (ELTE), the Los Alamos National Laboratory, and the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation. Funding for the Sloan Digital Sky Survey IV has been provided by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science, and the Participating Institutions. SDSS-IV acknowledges support and resources from the Center for High-Performance Computing at the University of Utah. The SDSS website is SDSS-IV is managed by the Astrophysical Research Consortium for the Participating Institutions of the SDSS Collaboration including the Brazilian Participation Group, the Carnegie Institution for Science, Carnegie Mellon University, the Chilean Participation Group, the French Participation Group, Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, The Johns Hopkins University, Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe (IPMU)/University of Tokyo, the Korean Participation Group, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Leibniz Institut für Astrophysik Potsdam (AIP), Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie (MPIA Heidelberg), Max-Planck-Institut für Astrophysik (MPA Garching), Max-Planck-Institut für Extraterrestrische Physik (MPE), National Astronomical Observatories of China, New Mexico State University, New York University, University of Notre Dame, Observatário Nacional/MCTI, The Ohio State University, Pennsylvania State University, Shanghai Astronomical Observatory, United Kingdom Participation Group, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, University of Arizona, University of Colorado Boulder, University of Oxford, University of Portsmouth, University of Utah, University of Virginia, University of Washington, University of Wisconsin, Vanderbilt University, and Yale University. This work has made use of data from the European Space Agency (ESA) mission Gaia (, processed by the Gaia Data Processing and Analysis Consortium (DPAC, Funding for the DPAC has been provided by national institutions, in particular the institutions participating in the Gaia Multilateral Agreement. This work has made use of CosmoHub. CosmoHub has been developed by the Port d'Informació Científica (PIC), maintained through a collaboration of the Institut de Física d'Altes Energies (IFAE) and the Centro de Investigaciones Energéticas, Medioambientales y Tecnológicas (CIEMAT) and the Institute of Space Sciences (CSIC & IEEC), and was partially funded by the "Plan Estatal de Investigación Científica y Técnica y de Innovación" program of the Spanish government. Software: astropy (Astropy Collaboration et al. 2013), emcee (Foreman-Mackey et al. 2013), corner (Foreman-Mackey 2016), (Lang et al. 2010), LePHARE (Arnouts et al. 1999; Ilbert et al. 2006).
Group:Astronomy Department
Funding AgencyGrant Number
JPL Research and Technology Development FundUNSPECIFIED
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)18204018
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)19540250
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)21340047
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)21111004
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)24111717
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)26800112
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)15H05744
Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT)UNSPECIFIED
Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute (KASI)UNSPECIFIED
Ministry of Education (Taipei)UNSPECIFIED
NASA Earth and Space Science Fellowship80NSSCK0706
University of MarylandUNSPECIFIED
Eotvos Lorand University (ELTE)UNSPECIFIED
Los Alamos National LaboratoryUNSPECIFIED
Gordon and Betty Moore FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Alfred P. Sloan FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Department of Energy (DOE)UNSPECIFIED
Participating InstitutionsUNSPECIFIED
Gaia Multilateral AgreementUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:Diffuse radiation; Near infrared astronomy; Large-scale structure of the universe; Galaxy evolution; Cosmic background radiation
Issue or Number:2
Classification Code:Unified Astronomy Thesaurus concepts: Diffuse radiation (383); Near infrared astronomy (1093); Large-scale structure of the universe (902); Galaxy evolution (594); Cosmic background radiation (317)
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20210511-124440585
Persistent URL:
Official Citation:Yun-Ting Cheng et al 2021 ApJ 919 69
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:109082
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:11 May 2021 20:32
Last Modified:04 Oct 2021 17:58

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