CaltechAUTHORS
  A Caltech Library Service

Multifault Opposing-Dip Strike-Slip and Normal-Fault Rupture During the 2020 M_w 6.5 Stanley, Idaho Earthquake

Yang, Jidong and Zhu, Hejun and Lay, Thorne and Niu, Yufeng and Ye, Lingling and Lu, Zhong and Luo, Bingxu and Kanamori, Hiroo and Huang, Jianping and Li, Zhenchun (2021) Multifault Opposing-Dip Strike-Slip and Normal-Fault Rupture During the 2020 M_w 6.5 Stanley, Idaho Earthquake. Geophysical Research Letters, 48 (10). Art. No. e2021GL092510. ISSN 0094-8276. doi:10.1029/2021gl092510. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20210513-074036347

[img] PDF - Accepted Version
See Usage Policy.

51MB
[img] PDF - Supplemental Material
See Usage Policy.

19MB
[img] Video (MPEG) (Movie S1) - Supplemental Material
See Usage Policy.

2MB
[img] Video (MPEG) (Movie S2) - Supplemental Material
See Usage Policy.

1MB
[img] Video (MPEG) (Movie S3) - Supplemental Material
See Usage Policy.

2MB

Use this Persistent URL to link to this item: https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20210513-074036347

Abstract

On March 31, 2020, an M_w 6.5 earthquake struck near Stanley, Idaho. More than 35% nondouble-couple component in long-period point-source solutions indicate a more complex source than slip on a planar fault. Using an integrative analysis of seismological and geodetic data, we find that the Stanley earthquake ruptured a pair of opposing-dip faults offset by a 10-km-wide step, including an unmapped northern subfault with predominantly strike-slip faulting and a southern subfault subparallel to the Sawtooth fault with predominantly normal faulting. This converging fault geometry allowed the rupture to traverse a surficial 10-km-wide step, which is greater than the limiting dimension (3–4 km) that commonly ceases earthquake ruptures. This study reveals that a composite rupture process with strike-slip and normal faulting is typical for earthquakes located near the northern boundary of the Centennial Tectonic Belt (CTB), which is distinct from the predominantly normal faulting in the central CTB.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.1029/2021gl092510DOIArticle
https://ds.iris.edu/wilber3/find_eventRelated ItemSeismological data
http://ds.iris.edu/ds/products/emc-us2016Related Item3D crustal velocity model
https://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/searchRelated ItemAftershock catalog
https://search.asf.alaska.edu/#/Related ItemSentinel-1 images
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Yang, Jidong0000-0002-6652-5366
Zhu, Hejun0000-0002-7452-075X
Lay, Thorne0000-0003-2360-4213
Ye, Lingling0000-0001-9689-4149
Lu, Zhong0000-0001-9181-1818
Kanamori, Hiroo0000-0001-8219-9428
Huang, Jianping0000-0003-0699-9911
Alternate Title:Multi-fault opposing‐dip strike‐slip and normal‐fault rupture during the 2020 M_w 6.5 Stanley, Idaho earthquake
Additional Information:© 2021 American Geophysical Union. Issue Online: 19 May 2021; Version of Record online: 19 May 2021; Accepted manuscript online: 04 May 2021; Manuscript accepted: 20 April 2021; Manuscript revised: 14 April 2021; Manuscript received: 12 January 2021. This study is supported by the startup funding of Guanghua Scholar at China University of Petroleum (East China) (20CX06069A) (To Jidong Yang) and UTD faculty startup funding (to. Hejun Zhu). Thorne Lay's research on earthquake is supported by U.S. National Science of Foundation grant EAR1802364. Lingling Ye's research on earthquake is supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41874056). Yufeng Niu's research on earthquake is supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41901286). Jianping Huang and Zhenchun Li are supported by National Outstanding Youth Science Foundation (No. 41922028), National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41874149), and Funds for Creative Research Groups of China (No. 41821002). Data Availability Statement: All data needed to evaluate the conclusions in this study are presented in the paper and supplement materials. Seismological data used in back-projection and finite-fault inversion can be downloaded from https://ds.iris.edu/wilber3/find_event. The 3D crustal velocity model used in back-projection analysis can be downloaded from http://ds.iris.edu/ds/products/emc-us2016/. The aftershock catalog is downloaded from https://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/search/. Sentinel-1 images used in InSAR analysis are provided by the European Space Agency and can be downloaded from https://search.asf.alaska.edu/#/. We thank two anonymous reviewers and the editor G. Prieto for helpful comments on the manuscript.
Group:Seismological Laboratory
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
China University of Petroleum20CX06069A
University of Texas at DallasUNSPECIFIED
NSFEAR-1802364
National Natural Science Foundation of China41874056
National Natural Science Foundation of China41901286
National Outstanding Youth Science Foundation41922028
National Natural Science Foundation of China41874149
National Natural Science Foundation of China41821002
Subject Keywords:earthquake rupture, finite-fault inversion, InSAR analysis, regional back-projection, sawtooth fault
Issue or Number:10
DOI:10.1029/2021gl092510
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20210513-074036347
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20210513-074036347
Official Citation:Yang, J., Zhu, H., Lay, T., Niu, Y., Ye, L., Lu, Z., et al. (2021). Multifault opposing-dip strike-slip and normal-fault rupture during the 2020 Mw 6.5 Stanley, Idaho earthquake. Geophysical Research Letters, 48, e2021GL092510. https://doi.org/10.1029/2021GL092510
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:109107
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:13 May 2021 16:07
Last Modified:26 May 2021 18:10

Repository Staff Only: item control page