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Study of the reactions e⁺e⁻ → 2(π⁺π⁻)π⁰π⁰π⁰ and 2(π⁺π⁻)π⁰π⁰η at center-of-mass energies from threshold to 4.5 GeV using initial-state radiation

Lees, J. P. and Poireau, V. and Tisserand, V. and Grauges, E. and Palano, A. and Eigen, G. and Brown, D. N. and Kolomensky, Yu. G. and Fritsch, M. and Koch, H. and Schroeder, T. and Cheaib, R. and Hearty, C. and Mattison, T. S. and McKenna, J. A. and So, R. Y. and Blinov, V. E. and Buzykaev, A. R. and Druzhinin, V. P. and Golubev, V. B. and Kozyrev, E. A. and Kravchenko, E. A. and Onuchin, A. P. and Serednyakov, S. I. and Skovpen, Yu. I. and Solodov, E. P. and Todyshev, K. Yu. and Lankford, A. J. and Dey, B. and Gary, J. W. and Long, O. and Eisner, A. M. and Lockman, W. S. and Panduro Vazquez, W. and Chao, D. S. and Cheng, C. H. and Echenard, B. and Flood, K. T. and Hitlin, D. G. and Kim, J. and Li, Y. and Lin, D. X. and Miyashita, T. S. and Ongmongkolkul, P. and Oyang, J. and Porter, F. C. and Röhrken, M. and Huard, Z. and Meadows, B. T. and Pushpawela, B. G. and Sokoloff, M. D. and Sun, L. and Smith, J. G. and Wagner, S. R. and Bernard, D. and Verderi, M. and Bettoni, D. and Bozzi, C. and Calabrese, R. and Cibinetto, G. and Fioravanti, E. and Garzia, I. and Luppi, E. and Santoro, V. and Calcaterra, A. and de Sangro, R. and Finocchiaro, G. and Martellotti, S. and Patteri, P. and Peruzzi, I. M. and Piccolo, M. and Rotondo, M. and Zallo, A. and Passaggio, S. and Patrignani, C. and Shuve, B. J. and Lacker, H. M. and Bhuyan, B. and Mallik, U. and Chen, C. and Cochran, J. and Prell, S. and Gritsan, A. V. and Arnaud, N. and Davier, M. and Le Diberder, F. and Lutz, A. M. and Wormser, G. and Lange, D. J. and Wright, D. M. and Coleman, J. P. and Gabathuler, E. and Hutchcroft, D. E. and Payne, D. J. and Touramanis, C. and Bevan, A. J. and Di Lodovico, F. and Sacco, R. and Cowan, G. and Banerjee, Sw. and Brown, D. N. and Davis, C. L. and Denig, A. G. and Gradl, W. and Griessinger, K. and Hafner, A. and Schubert, K. R. and Barlow, R. J. and Lafferty, G. D. and Cenci, R. and Jawahery, A. and Roberts, D. A. and Cowan, R. and Robertson, S. H. and Seddon, R. M. and Neri, N. and Palombo, F. and Cremaldi, L. and Godang, R. and Summers, D. J. and Taras, P. and De Nardo, G. and Sciacca, C. and Raven, G. and Jessop, C. P. and LoSecco, J. M. and Honscheid, K. and Kass, R. and Gaz, A. and Margoni, M. and Posocco, M. and Simi, G. and Simonetto, F. and Stroili, R. and Akar, S. and Ben-Haim, E. and Bomben, M. and Bonneaud, G. R. and Calderini, G. and Chauveau, J. and Marchiori, G. and Ocariz, J. and Biasini, M. and Manoni, E. and Rossi, A. and Batignani, G. and Bettarini, S. and Carpinelli, M. and Casarosa, G. and Chrzaszcz, M. and Forti, F. and Giorgi, M. A. and Lusiani, A. and Oberhof, B. and Paoloni, E. and Rama, M. and Rizzo, G. and Walsh, J. J. and Zani, L. and Smith, A. J. S. and Anulli, F. and Faccini, R. and Ferrarotto, F. and Ferroni, F. and Pilloni, A. and Piredda, G. and Bünger, C. and Dittrich, S. and Grünberg, O. and Heß, M. and Leddig, T. and Voß, C. and Waldi, R. and Adye, T. and Wilson, F. F. and Emery, S. and Vasseur, G. and Aston, D. and Cartaro, C. and Convery, M. R. and Dorfan, J. and Dunwoodie, W. and Ebert, M. and Field, R. C. and Fulsom, B. G. and Graham, M. T. and Hast, C. and Innes, W. R. and Kim, P. and Leith, D. W. G. S. and Luitz, S. and MacFarlane, D. B. and Muller, D. R. and Neal, H. and Ratcliff, B. N. and Roodman, A. and Sullivan, M. K. and Va’vra, J. and Wisniewski, W. J. and Purohit, M. V. and Wilson, J. R. and Randle-Conde, A. and Sekula, S. J. and Ahmed, H. and Bellis, M. and Burchat, P. R. and Puccio, E. M. T. and Alam, M. S. and Ernst, J. A. and Gorodeisky, R. and Guttman, N. and Peimer, D. R. and Soffer, A. and Spanier, S. M. and Ritchie, J. L. and Schwitters, R. F. and Izen, J. M. and Lou, X. C. and Bianchi, F. and De Mori, F. and Filippi, A. and Gamba, D. and Lanceri, L. and Vitale, L. and Martinez-Vidal, F. and Oyanguren, A. and Albert, J. and Beaulieu, A. and Bernlochner, F. U. and King, G. J. and Kowalewski, R. and Lueck, T. and Nugent, I. M. and Roney, J. M. and Sobie, R. J. and Tasneem, N. and Gershon, T. J. and Harrison, P. F. and Latham, T. E. and Prepost, R. and Wu, S. L. (2021) Study of the reactions e⁺e⁻ → 2(π⁺π⁻)π⁰π⁰π⁰ and 2(π⁺π⁻)π⁰π⁰η at center-of-mass energies from threshold to 4.5 GeV using initial-state radiation. Physical Review D, 103 (9). Art. No. 092001. ISSN 2470-0010. doi:10.1103/physrevd.103.092001.

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We study the processes e⁺e⁻ → 2(π⁺π⁻)π⁰π⁰π⁰γ and 2(π⁺π⁻)π⁰π⁰ηγ in which an energetic photon is radiated from the initial state. The data were collected with the BABAR detector at SLAC. About 14 000 and 4700 events, respectively, are selected from a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 469 fb⁻¹. The invariant mass of the hadronic final state defines the effective e⁺e⁻ center-of-mass energy. The center-of-mass energies range from threshold to 4.5 GeV. From the mass spectra, the first ever measurements of the e⁺e⁻ → 2(π⁺π⁻)π⁰π⁰π⁰ and the e⁺e⁻ → 2(π⁺π−)π⁰π⁰η cross sections are performed. The contributions from ωπ⁺π−π⁰π⁰, η2(π⁺π⁻), and other intermediate states are presented. We observe the J/ψ and ψ(2S) in most of these final states and measure the corresponding branching fractions, many of them for the first time.

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URLURL TypeDescription Paper
Solodov, E. P.0000-0002-1624-2675
Cheng, C. H.0000-0002-8382-0447
Echenard, B.0000-0002-3866-9370
Hitlin, D. G.0000-0003-4028-6982
Porter, F. C.0000-0003-1948-8889
Additional Information:© 2021 Published by the American Physical Society under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license. Further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the published article’s title, journal citation, and DOI. Funded by SCOAP3. Received 4 February 2021; accepted 13 April 2021; published 6 May 2021. We are grateful for the extraordinary contributions of our PEP-II2 colleagues in achieving the excellent luminosity and machine conditions that have made this work possible. The success of this project also relies critically on the expertise and dedication of the computing organizations that support BABAR. The collaborating institutions wish to thank SLAC for its support and the kind hospitality extended to them. This work is supported by the U.S. Department of Energy and National Science Foundation, the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (Canada), the Commissariat à l’Energie Atomique and Institut National de Physique Nucléaire et de Physique des Particules (France), the Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung and Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (Germany), the Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (Italy), the Foundation for Fundamental Research on Matter (Netherlands), the Research Council of Norway, the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation, Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (Spain), the Science and Technology Facilities Council (United Kingdom), and the Binational Science Foundation (U.S.–Israel). Individuals have received support from the Marie-Curie IEF program (European Union) and the A. P. Sloan Foundation (USA).
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Department of Energy (DOE)UNSPECIFIED
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC)UNSPECIFIED
Commissariat à l’Energie Atomique (CEA)UNSPECIFIED
Institut National de Physique Nucléaire et de Physique des Particules (IN2P3)UNSPECIFIED
Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (BMBF)UNSPECIFIED
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG)UNSPECIFIED
Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN)UNSPECIFIED
Stichting voor Fundamenteel Onderzoek der Materie (FOM)UNSPECIFIED
Research Council of NorwayUNSPECIFIED
Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian FederationUNSPECIFIED
Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (MINECO)UNSPECIFIED
Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC)UNSPECIFIED
Binational Science Foundation (USA-Israel)UNSPECIFIED
Marie Curie FellowshipUNSPECIFIED
Alfred P. Sloan FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Issue or Number:9
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20210513-124454358
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Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:109118
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:13 May 2021 21:37
Last Modified:13 May 2021 21:37

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